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    Bosch
    painter of fantastical landscapes and figures
    Jan van Eyck
    painted a portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife
    Gentile da Fabriano
    Florentine painter in the International Gothic Style
    Ambrogio Lorenzetti
    painted the “peaceful city” fresco
    Donatello
    master of relief carving and sculpture
    predella
    narrow ledge where an altarpiece rests on an altar
    chiaroscuro
    The method of contrasting lights and darks to create volume and emotion
    Fra Angelica
    artist characterized by his piety
    iconoclasm
    image breaking
    Cimabue
    artist known for Byzantine influence combined with depth and volume
    The Venus of Willendorf is a…
    Paleolithic sculpture
    What is true about the Neolithic period?
    Dwellings constructed
    What isn’t true about the Neolithic period?
    Development of weapons, domestication of the dog, and primitive writing
    The theme of patronage refers to
    the commission of a work of art
    What site is known for the first signs of town planning?
    Catal Huyuk
    The theme of propaganda refers to the
    political viewpoint
    What are the elements of the prehistoric cave paintings?
    animal subjects, women subjects, and contour lines
    The Neolithic period is categorized by
    domestication of plants and dogs
    What is typical of Islamic architecture?
    Mosque
    propaganda
    art used to deliver a political message
    Examples of warm color are
    red, yellow, and orange
    Examples of cool colors are
    blue, green, and purple
    color intensity
    the brightness or dullness of a hue
    style
    characteristics of a particular artist, period, or region
    megaliths
    great stones
    cromlech
    henge
    iconography
    image writing
    freestanding sculpture
    sculpture in the round
    axial plan
    Egyptian temple plan
    The Lion Gate is found at which complex?
    Palace at Mycenae
    What is true of Minoan painting?
    curvilinear, lively, and sophisticated
    What isn’t true of Minoan painting?
    monochromatic, passive, simple, and prehistoric
    The asymmetrical plan of the Erechtheion was most probably due to the fact that the structure
    had to incorporate existing shrines
    What is the name of the heavily columned area of an Egyptian temple?
    Hypostyle hall
    Which vase type was most often used a container for perfumed oil?
    lekythos
    The Snake Goddess sculpture belongs to which culture?
    Minoan
    What was the Treasury of Atreus?
    a beehive tomb
    Bullheaded capitals were created by what culture?
    Persian
    The Venus of Willendorf represents what dominant theme?
    Fertility
    pharaoh
    king
    hieroglyphics
    method of documentation and record keeping
    ka
    life force
    Imhotep
    first known architect
    drummed column
    column composed of staked parts
    engaged column
    decorative column that is attached to the wall
    Senmut
    chief counsel to Queen Hatshepsut
    Linear A
    early form of the Minoan system of writing
    kore
    female freestanding statuary sculpture
    meander
    common Greek motif
    What is the political message behind the Colosseum?
    It was created so the king could give back the land to the people after Nero used it for himself.
    How do Etruscan temples differ from Greek?
    three cellas
    The iconographic symbol for Saint Mark is a
    Lion
    The earliest well-preserved illuminated manuscript containing scenes from the Bible (the Vienna Genesis) dates from the
    sixth-century CE
    The Dipylon vase is from what period?
    Geometric
    The emperor portrayed in San Vitale is
    Justinian
    The iconographic symbol for Saint Matthew is an
    Angel
    Black-figure vases were most prominent during which period?
    Archaic
    What building is Ionic?
    Temple of Nike, Athens
    Who sculpted Weary Herakles?
    Lysippos
    Kallikrates
    architect of the Perthenon
    Hellenistic Period
    the unification of society through trade, learning and language
    Classical Period
    Cultural and artistic growth and prosperity
    fibula
    large safety pin
    Second Style
    an illusion of an expanded room
    Fourth Style
    framed motifs painted on monochromatic backgrounds
    Octavian
    the first ruler of the Roman Imperial Period
    Commodus
    indulgent emperor known for his chaotic reign
    sarcophagus
    stone or clay coffin
    The emperor portrayed in San Vitale is
    Justinian
    Carpet pages in manuscript illuminations are characteristic of
    Hiberno-Saxon art
    What structure was built over the spot from where Muhammad is believed to have ascended into heaven?
    Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
    Roman Second Style painting is characterized by
    illusionistic depth
    How is the Byzantine portrayal of Christ unlike the Early Christian portrayal
    a kingly persona
    How are the Byzantine and Early Christian portrayals of Christ similar?
    the presence of a halo, purple, and purple clothing
    What structure contains the portraits of Justinian and Theodora?
    San Vitale
    What emperor’s commissions reflect the influence of Classical Greek art?
    Augustus
    What are examples of basilica-plan structures?
    Old Saint Peter’s, Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, and Santa Sabina
    What are characteristics of Middle Byzantine painting?
    lacks illusionistic depth, linear, and gold backgrounds
    The Roman work known as the Pont-du-Gard is an
    aqueduct
    codex
    collection of separate sheets
    Anastasis
    resurrection
    minbar
    stepped pulpit
    madrassa
    place of study
    jamb column
    vertical element of a dorrway or window frame
    tympanum
    semicircular area enclosed by the arch above an arched entry
    perpendicular style
    vertically dominated interior space
    Giotto
    father of western pictorial painting
    What isn’t a characteristic of the sculpture of the Hellenistic period of Greek art?
    frontal
    What are characteristics of sculpture in the Hellenistic period of Greek art?
    deeply carved, dramatic, and emotional
    The shelves on which the dead were placed in Early Christian catacombs were called
    loculi
    The heel stone at Stonehedge supports the theory that the ancient structure was a
    solar calendar
    What are characteristics of Sumerian human figure compositions?
    composite perspective, oversized eyes, and stylized poses
    What isn’t a characteristic of Sumerian human figure compositions?
    shoulders in profile
    Does the High Cross of Muiredach exhibit the Animal style?
    yes
    What is true of Ancient Near Eastern ethnic groups?
    city centers built around temple complex, mud-brick used in construction, and political history is characterized by upheaval
    What culture is credited with the first system of writing known to humanity?
    Sumerians
    The influence of the Amarna period is evident in the work done for which Pharaoh?
    Tutankhamen
    Emperor Trajan commissioned the
    Forum and triumphal column
    The Ebbo Gospels can be identified by the
    energetic compositions
    What are characteristics of the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin?
    Displays absolute power of the king, king is portrayed as a divine figure, and shows hierarchy of scale
    What is true of Assyrian art?
    great emotion in human figures, ununified compositions, and a wide variety of subjects
    What isn’t a characteristic of Assyrian art?
    great emotion in animal figures
    What are dominant themes in Assyrian art?
    warfare and hunting
    What is true of the Great Sphinx?
    the colossus, in situ, and is the symbol of royal power
    Which Aegean civilization’s art was known for its lively, celebratory art?
    Minoan
    The medium for Etruscan sculptors was
    terracotta
    What style of Roman painting did the Romans borrow from the Greeks?
    First Style
    What is the chronological order for Greek vase painting types?
    Geometric, Black Figure, and Red Figure
    A cross with a circle intersecting its arms is a product of which culture?
    Celtic
    What artist reintroduced the classical principal of contrapposto?
    Donatello
    What artist, along with Ghiberti, was a finalist in the famous competition for the bronze doors of the Florence Cathedral Baptistery?
    Brunelleschi
    What work has a king approaching the god, Shamash?
    Stele of Hammurabi
    What traits characterized the International Style?
    naturalism, formal splendor, and illusionistic depth
    What figural arrangement was most popular during the Renaissance?
    pyramid
    The Baroque style is characterized by
    fluid
    Who is traditionally seen as the inventory of linear perspective?
    Brunelleschi
    The original architect of Saint Peter’s was
    Bramante
    What artist was recognized as a portrait artist?
    Holbein the Younger
    What artist is known for his dramatic compositions often filled with swirling clouds and dim lighting?
    Tintoretto
    What represents all 4 Evangelists in iconic form before their particular gospel?
    Book of Durrow
    All are true for Late Byzantine painting except
    flat figures
    Although Baroque art takes various forms, it is characterized by its attempt to…
    involve the viewer
    The term Baroque derives from the Spanish and Portuguese word meaning…
    an irregular pearl.
    In the Dutch Republic in the 17th century what became more popular?
    production of small paintings increased to decorate private homes, landscape painting, and genre scenes
    Bellini
    father of the Venetian style
    Correggio
    works could be called “Proto-Baroque”
    Masaccio
    master of scientific perspective
    Simone Martini
    most famous painter of the Sienese school
    Titian
    painted for the Pesaro family
    Salon
    A hall or gallery for exhibiting works of art
    Which element is not a characteristic of the Neoclassical style?
    Intense Emotion
    What post-impressionist artist was noted for the use of Pointillism?
    Seurat
    Romanticism in the United States surfaced primarily in which type of paintings?
    landscapes
    What artist stated, “show me an angel, and I will paint one.” ?
    Courbet
    Which artist became a supreme colorist at the end of his career?
    Delacroix
    The Realism Period was influenced by
    industrialization
    What city is the birthplace of the Renaissance?
    Florence
    What artist developed the “quadro riportato” technique?
    Carracci
    What artist was an accomplished engraver?
    Durer
    Gauguin
    Post-impressionism movement
    Monet
    Impressionist painter
    Redon
    Symbolist painter
    Fuseli
    Romantic painter
    Baroque
    art that engaged the viewer physically and emotionally
    Mannerism
    purposeful distortion as a reaction to the Renaissance
    Impressionism
    artists concentrated on representing movement and light
    Neoclassicism
    the reaction of Antiquity
    Expressionistic
    The outworking of the personal and emotional vision of an internal experience of an artist. An idea is communicated visually through color and distortion.
    Characteristics of Fauvism
    bold, contrasting color
    rough brush strokes
    unnaturalistic drawing and perspective
    Matisse
    brilliant and striking use of color
    Derain
    Style characterized by striking applications of pure, bright patches of color
    Picasso’s Blue Period
    style shifted to monochromatic palette, flattened forms, and tragic themes
    Picasso’s Rose Period
    actor and circus subjects
    more tender and delicate
    palette is lighter with tones of pink, ochre, and gray
    marginalized figures
    melancholy mood
    Mimesis
    The imitation or representation of aspects of the sensible world, especially humanity, in literature and art.
    Which artist was the only American born Impressionist?
    a) Monet
    b) van Gogh
    c) Pissaro
    d) Cassatt
    d
    Die Brucke was a subcategory of which movement?
    a) cubism
    b) Dadaism
    c) Constructivism
    d) Impressionism
    b
    Post-Impressionit artists were influenced by which culture?
    a) African
    b) Egyptian
    c) Greek
    d) Japanese
    d
    Which artist stated, “I never painted dreams. I painted my own reality” when grouped with the Surrealists?
    a) Miro
    b) Kahlo
    c) Picasso
    d) Stella
    b
    What artist co-founded Cubism with Picasso?
    a) Pissarro
    b) Dali
    c) De Chirico
    d) Braque
    d
    Picasso was influenced by what culture?
    African
    What movement was primarily American?
    a) Constructivism
    b) Futurism
    c) Precisionism
    d) Purism
    c
    What movement glorified war?
    a) Constructivism
    b) Futurism
    c) Precisionism
    d) Purism
    b
    Abstract Expressionism is defined by which of the following?
    a) emphasis on formalism
    b) emphasis on emotion
    c) political commentary
    d) social commentary
    a

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    Review. (2017, Sep 01). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/review-14384/

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