How did the merchant class in northern Italy influence the Renaissance?
They patroned the arts and supported the studies of the classic teachings. J.L.
How did art change during the Renaissance?
it became more realistic with the introduction of techniques like perspective and dark vs. light which were rediscovered from the classic Greek and Roman styles. J.L.
How did Northern European rulers encourage the Spread of the Renaissance?
the northern countries were united under a single monarch who sponsored the arts and because it was sponsored by high class peoples the new art style spread quick throughout that country. J.L.
How did the Albrecht Durer’s work reflect the Renaissance ideas?
They portray religious subjects and portray classical myths or realistic landscapes. J.L.
What did the Christian humanists set out to do, and what method did they use?
Christian humanists wanted people to live as perfect humans and to value human abilities and he wrote books to do so. J.L.
What act by Martin Luther set of the Reformation?
Martin Luther hammered his 95 Theses to the Church door demanding reform. J.L.
Why did the Holy Roman Emperor go to war against the Protestant German Princes?
The German Princes disobeyed the Emperor’s laws and hid Martin Luther as well as helped his works spread. J.L.
How did England establish a state church apart from the Catholic Church?
Henry VIII started the Church of England after the pope refused to grant him an annulment. J.L.
What were the main teachings of John Calvin?
Calvin taught that God chose a few people to be saved and that these people were predetermined before their existence which is called Calvinism. J.L.
What role did the Jesuits play in the Catholic Reformation?
They help to show the good, not corrupt side of the Church and reattached followers.