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US History 19-22

While progressivism has many meanings it tended to be based on the central assumption
that American society was capable of improvement
At the turn of the twentieth century, progressive activists
were “antimonopoly” and feared concentrated power
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the “Social Gospel” was
an effort to make religious faith a tool of social reform

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Thorstein Veblen argued that
argued modern cities should rely on a handful of experts to solve their social problems
Regarding organizing professions during the progressive era
by World War I, all states had established professional bar associations
During the progressive era, the “new woman” was a product of
Social and Economic Change
all of the above
In the year prior to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment
both A and B
39 states partial woman suffrage, 15 full
The initiative and referendum were progressive era political reforms designed to weaken
state legislatures
Poor state legislature and party bosses
The recall and direct primary were progressive era political reforms designed to weaken
political parties
In the aftermath of the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire in New York City
strict regulations with effective enforcement were imposed on factory owners
The 1913, Underwood-Simmons Tarrif
was intended to weaken the power of business trusts
In 1913, to offset the loss of revenues from other legislation, Congress
passed a graduated income tax
The Federal Reserve Act
created a new type of paper currency
The 1916 Keating-Owen Act was the first federal law regulating
child labor
The 1904 “Roosevelt Corollary”
stated that the U.S. had a right to intervene in the affairs of neighboring countries
The policy idea behind “Dollar Diplomacy” was to
extend investments by the United States in less-developed regions
In the early twentieth century, United States actions toward Mexico included
both A and B
On the eve of the Great War, the chief rivalry in Europe was between
Germany and Great BritainGermany and Great Britain
In mid-1916, President Woodrow Wilson
strongly supported a rapid increase of the nation’s armed forces
The so-called Zimmerman telegram
included a proposal for the return of the American Southwest to Mexico
In March 1917, the United States moved closer to entering the Great War when
the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia
As the United States entered World War I, its most immediate military effect was in
the Atlantic Ocean
During World War I, the new technology of warfare
Machine guns high-powered artillery, mustard gas tanks flamethrowers
During World War I, the War Industries Board (WIB)
coordinated government purchases of military supplies
The Sabotage Act and the Sedition Act of 1918
made illegal any public expression opposing the war
In 1918, President Wilson’s Fourteen Points, significant political support
an end to secret treaties.
neither A nor B
In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson antagonized many Republicans
when he refused to put prominent Republicans on the peace conference negotiating team.
During the Red Scare of 1919, Attorney General Mitchell Palmer
Raided radicle centers and arrested 6000 people
Throughout the 1920s, the performance of the United States economy
saw nearly uninterrupted prosperity coupled with severe inequalities
In the 1920s, the development of practical radio communication was furthered by
the theory of modulation
During the 1920s, most American workers experienced all of the following EXCEPT
few opportunities to join a company union
In the 1920s, “welfare capitalism”
was a paternalistic approach used by corporate leaders on their workers
During the 1920s, the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
believed workers should be organized on the basis of skills
In the workplace, the “open shop” meant
no worker was required to join a union
During the 1920s, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
was one of the few unions led by African Americans
During the 1920s, immigrant increasing their presence in the labor force in the West and Southwest EXCEPT
In the 1920s bestseller, The Man Nobody Knows,
Jesus Christ was portrayed as a salesman
In the 1920s, “behavioral” psychologists argued
mental ailments could be improved by treating their symptoms. John Watson
In the 1920s, a growing interest in birth control among middle-class women
.the attitude that sexual activity should not be for procreation only
The Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921
provided federal funds for child health care programs.
Enrollment in colleges and universities increased threefold between 1900 and 1930, with much of that increase occurring after
World War I.
In his 1925 novel, The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald
criticized the American obsession with material wealth
In the 1920s, artists and intellectuals in the Harlem Renaissance
drew heavily from their African heritage
During the 1920s, as a result of the Eighteenth Amendment,
Hired 1500 agents, little help from local police, organized crime
The National Origins Act of 1924
entirely banned immigration from east Asia to the United States
During the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan
opposed the existing diversity of American society
During the Harding administration, the Teapot Dome scandal
involved transfers of national oil reserves
As secretary of commerce, Herbert Hoover considered himself
an active progressive for business
To Herbert Hoover, “associationalism” meant
concept that envision the creation of national organizations of businessman in particular industries
Throughout the late nineteenth century, the federal government
was relatively inactive
The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
was used by the federal government against labor unions
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
Both A and B
Banned discrimination in rates between long and short hauls, require railroads publish rate schedules and file with government, internal rates must be reasonable and just but did not define, five person agency interstate commerce commission supposed to administer but relied on courts to enforce, little effect
In 1892, the People’s Party called for
a government network of crop warehouses
In 1896, the major issue of William McKinley’s administration was
the desire for higher tariffs
American agriculture during the 1890s benefited from
foreign crop failures
The author of The Influence of Sea Power upon History believed the United States
should take possession of the Hawaiian Islands
Which of the following statements regarding the Spanish-American War is FALSE?
U.S. Army soldiers were well-equipped and supplied
Criticism within the United States of American colonialism included all the following EXCEPT
the financial costs of administering colonies would require burdensome taxes
The “Open Door notes”
were directed to imperial powers in Europe and Asia
In 1900, the Chinese Boxer Rebellion was directed
all foreigners in China

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US History 19-22
While progressivism has many meanings it tended to be based on the central assumption that American society was capable of improvement At the turn of the twentieth century, progressive activists
2021-02-24 03:19:18
US History 19-22
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