What are the 3 purposes of dance? why people dance?
Art, Entertainment, & Ritual
What are the 3 categories of dance?
Recreational, Folk/Ethic, & Concert Performance
True/False: Dance as entertainment typically includes tricks, virtuosic movement, and stunts.
What is the focus of dance as ritual?
Relationship of self & deity.
purpose, intentional rhythm, culturally patterned sequences, extraordinary nonverbal movement which has value in and of itself
What are the four components that distinguish dance from non-dance activities?
What are the dates of the Renaissance Period?
1400 AD to 1700 AD
Why did people in the Primitive Period dance?
Communication and ritual.
The Contemporary Period.
In what time period did many dance styles/forms emerge and develop?
What are some qualities of dance in the Medieval Period?
Dance was banned unless it glorified the church.
Obsession with death – The Danse Macabre (Dance of Death) emerged due to the Black Plague
Vaslav Nijinsky. It contained very primitive movement, turned in legs, sharp/angular gestures that were very different than traditional ballets at this time.
Who choreographed Rite of Spring, and what made this ballet stand out when it was first performed?
False! (Renaissance Period)
True/False: Ballet flourished during the Ancient Period.
Describe how dance movements looked in the Primitive Period.
Very basic and pedestrian. Imitated nature and animals. (running, hopping, stomping, clapping etc.)
What is the literal meaning of the word “renaissance”?
What are some components of dance during the Ancient Period?
– aesthetic elements of dance were deliberately sought
– advancements in government and language began to affect development of dance aesthetics
– Greece – quest for beauty and knowledge reflected in dance
– India – Bharata Natyam developed
What was popular about the Contredance, and what are two basic steps that were included in the dance?
– It gave more people the opportunity to dance at one time.
True/False: An aesthetic reaction to a work of art means that the viewer senses something from the work, positive or negative.
Name some things that might affect an audience member’s interpretation or aesthetic experience of a dance.
Message or Point of View
Movement for movement’s sake
Describe how David Parsons created Sleep Study.
– used familiar movement/shapes (sleeping)
– played with timing and placement
– Retrograde (reverse)
True/False: A choreographer always finds music first (before creating movement) in his/her creative process.
True/False: A choreographer never collaborates with the dancers and always comes up with the movement prior to teaching it to the dancers.
What are the three choreographic elements that are needed to create movement?
Placement, alignment, and execution are components of _______________.
Bound = contained, held, controlled
Free = continuous, ongoing
What is the difference between bound flow and free flow?
Definition of dance
art form that is displayed through thehuman body using the medium of movement, projects feelings, has the power to communicate and evoke responses
where, when, and why can dance be found?
anywhere, anytime, for any reason
Dance as an art form
– Focus: Intention of the work
– There is meaning to the movement
– Movement tends to be more abstract
– Artistic Intention
– ex: ballet, modern companies, improvisation
Dance as an Entertainment
– Focus: Audience
– Incorporates tricks, stunts, virtuosic movement
– Movement tends to be literal
– Expressive, emotive, storytelling, narrative
– The purpose of the dance is to entertain
– ex: cheerleaders, cirque du soleil, etc.
Dance as a Ritual
– Focus: Relationship of self & deity
– The dance is about your relationship with a higher power
– Can be more emotional/personal; transcend self; changes you inside
– Often represented in cultural
dance styles/world dance
– ex: whirling dervish, haitian dance, liturgical dance, etc.
How do we learn dance?
dive right in approach, creative approach, and technical approach
– Limited movement vocabulary
– Simple movement patterns; repeatable patterns
– Honors tradition through repetition
– Less intimidating
– Lacks choreographic creativity
– Examples: Club dancing,
Social, Folk, Country Western
– Practicing on one’s own time with no formal instruction
– Check out own resources; collect information
– A way to learn about personal movement preferences, analyze strengths/weaknesses, explore new territory
– Assumes no training; encourages innovation
– Tend to get too comfortable/similar in movement
– Examples: Improvisation, Creative Movement, Breakdancing
– Take class; “Copy-cat” training
– Learn from instructor, professor, specialist
– Celebrate history & tradition of training methods
– Focus on accurately repeating movements recognized as a style
– Commitment to increasing skill
– Tend to have some limited
– Examples: Ballet, Jazz, Modern
My definition of art would be a way of expressing one’s self through creativity.
what is art?
develop when audience members clearly knows what they like/ what they didn’t like, and why they responded to the dance the way they did, feelings evoked from viewing a work of art
Dance in the Primitive Period
(Prior to 3000 B.C.)
– Dance was used as a means of communication.
– Dance rituals were done to worship and appease the gods.
– Dance rituals were done at special occasions, such as a birth, marriage or death.
– Many dance rituals focused on fertility and having an abundant harvest.
– Movements were imitative (of nature and animals) and very basic.
Dance in the Ancient Period
(3000 B.C. to 400 A.D.)
– Conscious decision to dance.
– Aesthetic elements were deliberately sought.
– Developments and advancements in writing, agriculture and government helped to shape the dance aesthetic.
– Movement choices were made in order to represent certain themes (choices being made in dance).
– Dances combined movement, music and poetry and were often participatory.
in india, developed as a temple dance, began in 500-300 b.c.e., Known for flowing arm
movements, stamping feet,
head and eye gestures
Dance in the Medieval Period
(400 A.D. to 1400 A.D.)
– Fall of Roman Empire = lesser interest in art/beauty
– Dance was banned unless in glorified the church.
In most of Europe, the Christian church saw dance as a pagan activity.
– Art to church
– The Black Plague killed as much as half the population of Europe and led to preoccupation with death and dying, superstitions and witchcraft. The Dance of Death (“Danse Macabre”) emerged at this time.
– In Islamic lands, dance flourished during this time period and was done for ritual and entertainment purposes.
Dance in the Renaissance Period
(1400 A.D. to 1700 A.D.)
– A renewed interest in the arts developed. “Rebirth of the arts”
– Court ballets flourished and folk dancing remained popular with the working class.
– Class distinction – 16th & 17th centuries
– Dance became less of a group activity and more about the individual artist.
– Early social dances to ballet
– Ritual to codified technique
– Ballet emerged as a professional art form.
– Creativity to Tradition
Dance in the Contemporary Period
(1700 A.D. to present)
– Development of many dance genres.
– Introduction of classical and contemporary ballet, as well as modern dance.
– The twentieth century presented the world with some of the greatest dance artists and dances every known.
– Advancements in technology & science are happening alongside art.
the creative process
– Process to Product
– “Setting” a work
sleep study, aritistic director of parsons dance, and former member of Paul Taylor Dance company
elements of space
A body exists in space,
moves in/through space, and is
contained in space.
The 3 dimensional space
of the total body.
Beyond the stage:
– Positive/Negative space
elements of time
Time is the organizing factor in movement. When allowed, it can dictate/control the movement
speed/tempo,pulse/underlying beat, rhythmic pattern, time signature/ meter, no counts at all, breath/ emotional phrasing, stillness, words/ text/ sounds/ silence
– Power, drive, oomph
– It provides the “go” power.
– Determined by time-space factors or by a particular motivation
dynamics and qualities
shapes formed by the body of the dancer
shapes formed by empty area surrounding dancer
Movement dynamics/ qualities (rudolf Laban)
– space: direct/indirect
– time: sudden/sustained
– weight: strong/light
– flow: bound/unbound(free)
placement, alignment, execution
style, intention, nuance, movement ownership
helps dancers to relieve tension and redirect energy, practitioners use gentle touch to guide dancers in positions that are less stressful and more relaxed
gentle, hands-on approach that helps dancers overcome limitations in their bodies and improves mobility, dancers can become aware of habitual patterns and then try to change them
focuses on how the body can function better and teaches dancers to develop appropriate alignment, mobility, sequencing, strength, flexibility, mobility, kinesthetic awareness, and expression
Rolfing (Structural Integration)
can dramatically alter a person’s posture and structure, series of 10 sessions that are deep tissue massages which focus on connective tissue manipulation and retaining the body to work with gravity
– # classes per week
– Styles of dance
– Dance-related techniques
– can be very stressful and may take long hours
– freelance: $8.03-$18.82 an hour (2008)
– professional: $15,200-$41,280 (2008)
– must have an open mind
– must respect dancers
– Participants / Equal Partners
– Instant Gratification vs.Investment
– all interpretations of dance are correct because it is one’s opinion
prior to 3000 B.C.
3000 B.C. – 400 A.D.
400 – 1400 AD
1400 -1700 AD
1700 – present