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    Renaissance test

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    The intellectual movement that sees humans as the sole valid arbiter of their values and purpose, interest in the ancient world
    The social, artistic, and cultural “rebirth” that arose in Europe in the 14th century
    the rejection of supernatural religion as the arbiter of earthly action; emphasis on worldly and humanistic affairs
    nowhere; Greek term used to denote an ideal place or society
    Why did the Renaissance occur?
    Change in economy, new ideas, appreciation of the arts; artists and money, new growing upper class
    economy during the Renaissance
    increased trade with Asia, Growth of wealthy city states: Florence, Venice, Milan
    introduction to art in the renaissance
    new interest in classics: Greek and Roman
    Rise of the rich who spent their money on art
    other interest in the renaissance
    beautify and build cities, interest in science and technology
    increased trade gave…
    rise to Italian city states and a wealthy middle class of bankers and merchants
    wealthy bankers and merchants wanted…
    to show off their new high status by commissioning art
    The rise of the cities brought
    artists together which led to new techniques and styles of art
    most important Italian city-state
    Florence (but Milan and Venice also top 3)
    wealthy family of Florence, led the way to revitalize Rome and made Florence the new athens
    Values in Renaissance art
    realism and emotion: first nude paintings since Rome
    Classicism: inspiration from Greece and Rome
    Emphasis on individual and interaction between people
    geometric arrangements
    perspective; vanishing point
    using light and shadows

    domes, statues, paintings, religion (Catholic), idealized, detailed, ornate, naked people

    Four main artist during the renaissance
    Donatello, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael
    1st great sculptor of the renaissance, statue of David
    painter, sculptor, architect, and poet. He showed realism in the human body, Sistine chapel; painting
    Leonardo da Vinci
    painter, sculptor, inventor, scientist (true renaissance man)
    last super painting, Masterpiece: Mona Lisa
    perfected renaissance painting, student of both Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, got hired by the Pope.
    School of Athens- Greek and Rome
    Filippo Bunelleschi
    Florence’s greatest architect, dome is specific to classic and renaissance, built centerpiece of the town; cathedral in the heart of Florence, studied in and studied the Penthian, *made single point perspective*
    Northern renaissance
    Spread from Italy as scholars and merchants from other areas visited Italian city states, as it spread it developed its own characteristics
    England was most known for
    literature especially the plays of William Shakespeare
    France was most known for
    its unique architecture
    the Netherlands were most known forh
    is realism in art
    Characteristics of Renaissance literature
    *Repeating: Classics (Greek and Roman) Humanism, Religion (Catholic) [magic]*
    theatre, royalty (queen), science, technology, math, (rise of) the merchant class, exploration
    most depicted religious figure of the renaissance
    The Renaissance was never really
    a thing because it happened over such a long period of time it could have never been an actual thing it was just a series of interconnected events that were dependent on eachother
    why is the Renaissance so important even today
    because Europe is the center of art and history even today, 4 countries of Europe make up the G7, Europe is so influential throughout the world,
    during the renaissance the average person
    didn’t really know or do anything, it was more for the upper class.
    What renaissance values would encourage the kind of exploration and interactions that the Spainards and the other Europeans had in the Americas?
    Perspective and vanishing point could have given explorers new curiosity about what’s beyond the “vanishing point” and wanting to the see the world from a new perspective
    After the dark ages
    Italy lit up the world. it emerged from the devastating clouds of the black death
    The enterprise of renaissance engineering is
    the recovery of ancient knowledge, achieving such genius was a struggle as builders built unprecedented natural disaster, church dogma, and each other
    this bold new era gave the idea that
    nothing was impossible
    through the system of feudalism
    stability is being reinstituted to the Italian peninsula mainly through the Holy Roman Empire
    resource necessary for the prosperity of Sienna
    renaissance architects were forced to focus their attention on
    war, they built thicker slanted walls to defend during war. the were better because they held heavy machinery and were better defense, resisted incoming cannon balls
    former powerhouse is on the rise again, begin papal state when pope moves back to Rome
    Pope Sixtus V
    felt the need to revitalize Rome, so he rounded up all the peasants and killed them, when water returned to Rome the population boomed
    During the Renaissance
    Modern culture begins, pulled Europe out of the dark age

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