Is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, a philosophy, and a system of psychology
Between 230 and 500 people in the world are Buddhists, it is the fifth-largest religion in the world
Three parts; Theravada [Southeast Asia]; Mahayana [Eastern Asia]; Vajrayana [Northern Asia]
Buddha is anyone who is awakened from the “sleep of ignorance”, it is not only Siddhartha Gautama. The awakening is called bodhi
Four Noble Truths; 1) Suffering 2) The cause of suffering 3) The cessation of suffering 4) The way leading to the cessation of suffering
The Noble Eightfold Path; 1) Right Speech 2) Right Actions 3) Right Livelihood 4) Right Effort 5) Right Mindfulness 6) Right Concentrations 7) Right Thoughts 8) Right Understanding
The Three Jewels; 1) The Buddha 2) The Dharma 3) The Sangha
The Five Precepts; 1) To refrain from taking life 2) To refrain from taking what is not given 3) To refrain from sensual misconduct 4) To refrain from lying 5) To refrain from intoxicants
The Eight Precepts; 6) To refrain from eating at the wrong time 7) To refrain from dancing, using jewellery, going to shows 8) To refrain from using a high, luxurious bed.
Originated on the Indian subcontinent following Gautama Buddha
Early art Followed the Indian aniconic tradition, which avoids direct representation of the human figure.
Buddhist art followed believers as the dharma spread, adapted, and evolved into each country
During the 2nd century BCE, sculptures became more explicit, representing Buddha’s life and teachings.
Buddha was never represented in human form, only through symbols
Originated in the Indian subcontinent
Has no known founder
Third largest religion; a billion adherents, 890 million of them live in India
Beliefs and Practices; reincarnation; Moksha Karma; Puia; Maya Samsara; Dharma Vedanta; Yoga; Ayurveda Yuga; Vedetarianism Bhakti
Scriptures; Upanisheds; Vedas Brahmana; Bhagayad Gita Ramayana; Mahabharata Purana; Aranyaka Shikshapatri; Vachanamrut
Hindus believe in one god that has many forms
God is called Brahman
According to Hindu texts, the principle of Brahman is; “Brahman is Knowlege”; “The Self is Brahman”; “I am the Brahman”; “You are that”; “All this that we see in the world is Brahman”; “Brahaman is existence, consciousness, and bliss”.
The Four Pursuits of Life; 1) kama (desire for sensual pleasure) 2) artha (acquisition of wordly possessions of money) 3) dharma (observance of personal, societal and religious duties) 4) moksha (liberation achieved through God-realization)