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    Music Appreciation Test 2 Study Guide

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    The word “baroque” has at various times meant all of the following except
    naturalistic
    Modern historians use the term “baroque” to indicate
    a particular style in the arts
    All of the following were baroque painters except
    Isaac Newton
    Baroque painters exploited their materials to expand the potential of ____ to create totally structured worlds.
    All answers are correct: color, ornament and detail, depth
    Baroque style flourished in music during the period
    1600-1750
    The baroque, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years
    1600-1750
    The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and
    Johann Sebastian Bach
    All of the following were major baroque composers except
    Wolfgang A. Mozart
    Which of the following statements is not true?
    A. Baroque art is a complex mixture of rationalism, sensuality, materialism and spirituality.
    B. The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.
    C. Early baroque composers favored homophonic texture over the polyphonic texture typical of Renaissance music.
    D. Regardless of form, baroque music features contrasts between bodies of sound.
    B. The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.
    One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the
    early baroque
    The early baroque was characterized by
    homophonic texture
    The early baroque period spanned the years
    1600-1640
    Monteverdi, an early baroque composer, strove to create music that was
    passionate and dramatic
    The early and late baroque periods differed in that composers in the early baroque
    favored homophonic texture
    The middle baroque was characterized by
    a diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe
    The middle baroque period spanned the years
    1640-1690
    Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the ________ family.
    violin
    By about _______, major or minor scales were the tonal basis of most compositions.
    1680
    Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ________ period.
    late baroque
    The late baroque period spanned the years
    1690-1750
    Affections in baroque usage refers to
    emotional states or moods of music
    A baroque musical composition usually expresses _________ within the same movement.
    one basic mood
    The baroque principle of _______ may be temporarily suspended in vocal music when drastic changes of emotion in a text inspires corresponding changes in the music.
    unity of mood
    The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by
    repeated rhythmic patterns
    Baroque melodies often are
    elaborate and ornamental
    Baroque melodies give the impression of
    dynamic expansion
    Melodic sequence refers to
    the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitches
    A characteristic often found in baroque melodies is
    a short opening phrase followed by a longer phrase with an unbroken flow of rapid notes
    Terraced dynamics refers to
    the sudden alteration from one dynamic level to another
    In the baroque era, dynamics consisted mainly of sudden alterations between loud and soft called
    terraced dynamics
    The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the
    harpsichord
    A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the
    clavichord
    The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of
    basso continuo
    A bass part together with numbers (figures) that specify the chords to be played above it is called
    basso continuo
    The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ________ family.
    violin
    The word “movement” in music normally refers to
    a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition
    Which of the following statements is not true?
    A. A large courrt during the baroque period might employ more than 80 performers, including the finest opera singers of the day.
    B. Audiences in the baroque period were most anxious to hear old familiar favorites, and did not care for new music.
    C. In Italy, music schools were often connected with orphanages.
    D. Church musicians in the baroque period earned lower pay and had less status than court musicians.
    B. Audiences in the baroque period were most anxious to hear old familiar favorites, and did not care for new music.
    A large court during the baroque period might employ about ________ performers.
    80
    The music director of a baroque court was usually not responsible for
    publicity in reaching an audience
    Frederick the Great, king of Prussia, was a
    All answers are correct: flutist, general, composer
    The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of
    a high-class servant with few personal rights
    In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen’s opportunities for hearing music usually came from the
    church
    In Italy, music schools were often connected with
    orphanages
    To get a job, a musician had to
    pass a difficult examination
    A concerto grosso most often has ______ movement(s).
    three
    The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the
    tutti
    The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are
    fast, slow, fast
    The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in _____ form.
    ritornello
    Which of the following statements are not true?
    A. A concerto grosso normally involves two to four soloists, and anywhere from eight to twenty or more musicians for the tutti.
    B. A concerto grosso persents a contrast of texture between the tutti and the soloists, who assert their individuality and appeal for attention through brilliant and fanciful melodic lines.
    C. A concerto grosso normally involves a large group of soloists accompanied by an equal number of supporting players.
    D. The first and last movements of a concerto grossi are often in ritornello form, a form that features the alteration between tutti and solo selections.
    C. A concerto grosso normally involves a large group of soloists accompanied by an equal number of supporting players.
    The solo instruments in Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the _______, violin and harpsichord.
    flute
    Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 is unusual in that
    it gives a solo role to the harpsichord
    A musical ornament consisting of the rapid alteration of two tones that are a whole of half step apart is a
    trill
    A polyphonic composition based on one main theme is the
    fugue
    The main theme of a fugue is called the
    subject
    When the subject of a fugue is presented in the dominant scale, it is called the
    answer
    In many figures, the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another voice by a different melodic idea called a(n)
    countersubject
    Transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubject are called
    episodes
    ________ is a musical procedure in which a fugue subject is imitated before it is completed.
    stretto
    A _______ is a single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it.
    pedal point
    Turning the subject of a fugue upside down, or reversing the direction of each interval, is called
    inversion
    Presenting the subject of a fugue from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called
    retrograde
    Presenting the subject of a fugue in lengthened time values is called
    augmentation
    Presenting the subject of a fugue in shortened time values is called
    diminution
    Very often an independent fugue is introduced by a short piece called a(n)
    prelude
    An _________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes and action.
    opera
    The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the
    libretto
    Which of the following statements is not true?
    A. The terms ensemble and chorus are synonymous.
    B. Voice categories in opera are divided more finely than in other musical genres.
    C. Operas may contain spoken dialogue, but most are sung entirely.
    D. Opera soloists must create a wide variety of characters, and so need acting skills as well as vocal artistry.
    A. The terms ensemble and chorus are synonymous.
    A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called a/an
    aria
    ________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.
    recitative
    A _________ is a singer with a low range who usually takes comic roles.
    basso buffo
    A _________ is a singer with a very low range and powerful voice, who usually takes roles calling for great dignity.
    basso profundo
    A(n) _________ is a musical number for two solo voices with orchestral accompaniment.
    duet
    A(n) ___________ is an operatic number involving three or more leading singers.
    ensemble
    The ____________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices.
    conductor
    An ____________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work.
    overture
    Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the
    music of the ancient Greek tragedies
    The members of the Camerata wanted the vocal line of their music to follow
    the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech
    Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and
    ancient history
    Which of the following statements are not true?
    A. Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and ancient history.
    B. The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks.
    C. The members of the Florentine Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style modeled on the music of ancient Greek tragedy.
    D. Polyphonic was rejected by the members of the Florentine Camerata because different words sounding simultaneously would obscure the text.
    B. The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks.
    The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone with the price of admission opened in 1637 in
    Venice
    The earliest opera that has been preserved is Jacopo Peri’s
    Euridice
    The stage machinery of baroque opera
    bordered on the colossal

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    Music Appreciation Test 2 Study Guide. (2017, Aug 28). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/music-appreciation-test-2-study-guide-7407/

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