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MUS 101 – Test 1 Answers

You should notice your reactions to the musical sounds you hear.
True
Music is necessary for physical existence
False
The composer of ‘Hoe-Down’ from Rodeo is
Aaron Copeland

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Most concert music is louder than popular music
False
Why are some guidance and instruction often needed to understand and appreciate many works of concert music?
All of these choices
Hearing and listening to music are the same thing
False
The best procedure to studying/listening to a musical work in this course is
listen while following computer graphics, then listen with Listening Guide, and then listen without any visual aid
Most works of concert music are longer than popular pieces of music
True
Fantasizing scenes in your mind helps you listen to music better.
False
Suppose you really like a type of popular music. Your attitude toward the classical music in this course should be
finding out why many people find classical works interesting to listen to
Polyrhythms are a feature of the music from which part of the world?
Africa
The best known work of Georges Bizet, the composer of Farandole, is
The Opera, Carmen
Refer to Figure 2.2. Which of these measures contains syncopation?
The second one
Refer to Figure 2.1. Number 2 in the above example is pointing to the
tempo marking
Meter is the
Pattern of the Beats
The terms that indicate tempo in music are usually in
Italian
Even if all the beats in a steady series are equally loud, the tendency of listeners is to think of them in small groups of twos or threes
True
Syncopation occurs when
the emphasis of the rhythm is placed where it is not expected
The basic ratio on which the notation of rhythm is based is
2:1
A theme is
a melodic idea that plays a central role in a musical work
Higher pitches in music notation appear higher on the lines and spaces than low pitches.
True
Groups of notes that do not seem to blend together well and give a feeling of tension are described as
dissonant
A sharp (#) lowers a pitch by one half step
False
Almost all melodies in the music of Western civilization
have a tonal center
Pitches in music can be part of
All of these choices
Notes aligned vertically in music notation are sounded at the same time
True
Your impression of a melody is affected by
All of these choices
Many of the more familiar songs sung in America and Europe end on notes other than the tonic
False
The term for the degrees of loudness in music is volume
False
The letter f indicates that the music should be soft
False
The word that indicates the music should get louder is decrescendo
False
In order to be considered music, the sounds must have been rendered in music notation
False
The principle of Gestalt psychology, “The whole is greater than sum of its parts,” is true of music
True
The timbre of any sound played on an instrument (other than an electronic one) or sung almost always changes slightly from its beginning to its ending
True
The overtone or harmonic series is the
pattern of pitches that results when dividing a string or air column at fractional points
Which is the most accurate definition of music?
Organized sounds occurring within a specified span of time
Form in music refers to
the overall plan for the organization of the music
Ternary form is represented by the letters
aba
A short melodic or rhythmic figure that is repeated often and contributes to the unity of a musical work is called a
motive
The composer of Concieto de Aranjuez is
Joaquin Rodrigo
A movement in an instrumental work is
a large independent section of a large instrumental work
When the soloist in a concerto plays alone a paraphrase of the themes, he or she is playing a
cadenza
Forms in music are constructed around
repetition, variation, and contrast
The term for the different levels of loudness and softness in music is
dynamics
The timbre of an instrument or voice is determined by
the number and strength of the partials its sounds produce
Letters such as ff and mp on page of music tell the performer
how loud or soft the music should be
The basic idea of a concerto is contrasting
a soloist or small group with an orchestra or band
A concerto is a
genre
Percussion instruments produce sound by being struck or shaken
True
The way a string player draws the bow across the strings can significantly affect the quality of sound
True
The hair on the bow of a string instrument is treated camel hair
False
Timpani sound different pitches, but bass drums cannot
True
The string instruments in a symphony orchestra consist of violins, cellos, double basses, harp, and
Violas
The term for sounds that are made on string instruments by plucking the string is
Pizzicato
The use of vibrato when playing a string instrument makes the sound
Warmer
The piccolo is the smaller “cousin” of the
flute
Which woodwind instruments produce sounds with a double reed?
oboe and bassoon
Sound is produced on all brass instruments when
when the player’s lip membranes vibrate as air passes between them
The valves or slide on a brass instrument
change the length of the tubing and thereby introduce a different overtone series
Which percussion instrument can produce different pitches?
xylophone
Which instrument is not a percussion instrument?
harp
Approximately what proportion of a symphony orchestra consists of string instrument players?
half
The woodwind instruments in a symphony orchestra are
flute, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon
A vibrato is
slight, rapid fluctuations in the pitch of a sound
Woodwind and brass instrument players start and stop sounds by
controlling the flow of air with the tongue
How many strings do violins, violas, and cellos have?
four
A mute is a device that can be attached to a string or brass instrument to
change their timbre
The pipe organ has a pedalboard that is played with the feet.
True
The pipe organ, like the piano, has one keyboard
False
The sounds on a pipe organ are produced by air being blown through pipes
True
A traditional acoustic guitar and an electric guitar sound very much alike
False
The main difference between a harpsichord and a piano is the number of keys
False
When playing the harpsichord, it is possible for the player to make gradual changes of dynamic level, which is not true on the piano
False
Singers regulate pitch by
adjusting the tension in the vocal cords
The higher female voice is the
soprano
Which of these instruments is usually included in wind bands but not in symphony orchestras
baritone horn
The harpsichord produces sound when
A quill or a plectrum plucks a string
The pedals on the piano can
all of these choices
The metal strips on the fingerboard of a guitar are called
frets
Digital recordings create sounds by
rapidly processing discrete bits of information, usually numbers
In what ways can the human voice be considered a musical instrument?
all of these choices
Singers change the timbre of a sound by changing the
formation of the tongue and mouth
In electronic music “sampling” means using
recorded samples of the actual sounds of an instrument
The original notation of Gregorian chant consisted of square notes and no indication of meter
True
Gregorian chants were essentially hymns sung by the congregation at worship services
False
Every civilization throughout history and around the world has had music of some kind
True
The music the early Greeks sounded like
No one knows what it really sounded like
Gregorian chant has no
All of these choices
Many of the practices of the Christian church were adapted from
Judaism
The early Greek who discovered the basic acoustical ratios of musical sounds was
Pythagoras
An important ancient Greek philosopher who strongly advocated music as essential for an educated person was
Plato
Which of these is true about Gregorian chant
All of these choices
The Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei constitute what part of the Mass?
The Ordinary
Hildegard’s Ordo virtutum is
a morality play
The outlook of many people during the Middle Ages was
otherworldly
“Western civilization” refers to the culture
that developed in ancient Greece and then spread throughout Europe
The “Dies irae” is a Gregorian chant sung at
funerals
Composers in the Medieval times were fascinated by complex rhythmic and melodic relationships in music
True
Guillaume Machaut is largely responsible for introducing polyphony
False
A Medieval motet could have one of its parts in Latin and another in French
true
Much secular music existed during Medieval times, but only a little of it was written down
True
Medieval motets have no rhythm
False
Many of the persons who created art works and music during Medieval times are anonymous
true
The approximate dates of the Medieval period are
1100-1450
An important intellectual movement during the Gothic period was
Scholasticism
Secular music is
nonreligious music
Polyphony developed in
The Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris
A Medieval motet was built on a phrase of Gregorian chant. That phrase was called the
Cantus Firmus
The rhythm in Medieval motets
was often based on rhythmic modes similar to those found in poetry
Chivalry was an outlook or attitude that
glorified women
Which statement is true of Medieval motets
They were based on a phrase of Gregorian chant
Organum is not polyphonic because the
two lines of music move in strict parallel motion
The secular music of Medieval times is less known that the music for worship because
only a small amount of it was written down
An early composer of polyphonic music was
Perotin
The Medieval motet developed mostly in
France
Which was a Medieval dance?
Estampie
Madrigals are in vernacular languages
True
Madrigals usually have slower tempos than motets
False
The texts of madrigals are on religious topics, especially old testament stories
False
An important event during the Renaissance was the development of printing from movable type
True
The musical setting of Renaissance Masses were often based on a phrase of Gregorian chant
True
The Renaissance was the age of the great explorers such as Columbus and Magellan
True
Renaissance motets and madrigals are most authentically performed when sung by large choral groups
False
Which statement is true about Renaissance motets?
They contain points of imitation when new phrases of text enter.
An important philosophical outlook of the Renaissance was
Humanism
In order to permit portions of the text to be heard more clearly, des Prez and Palestrina used
points of imitation
Two important Renaissance composers were
Josquin and Palestrina
The term a cappella indicates that the music is to be sung
without accompaniment
The most popular instrument during the Renaissance was the
lute
Instrumental music during the Renaissance consisted largely of
dance music
The approximate dates of the Renaissance period are
1600-1750
The Renaissance represented a rebirth of interest in and admiration of the civilizations of
ancient Greece and Rome
An important development was the introduction of
the bass voice part
The patronage system allowed composers to sell their works to the highest bidder.
False
Except for recitatives, the rhythm in Baroque music was clearly metrical.
True
Changes of key (tonal center) in Baroque music are rare
False
A feature of Baroque music was the use of terraced dynamics
True
Because there was no body of established music, many Baroque composers wrote a tremendous amount of music
True
Baroque orchestras performed with only the keyboard player indicating when to begin
True
One of the reasons why recitative singing was developed, especially for dramatic purposes, was that the words could be heard more easily
True
During the Baroque period the modes were largely abandoned in favor of major and minor keys.
True
Style periods in the arts can be designated only well after they have passed
True
Styles in music are confined to designated dates
True
Until the nineteenth century, music was more developed than the visual arts
False
Recognizing and understanding musical styles helps you listen to music with more understanding
true
Terraced dynamics are
abrupt changes from one dynamic level to another
The continuo part in Baroque music is
the nearly continuous bass line
The approximate dates of the Baroque period in music are
1600-1750
An important composer of music in the Baroque was
Handel
The three main characteristics of Baroque art and music are
large dimensions, drama, and religious intensity
A feature of recitatives is
All of these choices
An important instrument in the Baroque period was the
harpsichord
The “doctrine of affections” or “doctrine of affects” was the belief that
music could project rather specific feelings
An acoustical quirk of nature in tuning called the “Pythagorean comma” was compensated for by the use of
equal temperament
Handel often uses text painting in his oratorio Messiah
True
In contrast to recitatives, choruses and arias are sung with a steady, regular rhythm
True
A cantata similar to an oratorio, except that it is much shorter.
True
Chorale melodies were often incorporated by composers as themes in instrumental works
True
Neither Gregorian chant nor chorales were created for performance in concert settings but are often the basis for other musical works
True
Messiah was the only oratorio Handel composed; most of his other music consisted of operas and instrumental works
False
Handel’s oratorio Messiah calls for
All of these choices
In what ways does an aria differ from a recitative? An aria
All of these choices
About how many parts (solos, choruses, etc.) does Messiah contain
53
The word “virtuoso” refers to
A person who can do a highly skilled activity
An oratorio is similar to an opera except that it does not have
All of these choices
Although he was born in Germany, Handel lived most of his adult life in
England
A chorale is a(n)
Lutheran hymn
A cantata differs from an oratorio in that it
All of these choices
Usually all the words in an opera are sung
True
The plot in operas moves along faster when music included
True
The style of singing needed for opera singers also is suitable for singing folk songs
False
In some operatic scenes a character who is supposed to be very ill engages in some quite healthy singing.
True
The setting of an opera or play is somewhat like a room with one wall removed so that the audience can observe what is taking place.
True
The orchestra in an opera is placed on the left hand side of the stage
True
The combination of music and words can have a much greater emotional impact on listeners than just the words without music
True
Operas are sung without accompanying orchestra or keyboard instrument
False
Many operas during the Baroque were based on characters from Greek and Roman mythology.
True
Baroque operas are frequently performed by opera companies today
False
Opera began when a group of noblemen
Wished to recreate musical dramas similar to Ancient Greek Dramas
The role of king or authority figure in an opera is usually sung by
A bass
The text of an opera is called the
libretto
A persistently repeated, rather short phrase in music is called
An ostinato
The role of a heroic young man in an opera will probably be sung by
tenor
An important composer of early operas was
Monteverdi
The singing style used in operas is powerful and dramatic because
All of these choices
The reason for “Dido’s Lament” in Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas was because
Aeneas had to leave Carthage to found Rome
A feature of the aria “Dido’s Lament” is
the ostinato in the lower instruments in the orchestra
Which of these is included in opera?
All of these choices
What do soap operas and traditional operas have in common?
Both are dramatic
In the recitative from Monteverdi’s Coronation of Poppea, Poppea is trying to get Nero to
come back to her soon
In what language is Monteverdi’s Coronation of Poppea?
Italian
Prior to the Baroque period, composers did not indicate which instrument should play a particular part
True
A trio sonata is for just three instruments
False
Pachelbel’s Canon in D combines a lengthy canon with a basso ostinato
True
Baroque flutes were often the type played straight in front of the player, not in transverse position as they are today
True
The first markings indicating dynamic levels appeared in Baroque music
True
The pipe organ reached its height of development during the Renaissance, but it was still important during the Baroque
False
Which instrument was not particularly important in Baroque music?
Piano
A Baroque suite is a group of
stylized dance works
Which type of work is not found in a Baroque suite?
sonata
A piece of stylized dance music is music that
has been created to be listened to
During the Baroque a sonata was a
work for one or more instruments
The traditional means of designating instrumental music works that don’t have a title is with the letters
Op
The instruments used in a trio sonata are
two violins, one cello, and a continuo part
The “Hornpipe” by Handel is
a piece of stylized dance music
Handel’s Water Music Suite is so named because
it was composed to be played on barges as the king cruised the river
Arcangelo Corelli is known today for his
trio sonatas
The composer of Water Music Suite was
Handel
Performers often improvised during the Baroque
True
J.S. Bach’s family and family tree contained many renowned musicians.
True
The first section of a fugue is called the overture
False
A toccata is a set of variations on a chorale melody.
False
The third movement of J.S. Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 has an important part for the pipe organ.
False
A pedal tone is a very long note that is held while the chords and melodic material change
True
The subject in a fugue appears only in its exposition
False
The parts for the small group in a concerto grosso are noticeably more difficult than the parts for the orchestra.
False
A concerto grosso contrasts
a small group of players with the rest of the orchestra
The recurring theme played by the orchestra in a concerto grosso is called the
tutti
The group of four concertos called The Four Seasons was composed by
Vivaldi
The main theme of a fugue is called
subject
In which texture are fugues
polyphonic
The lines of a fugue are called
voices
Sequence occurs when pattern of notes is repeated
several times in succession, each time at a different pitch level
J.S. Bach composed six concertos, performed often today, for the margrave of
All of these choices
The Four Seasons by Vivaldi
All of these choices
How many movements does a typical concerto have
three
A toccata is
a free sounding virtuoso work, usually for keyboard

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MUS 101 - Test 1 Answers
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You should notice your reactions to the musical sounds you hear. True Music is necessary for physical existence False
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