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    Fashion 120

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    this garment was made of a length of woven material or animal skin. It was typically folded in half, sewn up the sides with a slit for a neck opening.
    loin cloth-general
    loin cloth-general
    This was made of cloth or fur and designed to cover the genital areas.
    This was a piece of fabric or fur, thrown or arranged around the shoulders.
    This was a tie or belt-like article worn to support and/or arrange the design of the garment. It was also used for utilitarian purposes, e.g. to hold a knife. Often the girdle could be very decorative.
    schenti (loincloth)-eqyptian
    skirt for a man rectangular cloth wrapped around lower torso of man higher class would be pleated lower would be plain
    draw attention to genital area the wealthier you are the bigger it is the more jewels
    could have sleeves similar to sheath
    straps “ps straps”
    gala gown/gala skirt-eqyptian
    gala gowns women gala skirts men gala=highly goffered
    false beard (made out of wool) worn by royalty. started by female to achieve power
    Kohl (made of galena, a sulfide of lead) used for eyes. Green and black substances were used, but kohl was black.
    wool skirt wrapped around torso started as sheep skin
    trouser fitted at ankle area
    cotton or silk, ankle-length, long-sleeved robe
    (pancho) rectangular fabric 4 tassles long dress like. worn by priests
    bolero jacket-cretan
    bolero jacket-cretan
    woman’s short, cropped jacket or vest, often with a rounded cutaway front
    tiered skirt-cretan
    tiered skirt-cretan
    Women skirt had a basic bell shape with at least three different variations in form, smooth, with a series of ruffles.
    A Greek tunic, the essential (and often only) garment of both men and women, the other being the himation, or mantle.
    decorative pins to hold a stola or other garments
    cloak warn over shoulder, wool or leather
    An undergarment worn by women and girls designed to mold the lower torso and hips.
    An ancient Greek mantle worn by men and women over the chiton and draped in various ways.
    greek hat worn for protection against weather. known as the traveling hat
    phrygian cap-greek
    phrygian cap-greek
    Caps that symbolized freed Roman slaves in Roman era
    Greek, female, hat perched on top of the head to keep the sun off, made of woven straw, looks like a hershey kiss
    a laced boot reaching halfway or more to the knee; a tragedy resembling ancient Greek drama
    a crown-like jewelled headdress worn by women on formal occasions
    the traditional garment of Greek women; a sleeveless typically ankle-length tunic formed from a single squarish piece of wool/ generally worn pinned at the shoulders and belted.
    a long garment, descending to the ankles, worn by Roman women
    is the main garment for early christian & byzantine clothing for men and women. tunic.
    stripes from Roman dress on either side of the tunic from hem to shoulder seam, gradually shortening to chest level.
    form of wrap (their toga)
    Roman outer robe
    defensive armor for the torso.
    tunic like for man
    worn over tunic
    a large white or purple cloak similar to the greek chlamys, worn by emperors or generals
    (usually in the plural) a garment extending from the waist to the knee or ankle, covering each leg separately
    large square decoration in contrasting colors and fabric
    decoration on the tunic can be on the shoulder or randomly placed circular or square
    long narrow jewled band evolves from toga ( because toga considered pagan
    a long dress worn by women
    A knee length garment buttoned down the front to with a low waist always belted at the hip
    a coat worn over a knight’s armor
    high waisted, v necked floor length gown with either tight or wide sleeves
    a shoulder cape,often with hanging ends
    a man’s close-fitting jacket
    chain mail-medieval
    chain mail-medieval
    (Middle Ages) flexible armor made of interlinked metal rings
    loose fitting breeches fastened at the waist with a belt
    medieval armor of mail for the legs and feet
    a loose shirt or tunic of the Middle Ages
    A long scarf or cord attached to and hanging from a hood.
    skull cap-medieval
    Plastic head-shaped covering to give appearance of baldness
    a garment that covers the head and face
    hat with strap
    a cloth worn on the head by medieval women.
    special pleated hat worn only by chefs
    reticulated headdress-medieval
    women braided their hair at the sides and coiled gold thread around in a decorative fashion.
    woman’s exaggerated pointed hat
    A type of hennin style headdress that covers the head with a padded roll in a heart shape at the temples, richly brocaded fabric, sometimes like two horns with veil of fine lawn
    shoe with very long points, longer the point, more noble
    a clog, sandal, or overshoe with a thick wooden sole
    women’s high platform shoes
    sewing together sections of different colored fabrics within one garment
    Men’s continuing fashion that becomes more ornate at this time with techniques such as slashing.
    Worn over the doublet, usually had short puffed sleeves at the arm and sometimes had no sleeves.
    peascod jacket-renaissance
    Men’s jacket that is stuffed in the front to give of the appearance of a heavier set, because fat accumulation signified wealth and being well-fed.
    small garment worn over shirt, no sleeves
    wings or puffs-renaissance
    Male/ female trend regarding how sleeves were attached. Puffs were stuffed. Wings were not stuffed.
    Lace or cotton
    trunk hose-renaissance
    short, full pants reaching about halfway down the thigh
    pumpkin breeches-renaissance
    pumpkin breeches-renaissance
    padded pants, shaped like pumpkins, with panes [Elizabethan]
    Lower leg garment worn by men that fall beneath the knee, therefor longer than canions.
    pouch of fabric laced into the crotch of men’s hose to cover genitals
    Metal tips on strings used to tie pieces of garment together
    slits cut in the outer garments, wore bright colors underneath
    spanish blackwork-renaissance
    spanish blackwork-renaissance
    The most common form of embroidered edges
    worn as a coat
    worn by women
    a low neckline on a garment or a garment with a low neckline
    Female undergarment (1st garment put on). Could be high or low.
    a woman’s close-fitting foundation garment
    a skirt or slip worn as an undergarment
    a precautionary measure warding off impending danger or damage or injury etc.
    a hoop worn beneath a skirt to extend it horizontally
    bum roll-renaissance
    padded roll placed around waist to support dress
    type of cap
    flaps that come down on the side of the ears.
    gable hood-renaissance
    gable hood-renaissance
    A hood of a headpiece that has an architectural peak which frames the face.
    Mary Stuart cap-renaissance
    Mary Stuart cap-renaissance
    covered hair and met in middle of forehead with tip pointing upwards
    la ferroniere-renaissance
    la ferroniere-renaissance
    A women’s headpiece that is a band which ties around the forehead, or brim of the skull.
    An accessorie worn on the belt as a purse
    an armored or protective glove; a challenge; two lines of men armed with weapons with which to beat a person forced to run between them; an ordeal
    rochet-17th Century
    a white ecclesiastical garment resembling a surplice worn especially by bishops and privileged prelates.
    brandenburgs-17th Century
    brandenburgs-17th Century
    mans short saclike doublebreasted wrapper edged in fur
    pantaloni/breeches-17th Century
    pantaloon trousers
    rhinegraves/petticoat breeches-17th Century
    rhinegraves/petticoat breeches-17th Century
    religious petticoat, womans underskirt
    baldric-17th Century
    a wide (ornamented) belt worn over the right shoulder to support a sword or bugle by the left hip
    falling band and band strings-17th Century
    falling band and band strings-17th Century
    flat, large lace collar, men and women
    galants-17th Century
    loops of ribbon wound and used on sleeves, bodices, skirts, and pants
    rabat-18th Century
    mens shoes
    jabot-18th Century
    jabot-18th Century
    An ornamental frill or ruffle on the front of a shirt or blouse, typically made of lace.
    cravat-18th Century
    cravat-18th Century
    A band or scarf worn around the neck
    steinkirk-18th Century
    a cravat with long hanging ends loosely twisted or looped together and worn esp. in the 18th century by men and women
    cassocks-18th Century
    cassocks-18th Century
    A full-length garment of a single color worn by certain Christian clergy
    manteaux-18th Century
    manteaux-18th Century
    a loose cloak, coat, or robe, A loose gown or cloak worn by women
    bucket boots-18th Century
    bucket boots-18th Century
    Thigh-high riding boot with cup-shaped wide top, square toes and higher heels than the jackboot
    manteau-18th Century
    overskirt, gathers in the back, like a bustle, low neckline [Restoration]
    vertugadin/farthingale-18th Century
    A hooped petticoat or circular pad of fabric around the hips, worn under women’s skirts to extend and shape them
    stomacher-18th Century
    stomacher-18th Century
    A V-shaped piece of decorative cloth, worn over the chest and stomach in the 16th century
    false/hanging sleeve-18th Century
    unbuttoned lower part of sleeves which hang down, sometimes to ankle length
    justaucorps-18th Century
    a fitted, knee-length coat, characterized by wide turned-back cuffs and stiff flared skirts, worn especially by men in the 17th and 18th centuries.
    fichu-18th Century
    fichu-18th Century
    a woman’s kerchief or shawl, generally triangular in shape, worn draped over the shoulders or around the neck with the ends drawn together on the breast.
    medici collar-18th Century
    medici collar-18th Century
    A fan-shaped (especially lace) collar, standing upright behind the head and sloping down to meet a square neckline in front.
    berta collar-18th Century
    Nine to 18 inches of fabric or lace attached all around neckline (or yoke). May or may not reveal the shoulders
    echelle-18th Century
    Stomachers were covered with ribbons, or eschelles
    pinners-18th Century
    a woman’s cap with two long flaps pinned on
    palatine, pelerines, tippet-18th Century
    palatine, pelerines, tippet-18th Century
    A woman’s cape of lace or silk with pointed ends at the center front
    perruque, periwig-18th Century
    A highly styled wig worn formerly as a fashionable headdress by both women and men
    cadenette or lovelock-18th Century
    A curl of hair worn on the temple or forehead.
    fontange-18th Century
    A fontange is the name of a headdress popular in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries in France
    postilion-18th Century
    kind of woman’s hat
    patches-18th Century
    A piece of cloth or other material used to mend or strengthen a torn or weak point
    earstring-18th Century
    bayeux lace-18th Century
    A fontange is the name of a headdress popular in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries in France
    muff/muffetees-18th Century
    A tube made of fur or other warm material into which the hands are placed for warmth.
    gauntlets-18th Century
    gauntlets-18th Century
    A stout glove with a long loose wrist.
    Vest or Waistcoat-18th Century
    Vest or Waistcoat-18th Century
    During the 17th century, a sleeved garment worn under the coat of similar length. It was introduced by Charles II and was thought to come from Persia.
    Frock Coat-18th Century
    Frock Coat-18th Century
    a man’s coat having knee-length skirts front and back
    Redingote-18th Century
    Redingote-18th Century
    double-breasted man’s coat, open-fronted, lightweight woman’s coat
    Neckcloth-18th Century
    Neckcloth-18th Century
    square or rectangular folded into triangles – wrapped around several times and tie
    Ramille Wig-18th Century
    very full, curly, shoulder length
    Bag Wig-18th Century
    A wig, with the hair at the back of the head in a bag.
    Solitaire-18th Century
    A type of toupee with a hairbag attached at the back, underneath a big bow.
    Tricorne-18th Century
    Tricorne-18th Century
    cocked hat with the brim turned up to form three points, feathered [Restoration]
    Gaiters-18th Century
    Gaiters-18th Century
    A heavy cloth or leather covering for the leg extending from the instep to the ankle or knee
    Spatterdashes-18th Century
    Spatterdashes-18th Century
    Long leggings of leather, canvas, or cloth, worn from 17th C onwards as protection from mud-splashing in riding and walking.
    Watteau Gown-18th Century
    Watteau Gown-18th Century
    long unfitted dress with box pleats at upper back that fall into a train
    Robe Francaise-18th Century
    Robe Francaise-18th Century
    French dress composed of three parts: robe, stomacher and petticoat
    Robe Anglais-18th Century
    Robe Anglais-18th Century
    dress full skirt
    Polonaise-18th Century
    Polonaise-18th Century
    an overdress and petticoat in which the overskirt was puffed and looped by means of tapes and rings sewn into the skirt.
    Robe Redingote-18th Century
    Robe Redingote-18th Century
    Dresses open in front to show an underskirt or with a front gore of contrasting material, with collar and lapels and long sleeves. Bodice may be double-breasted and high-waisted
    Levite Gown-18th Century
    another term for redingote gown
    Panier-18th Century
    Panier-18th Century
    collapsible boned basket that supported the skirt on either side of the hips
    Falbala-18th Century
    Falbala-18th Century
    a flounce or trimming for a woman’s garment–petticoat, apron, or scarf
    Pagoda Sleeve-18th Century
    Pagoda Sleeve-18th Century
    Open sleeve which flared widely below the elbow; drew attention to lingerie under the sleeves.
    Modesty Piece-18th Century
    Modesty Piece-18th Century
    square fabric that tucks into the low V-neckline. seduction
    Pelisse-18th Century
    Pelisse-18th Century
    an outer garment lined or trimmed with fur; a woman’s long cloak with slits for the arms
    Calash-18th Century
    a bonnet to protect a women’s hair that was made of a series of of semi hoops sewn into the hood at intervals [Late Georgian]
    Handkerchief-18th Century
    Handkerchief-18th Century
    a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
    Blonde Lace-18th Century
    Blonde Lace-18th Century
    white lace
    Watch Fob-18th Century
    Watch Fob-18th Century
    Short ribbon or chain attached to a watch and hanging out of the pocket in which the watch is kept
    a la Brutus-1780 – 1800
    men’s hair worn closely cropped and unpowdered and worn disheveled or curly all over.
    hedgehog hair-1780 – 1800
    hair that is short in front and longer ringlets in the back, frizzy lookin
    Bicorne-1780 - 1800
    Bicorne-1780 – 1800
    Two cornered hat.
    Carmagnole-1780 – 1800
    short woolen or cloth jacket of dark color worn by Revolutionaries
    Phrygian Cap-1780 - 1800
    Phrygian Cap-1780 – 1800
    cap with that droops forward on top
    Fichus-1780 - 1800
    Fichus-1780 – 1800
    a small triangular shawl, worn around a woman’s shoulders and neck
    Chemise Gown-1780 - 1800
    Chemise Gown-1780 – 1800
    also know as the chemise a la reine, was made popular by Marie Antoinette, made of a light, flowing fabric. Queen criticized by public for wearing the undergarments even the public itself adopted the style
    Spencer-1780 – 1800
    a woolen outer tail-coat with the tails cut-off. It was worn as a short waist-length, double-breasted
    Reticules-1780 – 1800
    A drawstring handbag or purse
    Poke Bonnet-1780 – 1800
    A women’s hat in the shape of a hood, with a projecting visor-like brim in front worn for shade from the sun.
    Sans Culottes-1780 - 1800
    Sans Culottes-1780 – 1800
    silk knee breeches
    Muscadine-1780 – 1800
    Paris exquisites; The well dressed youth who rebelled against the sans culottes and formed gangs.
    Merveilleuse-1780 – 1800
    female fashion extremist, the marvelous ones (radical form of dress – no corsets, sheer fabrics)
    Dandy-1780 – 1800
    a man unduly devoted to style, neatness, and fashion in dress and appearance
    Incroyable-1780 – 1800
    french evolution dresses
    Beau Brummel-1780 - 1800
    Beau Brummel-1780 – 1800
    early 1800 picture of mens fashion, established a mode of wearing understated but fitted and tailored clothing, dark suits and full length trousers, adorned himself with cravats
    Cutaway Coat-1800 - 1820
    Cutaway Coat-1800 – 1820
    Fitted waist-length front with long back tails. Now worn only for formal wear. Also known as a tail coat.
    Garrick-1800 – 1820
    overcoat that had 3-5 cape collars, tabbed closings, and a quilted, stiffened, high collar
    Hessians-1800 - 1820
    Hessians-1800 – 1820
    footwear for the military, especially officers, it would become widely worn by civilians as well. The boots had a low heel, and a semi-pointed toe that made them practical for mounted troops as they allowed easy use of stirrups.
    Wellington-1800 - 1820
    Wellington-1800 – 1820
    boots developed after hessians
    Gaiters-1800 - 1820
    Gaiters-1800 – 1820
    A heavy cloth or leather covering for the leg extending from the instep to the ankle or knee
    Chapeau Braus-1800 – 1820
    hat bicorne
    Top Hat-1800 - 1820
    Top Hat-1800 – 1820
    A high crowned hat with a flat top and narrow brim. Also called Chimneypot hat, Stovepipe hat, pot hat, plug hat, silk hat; subtle differences applied to the different names.
    Claw Hammer Tails-1800 – 1820
    same as tailcoat
    Betsies-1800 – 1820
    simulated ruffs of two to six layers
    Mamelouk-1800 – 1820
    warrior full armor and armed
    Pelisse-1800 – 1820
    an outer garment lined or trimmed with fur; a woman’s long cloak with slits for the arms
    Turban-1800 - 1820
    Turban-1800 – 1820
    a traditional Muslim headdress consisting of a long scarf wrapped around the head
    Bonnet-1800 - 1820
    Bonnet-1800 – 1820
    a hat tied under the chin
    Leg-O-Mutton Sleeve-1820 - 1850
    Leg-O-Mutton Sleeve-1820 – 1850
    full at shoulder, decreasing in size to wrist ending in fitted cuff
    Tailcoat-1820 - 1850
    Tailcoat-1820 – 1850
    a man’s jacket which is short at the front and divided into two long pieces at the back, worn to very formal events
    Bertha- 1820 - 1850
    Bertha- 1820 – 1850
    wide deep collars following the neckline
    Cravat- 1820 - 1850
    Cravat- 1820 – 1850
    A band or scarf worn around the neck
    Ditto Suit-1850 - 1870
    Ditto Suit-1850 – 1870
    Suit worn by men tin the 18th century. Jacket, pants, outercoat or waistcoat were all the same color or same fabric. The more ornate fabric was usually more for full dress…the plain wool, or less formal was for more of a daytime dress
    Sack Coat-1850 - 1870
    Sack Coat-1850 – 1870
    men’s short coat cut to hang straight from the shoulder with no seam or tapered line at the waist
    Amelia Bloomer-1850 - 1870
    Amelia Bloomer-1850 – 1870
    Advocated the “bloomer costume”; short skirt with full-length pantalettes
    Knickers-1850 - 1870
    Knickers-1850 – 1870
    (usually in the plural) underpants worn by women
    Hooped Petticoat-1850 – 1870
    Petticoat shaped with boning structured to create fullness in a skirt without multiple layers.
    Raglan Coat-1850 - 1870
    Raglan Coat-1850 – 1870
    Inspired by Lord Raglan, the Raglan Coat is sewn with the sleeve extending all the way into the neckline.
    Crinoline-1850 - 1870
    Crinoline-1850 – 1870
    A petticoat of haircloth or other stiff material, worn under a full skirt to keep it belled out
    Straw Hat-1850 - 1870
    Straw Hat-1850 – 1870
    head covering made of dry stalks of grain
    Bowler-1850 - 1870
    Bowler-1850 – 1870
    a hat that is round and black and hard with a narrow brim
    Burnoose-1870 - 1890
    Burnoose-1870 – 1890
    a hooded Arabic cloak
    Fedora-1870 - 1890
    Fedora-1870 – 1890
    a low, soft felt hat with a curled brim and the crown creased lengthwise.
    Dolman Wrap-1870 – 1890
    Coat with sleeves cut in one with the body and whole tapering toward the ankles
    Inverness Cape-1870 – 1890
    A combination cloak and coat garment that does not have sleeves and is lined with silk, suitable for evening wear.
    Bustle-1870 - 1890
    Bustle-1870 – 1890
    A pad or a light frame added to the back of a dress to give it bulk.
    Cuirass Bodice-1870 - 1890
    Cuirass Bodice-1870 – 1890
    a long, slender bodice well fitted to the hips, ending at a point in the front. It was torn over a skirt where the fullness was below the hips.
    Princess Line-1870 - 1890
    Princess Line-1870 – 1890
    A gown cut in one piece with a lot of jointed panels that are fitted along the length of the garment creating fullness and shape. This cut replaces the bustle, being very fitted with a cuirass bodice and elongated by a train.
    Polonaise Style-1870 – 1890
    gown style borrowed from Polish peasants. pulled up at regular intervals for a scalloped edge. meant to be more casual
    Peplum-1870 – 1890
    a flared ruffle attached to the waistline of a dress or jacket or blouse
    Balayeuse-1870 – 1890
    a custom fabric bedding treatment applied between upper and lower mattress, touching the floor. (bed skirt), A ruffle on the inner side of the hem of a skirt or petticoat to protect it from the ground.
    Princess Dress-1870 – 1890
    A full-length dress cut in one from shoulder to waist with a number of gores and full enough in the skirt to go over a hoop. Usually it buttons up the front.
    Norfolk Jacket-1870 – 1890
    A jacket with box pleats or straps of the same material passing over the belt and extending from shoulder to hem in front and back; usually worn for sporting occasions.
    Tailored Ensemble-1870 - 1890
    Tailored Ensemble-1870 – 1890
    The introduction of tailor-made ensembles for women during this period.
    Ascot-1870 - 1890
    Ascot-1870 – 1890
    a man’s broad silk necktie
    Leg-of-Mutton-1870 – 1890
    Wide at shoulder then narrow for the remainder of the arm
    Sport Clothing-1870 - 1890
    Sport Clothing-1870 – 1890
    Women’s sport’s clothing still extremely restrictive. Waterproof clothing and swimwear are made during this period.
    Boa-1870 - 1890
    Boa-1870 – 1890
    feathered neck shall for women

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