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    Music Appreciation – Exam 2

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    c. basso continuo
    The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of

    a. gradual dynamic changes
    b. monophonic texture
    c. basso continuo
    d. simple singable melodies

    d. violinist
    Antonio Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso

    a. harpsichordist
    b. opera singer
    c. lutenist
    d. violinist

    b. subject
    The main theme of a fugue is called the

    a. answer
    b. subject
    c. countersubject
    d. episode

    c. music includes 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works
    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s

    a. career centered in Florence
    b. training, like Josquin’s, was in Flanders
    c. music includes 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works
    d. all of the above

    b. Leipzig
    The longest period of Bach’s professional life was spent as director of music at St. Thomas’s Church in

    a. Rome
    b. Leipzig
    c. Bakersfield
    d. Eisenach

    b. operas
    In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach’s cantatas closely resembled the ____ of the time.

    a. suites
    b. operas
    c. concertos
    d. sonatas

    b. The Catholic church was even more powerful in the Renaissance than during the Middle Ages.
    Which of the following statements is not true of the Renaissance?

    a. Education was considered a status symbol by aristocrats and the upper middle class.
    b. The Catholic church was even more powerful in the Renaissance than during the Middle Ages.
    c. Every educated person was expected to be trained in music.
    d. Musical activity gradually shifted from the church to the court.

    d. one to eight instruments
    The sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for

    a. a solo instrument
    b. three solo instruments
    c. two to four instruments
    d. one to eight instruments

    a. overture
    An ____________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work or opera.

    a. overture
    b. aria
    c. opera
    d. opening

    c. polyphonic instrumental composition employing imitation
    The ricercar is a

    a. dancelike song for several singers
    b. polyphonic choral work set to a vernacular text
    c. polyphonic instrumental composition employing imitation
    d. homophonic instrumental composition

    c. suites
    Sets of dance-inspired instrumental movements are called

    a. sonatas
    b. concertos
    c. suites
    d. cantatas

    c. it gives a solo role to the harpsichord
    Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 is unusual in that

    a. it consists of a single movement
    b. it consists of four movements
    c. it gives a solo role to the harpsichord
    d. the first movement is not in ritornello form

    c. was dancelike in character and was intended for court performance
    The sonata du camera

    a. was written for solo instrument and continuo
    b. had a dignified character and was suitable for sacred performance
    c. was dancelike in character and was intended for court performance
    d. was usually written for a capella chorus

    b. deliberations of the Council of Trent
    An attempt was made to purify Catholic Church music as a result of the

    a. founding of the Jesuit order in 1540
    b. deliberations of the Council of Trent
    c. complaints of Desiderius Erasmus
    d. music of Palestrina

    d. all of the above
    The Renaissance may be described as an age of

    a. curiosity and individualism
    b. exploration and adventure
    c. the “rebirth” of human creativity
    d. all of the above

    c. the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitch levels
    Melodic sequence refers to

    a. a composition by Vivaldi
    b. a preferred method of tuning an instrument
    c. the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitch levels
    d. the pedagogical steps in learning to play an instrument

    b. Early Baroque
    One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the

    a. Renaissance
    b. Early Baroque
    c. Late Baroque
    d. Romantic

    a. operas
    Although Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music, the core of his huge output consists of English oratorios and Italian

    a. operas
    b. songs
    c. chorales
    d. madrigals

    b. All twelve of Monteverdi’s operas are regularly performed in Europe and America.
    Which of the following statements is not true?

    a. Monteverdi’s Orfeo, written in 1607, is considered to be the earliest operatic masterpiece.
    b. All twelve of Monteverdi’s operas are regularly performed in Europe and America.
    c. Monteverdi creates variety in Orfeo by using many kinds of music, combining recitatives, arias, duets, choruses, and instrumental interludes into one dramatic whole.
    d. Monteverdi’s works form a musical bridge between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and greatly influenced composers of the time.

    a. elaborate and ornamental
    Baroque melodies often are

    a. elaborate and ornamental
    b. easy to sing and remember
    c. impossible to play
    d. short and simple

    d. late Baroque
    Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ______________ period.

    a. early Renaissance
    b. early Baroque
    c. late Renaissance
    d. late Baroque

    d. the publication in London of a volume of translated Italian madrigals
    The development of the English madrigal can be traced to 1588 and considered a result of

    a. the Spanish armada
    b. a decree by Queen Elizabeth
    c. the writings of Shakespeare
    d. the publication in London of a volume of translated Italian madrigals

    a. one basic mood
    A baroque musical composition usually expresses ___________within the same movement.

    a. one basic mood
    b. a wide variety of moods
    c. constantly changing moods
    d. none of above

    a. chorale prelude
    A __________ is a short instrumental composition based on a hymn tune that reminds the congregation of the hymn’s melody.

    a. chorale prelude
    b. fugue
    c. cantata
    d. chorale

    c. an insistent rhythmic drive
    Bach achieves unity of mood in his compositions by using

    a. homophonic texture
    b. musical symbolism
    c. an insistent rhythmic drive
    d. simple melodic ideas

    b. chorale
    The _______ is a Lutheran congregational hymn tune.

    a. cantata
    b. chorale
    c. chorale prelude
    d. recitative

    Which of the following statements is not true?

    a. Bach’s church music uses operatic forms such as the aria and recitative.
    b. Bach was recognized as the most eminent composer of his day.
    c. Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except opera.
    d. Bach’s music is unique for its combination of rich harmony and polyphonic texture.

    George Frideric Handel was born in 1685, the same year as

    a. Johann Sebastian Bach
    b. Arcangelo Corelli
    c. Mick Jagger
    d. Antonio Vivaldi

    a. violin
    The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ____________ family.

    a. violin
    b. woodwind
    c. brass
    d. percussion

    a. cantata
    A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the

    a. cantata
    b. chorale prelude
    c. concerto grosso
    d. sonata

    a. Italy
    Josquin Desprez spent much of his life in

    a. Italy
    b. Spain
    c. Germany
    d. the Netherlands

    a. fast, slow, fast
    The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are

    a. fast, slow, fast
    b. fast, fast, slow
    c. slow, fast, slow
    d. slow, slow, fast

    a. particular style in the arts
    Modern historians use the term baroque to indicate a

    a. particular style in the arts
    b. period of decline in the arts
    c. class of musical instruments that no longer function
    d. scientific movement popular in the seventeenth century

    b. Venice
    Antonio Vivaldi is closely identified with the musical life of

    a. Rome
    b. Venice
    c. Florence
    d. Los Angeles

    d. 450
    Vivaldi wrote approximately _________ concerti grossi and solo concertos.

    a. 10
    b. 30
    c. 95
    d. 450

    a. unaccompanied choral music
    A cappella refers to

    a. unaccompanied choral music
    b. men taking their hats off in church
    c. singing in a hushed manner because one is in church
    d. an Italian pasta dish

    d. the melody usually moves along a scale with few large leaps
    Renaissance melodies are usually easy to sing because

    a. the level of musicianship in the Renaissance was not very high, so easy music was composed
    b. the music was mostly homophonic, so that one could sing it with a group
    c. there was a sharply defined beat, which kept the performers together
    d. the melody usually moves along a scale with few large leaps

    b. Josquin spent most of his life in the province of Quebec, today a part of Belgium.
    Which of the following statements is not true?

    a. Josquin’s compositions strongly influenced other composers, and were enthusiastically praised by music lovers.
    b. Josquin spent most of his life in the province of Quebec, today a part of Belgium.
    c. Josquin’s compositions include masses, motets, and secular vocal pieces.
    d. Josquin’s Ave Maria uses polyphonic imitation, a technique typical of the period.

    c. both a and b
    A madrigal, like a motet, is a vocal composition that combines homophonic and polyphonic textures; but it differs from the motet in that it

    a. uses a vernacular rather than Latin text
    b. more often uses word painting and unusual harmonies
    c. both a and b
    d. None of the above

    d. oratorio
    A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called

    a. chorale
    b. aria
    c. recitative
    d. oratorio

    b. episodes
    Transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubject are called

    a. answers
    b. episodes
    c. preludes
    d. strettos

    d. tutti
    The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the

    a. concertino
    b. orchestra
    c. soloists
    d. tutti

    a. opera
    Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except the

    a. opera
    b. concerto
    c. fugue
    d. sonata

    a. aria
    A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called

    a. aria
    b. duet
    c. ensemble
    d. solo

    d. 1600-1750
    Baroque style flourished in music during the period

    a. 1000-1250
    b. 1250-1450
    c. 1450-1600
    d. 1600-1750

    b. waltz
    Which of the following is not a part of the baroque suite?

    a. allemande
    b. waltz
    c. sarabande
    d. gigue

    b. polyphonic
    The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly

    a. monophonic
    b. polyphonic
    c. homophonic
    d. heterophonic

    a. movement
    A section that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition is called a

    a. movement
    b. phrase
    c. song
    d. sentence

    c. Venice
    Andrea Gabrieli, an important Renaissance composer, was organist at St. Mark’s Cathedral in

    a. Rome
    b. Florence
    c. Venice
    d. Vienna

    b. opera
    An ________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action.

    a. overture
    b. opera
    c. aria
    d. ensemble

    a. Italy
    The Renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in

    a. Italy
    b. France
    c. England
    d. Flanders

    c. dancing
    Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for

    a. the concert hall
    b. religious worship
    c. dancing
    d. the piano

    c. recitative
    __________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.

    a. aria
    b. duet
    c. recitative
    d. ensemble

    b. chorus
    The _______ in an oratorio is especially important and serves either to comment on or to participate in the drama.

    a. drummer
    b. chorus
    c. orchestra
    d. vocal soloist

    Vivaldi wrote concertos

    a. only for string instruments
    b. only for violins with continuo
    c. for a great variety of instruments
    d. only for keyboard instruments

    b. Well-Tempered Clavier
    A collection of twice twenty-four preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach’s

    a. Art of the Fugue
    b. Well-Tempered Clavier
    c. St. Matthew Passion
    d. Brandenburg Concertos

    b. it is set for six voices instead of four
    Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass sounds fuller than Josquin’s Ave Maria because

    a. Palestrina was a better composer
    b. it is set for six voices instead of four
    c. the recording engineer adjusted the levels differently
    d. all of the above

    d. polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass
    The Renaissance motet is a

    a. polyphonic choral composition made up of five sections
    b. piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love
    c. dancelike song for several solo voices
    d. polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass

    a. Wolfgang A. Mozart
    All of the following were major baroque composers except

    a. Wolfgang A. Mozart
    b. Claudio Monteverdi
    c. Antonio Vivaldi
    d. Arcangelo Corelli

    b. favored homophonic texture
    The early and late baroque periods differed in that composers in the early baroque

    a. favored polyphonic texture
    b. favored homophonic texture
    c. used extremely complex harmonies
    d. favored purely instrumental music

    c. a high-class servant with few personal rights
    The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of

    a. a free agent working on commissions
    b. an equal to the nobility, based on merit
    c. a high-class servant with few personal rights
    d. a low-class wandering minstrel

    c. 1450 and 1600
    The Renaissance in music occurred between

    a. 1000 and 1150
    b. 1150 and 1450
    c. 1450 and 1600
    d. 1600 and 1750

    a. basso continuo
    A bass part together with numbers (figures) that specify the chords to be played above it, characteristic of the baroque, is called

    a. basso continuo
    b. harpsichord
    c. basso profundo
    d. counterpoint

    c. Italy
    Oratorios first appeared in

    a. Germany
    b. England
    c. Italy
    d. France

    a. a narrator’s recitatives
    Pieces of an oratorio are usually connected together by means of

    a. a narrator’s recitatives
    b. choruses
    c. duets
    d. arias

    d. Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for church use.
    Which of the following statements regarding the Renaissance is not true?

    a. Secular vocal music was written for groups of solo voices and for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment.
    b. Secular music contained more rapid changes of mood than sacred music.
    c. A wealth of dance music published during the sixteenth century has survived.
    d. Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for church use.

    d. all of the above
    Castrati

    a. received the highest fees of any musicians
    b. combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman
    c. were male singers who had been castrated before puberty
    d. all of the above

    b. ritornello
    The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ________ form.

    a. sonata
    b. ritornello
    c. theme and variations
    d. ternary

    c. work
    The abbreviation op. stands for opus, Latin for

    a. a cartoon character
    b. Spring
    c. work
    d. opulent

    c. because it used secular tunes, noisy instruments, and theatrical singing
    The Council of Trent attacked the church music of the Renaissance because it

    a. was tiresomely monophonic
    b. was based on Gregorian chant
    c. because it used secular tunes, noisy instruments, and theatrical singing
    d. all of the above

    d. all of the above
    The music director of a court in the baroque period

    a. supervised and directed the musical performances
    b. composed much of the music required
    c. was responsible for the discipline of the other musicians
    d. all of the above

    b. Johann Sebastian Bach
    The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and

    a. Ludwig Van Beethoven
    b. Johann Sebastian Bach
    c. Orlando Bloom
    d. Galileo Galilei

    d. all of the above
    During the Renaissance every educated person was expected to

    a. read musical notation
    b. play a musical instrument
    c. be skilled in dance
    d. all of the above

    a. an oratorio
    George Frideric Handel’s Messiah is an example of

    a. an oratorio
    b. an opera
    c. a musical
    d. a rap song

    b. piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love
    The Renaissance madrigal is a

    a. polyphonic choral composition made up of five sections
    b. piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love
    c. dancelike song for several solo voices
    d. polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text

    d. all of the above
    While at Leipzig, Bach

    a. taught organ and composition, gave recitals, and was often asked to judge the quality of organs
    b. was responsible for the musical education of some fifty-five students in the St. Thomas school
    c. rehearsed, conducted, and usually composed an extended work for chorus, soloists and orchestra for each Sunday and holiday of the church year
    d. all of the above

    d. naturalistic
    The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following except

    a. elaborately ornamented
    b. flamboyant
    c. bizarre
    d. naturalistic

    c. repeated rhythmic patterns
    The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by

    a. a sexy text
    b. complex harmonic progressions
    c. repeated rhythmic patterns
    d. the high dynamic level

    b. Instrumental music became more important than vocal music during the Renaissance.
    Which of the following statements is not true of Renaissance music?

    a. The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly polyphonic.
    b. Instrumental music became more important than vocal music during the Renaissance.
    c. The Renaissance period is sometimes called “the golden age” of a cappella choral music because the music did not need instrumental accompaniment.
    d. Renaissance composers often used word painting, a musical representation of specific poetic images.

    b. England
    Handel spent the major portion of his life in

    a. Germany
    b. England
    c. Italy
    d. Ireland

    d. motet
    The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the

    a. Kyrie
    b. cantata
    c. madrigal
    d. motet

    c. 1680
    By about _______, major or minor scales were the tonal basis of most compositions.

    a. 1500
    b. 1600
    c. 1680
    d. 1750

    A versatile plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear, popular during the Renaissance, was the
    Select one:
    a. trumpet
    b. recorder
    c. lute
    d. shawm
    a. word painting
    Thomas Weelkes’s As Vesta Was Descending is notable for its

    a. word painting
    b. completely homophonic texture
    c. instrumental accompaniment
    d. monophonic texture

    d. pass a difficult examination
    To get a job, a musician had to

    a. be the son of a musician
    b. go to a conservatory for thorough training
    c. marry the retiring musician’s daughter
    d. pass a difficult examination

    b. Rome
    Palestrina’s career centered in

    a. the Netherlands
    b. Rome
    c. Naples
    d. Florence

    Bach was recognized as the most eminent ___________ of his day.

    a. organist
    b. composer
    c. violinist
    d. cellist

    d. conductor
    The _________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices.

    a. prima donna
    b. prompter
    c. concertmaster
    d. conductor

    c. humanism
    The dominant intellectual movement of the Renaissance was called

    a. feudalism
    b. classicism
    c. humanism
    d. paganism

    b. organist
    In addition to being a composer and opera impresario, Handel was a virtuoso

    a. guitarist
    b. organist
    c. cellist
    d. trumpeter

    b. Flanders
    Many prominent Renaissance composers, who held important posts all over the continent, came from an area of Europe known at that time as

    a. Great Britain
    b. Flanders
    c. Spain
    d. Scandinavia

    d. all of the above
    Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because

    a. composers considered the harmonic effect of chords rather than superimposing one melody above another
    b. the bass register is used for the first time
    c. the typical choral piece has four, five, or six voice parts of nearly equal melodic interest
    d. all of the above

    b. terraced dynamics
    Baroque dynamics consisted mainly of sudden alterations between loud and soft called

    a. cantus firmus
    b. terraced dynamics
    c. basso continuo
    d. basso ostinato

    a. Oratorios first appeared in England.
    Which of the following statements is not true?

    a. Oratorios first appeared in England.
    b. Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes.
    c. An oratorio is a large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text.
    d. The first oratorios were based on stories from the Bible.

    a. French overture
    Baroque suites frequently begin with a

    a. French overture
    b. bourree
    c. allemande
    d. gigue

    b. libretto
    The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work (opera) is called the

    a. text
    b. libretto
    c. tablature
    d. score

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