Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture are classified either as fine arts, plastic arts, visual arts. Fine arts, as opposed to practical arts, are the products of human activity Vichy express beauty in different ways and media for our enjoyment and appreciation. Plastic arts are those developed through space and perceived by the sense Of sight. Basic Elements Of Pine Arts Fine arts have the basic elements of subject, medium, line, color, texture, volume, perspective, form and style. SUBJECT answers the question: M/hat is the work of Art about? If it is a realistic painting, the viewer sees immediately what the painting is about. Thus in Carols Franciscans ‘Kayaking’ and ‘Singing’ the subject is clearly conveyed in the painting which depicts respectively, men and women planting on a clearing and a woman ‘Bangui’ while the enfold are doing their chores. Napoleon Abuser’s sculpture “Planting Rice” shows two women bent, obviously planting rice seedlings. In modern paintings and sculptures, however, presentation is discarded and only an idea or feeling is suggested.
MEDIUM ? The materials used by the artist in creating a work of art are referred to as medium. It answers the question: ‘What is it made of? ” It also denoted the means by which an artist communicates an idea, Some of the mediums used by painters are fresco, tempera, oil and water color. Fresco – is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid lime plaster. Water is used as the vehicle for the pigment and, with the setting of the plaster he painting becomes an integral part of the wall.
Fresco may thus be contrasted with cosec mural painting techniques, on plasters of lime, earth, or gypsum, or applied to supplement painting in fresco. The fresco technique has been employed since antiquity and is closely associated With Italian Renaissance painting. Boon fresco technique consists of painting in pigment mixed with water on a thin layer Of wet, fresh (hence the name) lime mortar or plaster, for which the Italian word for plaster, intonation, is used.
Because of the chemical makeup of the plaster, a binder is not required, as the pigment mixed solely with the water will sink into the intonation, which becomes the medium holding the pigment. The pigment is absorbed by the wet plaster: after a number of hours, the plaster dries and reacts with the air: it is this chemical reaction which fixes the pigment particles in the plaster.