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    Painting and its mediums Essay (4427 words)

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    Some Of these panel paintings are just bits and pieces of the original masterpiece. Leonardo did seer Pier dad Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519, Old Style) An Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of “unquenchable curiosity” and “feverishly inventive imagination”.

    He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever o have lived. The Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo dad Vinci, which has been acclaimed as “the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work tot art in the world. ” The painting, thought to BEA portrait of Lisa Grenadine, the wife of Francesco del Giaconda, is in oil on a white Lombardy poplar panel, and is believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506, although Leonardo may have continued working on it as late as 1517.

    Michelangelo did Ladylove Bonaparte Simons (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer Of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. The Creation of Adam is a fresco painting by Michelangelo, forming part of the Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted circa 1511-1512, It illustrates the Biblical creation narrative from the Book of Genesis in which God breathes life into Adam, the first man.

    Juan Lunar y Novice (October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899) Juan Lunar was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists. The Parisian Life, also known as Interior dun Café (also spelled Interior dun Café©, literally meaning “Inside a Café©”), is an 1892 oil on canvas impressionist painting by Filipino painter and revolutionary activist Juan Lunar.

    The painting presently owned by the Government Service Insurance System is currently exhibited at the National Museum Of the Philippines after the state pension fund transferred management of its collection to the National Museum in March 2012. Jose Joy Jose Joy was a pioneer modern and abstract artist who was active as a painter, rainmaker, mixed-media artist and ceramicist. It has been said that it was Joy who “spearheaded the birth, growth and flowering of abstract expressionism” in the Philippines.

    His mature abstract works have been said to be “characterized by calligraphic gestures and linear forces, and a sense of color vibrancy emanating from an Oriental sensibility. ” Joy’s sense of color has been said to have come from the hues of the Philippine landscape, and his use of rice paper in collages demonstrated an interest in transparency. Jose Joy, “Mangling Interlude,” 1984, Acrylic and Collage on Paper, apron. 22 x 15 inches Sculpture Over many centuries, great artists have provided humanity with incredible things, One of those incredible things is the art of sculpting.

    Bronze David Made in the sass’s, by Denotable (1386-1466), Bronze David is one of the most famous sculptures today. It is notable as the first unsupported standing work in bronze cast during the Renaissance period, and the first freestanding nude male sculpture made since antiquity. It depicts the young David With an enigmatic smile, posed with his foot on Goliath severed head just after killing the giant. The youth is standing naked, apart from a laurel-topped hat and boots, bearing he sword of Goliath. There is also much speculation as to when it was built.

    Suggested dates vary from the asses to the asses, although the exact date is not known. Pieta Created by Michelangelo (1475-1564), the Pieta depicts the Virgin Mary holding her only son, Jesus Christ, in her arms. Prior to sculpting the Pieta, Michelangelo was not a very known artist, He was only in his early twenties when he was told, in 1498, to do a elite sized sculpture of the Virgin Mary holding her son in her arms. In about two years, from a single slab of marble, Michelangelo created one of the most beautiful sculptures ever.

    The Thinker Also from Augusta Roding, is the famous sculpture “The Thinker. ” Originally named The Poet, the piece avgas part of a commission by the Mums©e des Arts D©corsairs, Paris to create a monumental portal to act as the door of the museum. Roding based his theme on The Divine Comedy of Dante and entitled the portal The Gates of Hell. Each of the statues in the piece represented one of the main characters in the epic poem. The Thinker was originally meant to depict Dante in front Of the Gates Of Hell, pondering his great poem. In the final sculpture, a miniature of the statue sits atop the gates, pondering the hellish fate of those innate him. ) The bronze sculpture is nude, as Roding wanted a heroic figure in the tradition of Michelangelo, to represent intellect as well as poetry. David “David” is a masterpiece Of Renaissance sculpture created between 1501 and 1504, by the Italian artist Michelangelo. It is a 5. 17 meter (17 feet) marble statue of a standing male nude. The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favored subject in the art of Florence.

    Originally commissioned as one of a series to be positioned high up on the facade of Florence Cathedral, the statue was instead placed in a public square, outside the Palazzo Della Signora, the seat of civic overspent in Florence, where it was unveiled on 8 September, 1504. Because of the nature of the hero that it represented, it soon came to symbolize the defense tot civil liberties embodied in the Florentine Republic, an independent city-state threatened on all sides by more powerful rival states and by the hegemony of the Medici family. The eyes of David, with a warning glare, were turned towards Rome.

    The statue moved to the Academia Gallery in Florence in 1873, and later replaced at the original location by a replica. The Oblation The Oblation (Filipino: Panhandling, Oblation) is a concrete statue by Filipino artist Guillemot E. Deletion which serves as the iconic symbol of the University of the Philippines. It depicts a man facing upward with arms outstretched, symbolizing selfless offering of oneself to his country. The concrete sculpture painted to look like bronze, measures 3. 5 meters in height, symbolizing the 333 years of Spanish rule in the Philippines.

    The identity Of the person Who served as the model Of the sculpture has been long been the subject of speculation. Urban legend has it that director-actor Fernando Poe, Sir. Was the model, as he was a student at the University at the time the Oblation was being made. Other names that have said to pose for the sculpture include a friend of Deletion, Ferdinand Glenn Garaging and fireman June Villainies. Architecture C©Sara Pill (born October 12, 1926) C©Sara Pill is an Argentine American architect known for designing some of the world’s tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks.

    In 1991 , the American Institute of Architects (AI) listed Pill among the ten most influential living American architects. Perhaps his most famous work are the Patronage Twin Towers, The Patronage Towers, also known as the Patronage Twin Towers (Malay: Meaner Patronage, or Meaner racketeer Patronage) are twin skyscrapers in Koala Lump, Malaysia. According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CATCH)’s official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 until surpassed by Taipei 101, but they remain the tallest twin buildings in the world.

    The buildings are the landmark of Koala Lump with nearby Koala Lump Tower. The 88-floor towers are constructed largely of reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass facade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art, a reflection of Malaysia’s Muslim religion. C©Sara Pill Tom Wright Patronage Towers He is a British architect born in 1957. Wright is worldwide known for designing the wonderful Burr AAA Arab in Dub, LILA. He has been assigned to create a symbol for Dub. The Tower Of Arabia is basically a symbol for moving forward into the, and this is symbolized with the help of the shape of the tower itself, Which is a yacht sail With an extremely stylish and modern outlook. ” Burr AAA Arab (Arabic: of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel located in Dub,United Arab Emirates. At 321 m (1 ,053 Ft), it is the fourth tallest hotel in the world; however, 39% of its total height is made up of non acceptable space. Burr AAA Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 Ft) from Sumerian beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge.

    The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail tot a ship. Sometimes referred to as “the world’s only I-Star hotel”, its star rating is disputed. Engineers created a surface layer of large rocks, which is circled with a concrete honeycomb pattern, which serves to protect the foundation from erosion. It took three years to reclaim the land from the sea, but less than three years to construct the building itself. The building contains over 70,000 cubic teeters of concrete and 9,000 tons of steel.

    Blurb AAA Arab painting is the art of creating meaningful effects on a flat surface by the use of pigments. Different mediums are used in painting. Each medium exerts a pronounced effect on the finished product, is capable of varied treatment, and determines its own stroke. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. In art, the term painting describes both the act and the result of the action. However, painting is also used outside of art as a common trade among refasten and builders.

    Paintings may have for their support such surfaces as walls, paper, canvas, wood, glass, lacquer, clay, leaf, copper or concrete, and may incorporate multiple other materials including sand, clay, paper, gold leaf as well as Objects. Painting is a mode Of creative expression, and the forms are numerous. Drawing, composition or abstraction and other aesthetics may serve to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape painting), photographic, abstract, be loaded With reiterative content, symbolism, emotion or be political in nature.

    A portion of the history of painting in both Eastern and Western art is dominated by spiritual motifs and ideas; examples of this kind of painting range from artwork depicting mythological figures on pottery to Biblical scenes rendered on the interior walls and ceiling of The Sistine Chapel, to scenes from the life of Buddha or other images of eastern religious origin. Mediums of Painting In oil paintings, the pigments are mixed in oil. The surface used us usually canvas although other surfaces like wood, paper and metal may be used. The cost familiar painting is done with oils and canvass.

    This method has been used since the 15th century, The surface to be suitable must receive oil paint freely and yet not absorb it, can withstand temperature changes and not crack the pigment on it. Pigments mixed with Quill provide a medium that gives richness in the opacity of light and depth of shadow. Pigments can come from many sources: minerals, vegetable matter, coal tars, and other chemical combinations. These are ground by hand or machine then mixed with oil. Painters usually depend upon those pigments which do not change through the years.

    There are two methods of painting in oil: the direct and indirect method. In the direct method, the paints are opaque and are applied to the surface just as they are to look in the finished product. In the indirect method, the paint is applied in many thin layers of transparent color. The direct method is the more flexible method of the bon. This method is popular to painters because there is no limit to the ways of handling oil pigments. It is possible to get a wide range of separate effects. The pigment may be applied in a thick and heavy opaque manner or in washes of almost watercolors transparency.

    Oil color is the best method for a convincing representation where exact reproduction of a color tone necessary, Its ease of handling, the easy blending of tones and the possibility of painting over or covering any mistakes are some of the reasons why oil painting is a very popular technique. Oil painting has more disadvantages. The oil paint dries slowly and has a tendency to rise to the surface and form a film over the picture making it appear dull. It also has a tendency to become yellow and crack so that presser/action usually becomes a problem, Pigments “Maria Mangling,” 1980 b Carols “Button” Francisco Tempera

    Before oils veer in general use, a type of painting called tempera was popular. This is a mixture of ground pigments and an albumin’s or colloidal vehicle, either egg, gum, or glue, used by Egyptian, Medieval and Renaissance painters. It is still used today, The special characteristic pedometer is its being an emulsion. An emulsion is a watery milk-like mixture of oily and watery consistency. Tempera, notwithstanding its oil content, dries readily with evaporation of water. This rapid drying is one of its advantages. Tempera painting is usually done on a wooden panel that has been made smooth with a coating Of plaster.

    The colors are mixed with egg yolk. Since the paint dries rapidly, there is little blending or fusing Of colors in tempera painting. Colors are laid on side by side or superimposed. It is hard to obtain and rich, deep tones and shadows. This medium needs careful details. Its advantage is its great luminosity Of tone. The colors are clear and beautiful. The use of tempera falls into three principal dimensions: unvarnished or gouache-like tempera, varnished tempera and tempera as an under painting for oil. Unvarnished tempera is the simplest to use.

    One paints with water or thinned emulsion on a dampened or dried ground. When the tempera is varnished, many problems may arise. The airy quality of the color may be lost. Some colors may appear glaring and others may stand out in a very unpleasant way. The decorative quality in varnished tempera is an advantage. Since tempera is essentially a watercolors, it must remain so it its qualities have to be preserved, An important requirement is a faultless, clean ground If the ground changes when varnished, the painting will change with it. The colors should remain simple.

    Tempera “Resurrection with Two Angels” by Bernardino Engaging Watercolors Good watercolors paintings are not easy to make. They require a high degree of technical dexterity. In watercolors, the pigments are mixed with butter and applied to fine, vitae paper. The colors are applied in very thin layers. In pure watercolors painting, all the light comes from the ground. Paper is the most commonly used ground. Other materials like parchment, ivory, silk and cambric are also used as ground. The ground must be very clean and White and at the same time unchangeable. Opaque watercolors is called “gouache’.

    It is made by grinding opaque colors With water and mixing the product With a preparation Of gum by adding Chinese white transparent colors. If differs from the brilliant quality of translucent watercolors painting whose major effects are caused by the white paper. Watercolors is a process familiar to every school child. Pastel Pastel is the more recent medium. Pastel color possesses only surfaces of light gives no glazed effect and most closely resembles dry pigment. The pigment is bound so as to form a crayon which is applied directly to the surface, usually a paper.

    As support for pastel painting paper, pasteboard or canvas is used. As far as the technique is concerned, the painter is free to handle the material to suit himself. It is a very flexible medium. Varied effects may be produced in pastel painting. It is not a very popular medium because no one has yet discovered the way to preserve its original freshness. The chalk tends to rub off and the picture loses some of its brilliance. Fresco The most popular type of painting is fresco. The colors are mixed with butter and applied to fresh plaster which absorbs the color.

    Since the pigment has been incorporated with the plaster, it lasts until the wall is destroyed. Fresco painting flourished during the 15th and 16th centuries when Mosaic, Michelangelo, Raphael, Tinderbox and others covered the wall of the Italian churches with heir masterpieces. In Italian, “fresco” means fresh and is used to designate the process Of painting in fresh wet plaster. Generally, the process begins With preliminary sketches, later enlarged to full-size cartoons which are transferred to rough plaster.

    The coloring must be ready as soon as the plaster is put on the wall. It is prepared by mixing a pigment with water or with water and lime. When this is applied to the wet plaster, the lime binds the pigment to the plaster and makes the painting a part of the wall. Since fresco must be done quickly, it is a very exacting medium. There is no changing once the design is begun. Only the earth pigments are used because of the chemical action of the plaster on the paint. These colors have uniformity of tone and no glaring contrasts.

    Fresco has two disadvantages: first, it is almost impossible to move a fresco, and second, the painting is subject to the disasters that may happen to the wall of which it has become a part. The Sistine Chapel in Rome is magnificently decorated with paintings by Michelangelo. The series trochees remain as one tooth world’s greatest achievements in art. During the 17th , 18th and 19th centuries, the interest in fresco painting declined, but the 20th century has seen a renewed interest in mural paintings done in this medium, Acrylic The newest medium and one that is used widely by painters today is acrylic.

    These are synthetic paints using acrylic emulsion as binder They combine the transparency and quick-drying qualities of watercolors and are as flexible as oil. They are completely insoluble when dry and can be used almost on any surface. They also do not tend to crack, and turn yellow with age. Some Famous Filipino Painters Fernando Amarillo He was a portraitist and a painter of rural Philippine landscapes. In all his paintings, his nationalistic fervor was evident. His paintings often portrayed traditional Filipino culture, customs. Fiestas, and occupation. He used natural light in his paintings.

    He painted outdoors to be able to catch the effect of light on objects through the use of color, He developed the backlogging technique that brilliantly depicted the luminous golden glow of the sun’s rays on his subject, This technique became his artistic trademark and his greatest contribution to Philippine painting. Fabian deal Rosa He was noted for being an outstanding painter of women’s portrait. He was also best remembered f or painting landscapes and everyday scenes with women evicted as simple yet regal in doing daily activities such as weaving, chatting, going to church, planting rice in the fields and washing clothes.

    His skill in portraiture has rarely been equaled except perhaps by Fernando Amarillo_ Carols “Button” Francisco He single-handedly brought back the art of mural painting in the Philippines. He was in the forefront of the modernist art in the country. He was best known for his historical epics One of his favorite subjects is fisher folks The images of his women subjects came from mythology, history, legends, customs, and contemporary life. Jose Joy He was a Filipino abstract painter.

    He pioneered abstract expressionism in the Philippines. His canvases were characterized by “dynamic spontaneity” and “quick gestures” of action painting. Known as an abstract expressionist, he adapted the values Of kinetic energy and spontaneity in painting, mastering the art of gestured painting where paint is applied using broad brush strokes. His works were influenced by the tropical landscapes Of the Philippine Islands. Nag Kiosk He first attained prominence in the Philippine Arts scene in the asses.

    He fused influences from cubism, surrealism and expressionism, Some classified his style as “figurative expressionism”. He favored subjects as fighting docks, rabid dogs and people enraptured by rage or bound in chairs, The intensity of his works stood in contrast to his personality, described as placid and affable. Juan Lunar In 1884, his masterpiece, “Spoliation”, won first prize at the National Exposition tot Fine Arts in Madrid. His other masterpieces are the “Death tot Cleopatra” and the “Blood Compact”. Vaccine Mainsail A Philippine cubist painter and illustrator.

    His canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures of the barrio and city together, His “Madonna of the Slums” is a portrayal of a mother and child from the countryside ho became urban shanty residents once in the city, His “Spinney’, combined the elements of provincial folks culture with the congestion of the city. His works include the murals of the “Stations of the Cross” in the church of the Parish of the Holy Sacrifice in the University of the Philippines. Hernandez R. Cameo He was credited for a new mode Of abstraction that exemplifies Philippine flora and fauna and portrays sunshine, stars and rains. Sing movement and bold colors, H. R. Ocarina utilized fantasy and science fiction as the basis for his works. His art is described to be “abstract composition of biological forms that seemed o oscillate, quiver, inflame and multiply like mutations”. Damning Domingo He was active in the early part of the 19th century as painter of miniature portraits and religious images. He was known for his miniature portraits on ivory and oil portraits on canvas. He was likely the first in Asia to use the western principles of foreground, underground and background perspectives among other artistic techniques.

    He became one of the most sought-after artists of his time. Marrow Manual Santos He is a self-taught painter who began his career as a comic strip illustrator, He paints freely and unencumbered in gouache and oil pastel, on large or small canvases and on paper, His paintings have been said to celebrate the Philippine landscape, its people and traditions in happy fiesta colors. He was a well awarded artist, Among the awards he received are: TOMMY (Ten Outstanding Young Men) 1 963, Gad ICP, Artist of the Year (Society of Philippine Illustrators and Cartoonists) and pathway nag Singing at Gallivanting from the City of Manila.

    Women are his favorite subjects and also Philippine landscapes where nip huts and shanties take on a quality among squalor. His colors are generally bright and vivid. Benedicts ‘Bench’ Caber He is a pioneer among Filipino painters. His skillful and soulful depiction of social issues, most especially those most relevant to Filipinos, is believed by many to be the foundation of his success Because of his involvement with social commentary and the topics of repression and freedom and creating art as a social issue, Bench has painted a Wide variety Of subjects.

    Seven Elements Of Distance There are three distances to look for in a painting. The part of the painting closest to the viewer is called the foreground. The middle ground is the part between he foreground and the part which is farthest away is called the background. It’s important to train yourself to look at each of these distances one after the other consecutively. In this way, the viewer will be able to take notice of and see things that he/she might have missed in the initial viewing of the painting. Color Artists use colors to convey feelings and moods within their painting.

    They can create a cheerful mood by placing bright colors next to each other. They can create a calm or gentle mood by placing soft colors alongside each other. Basically colors can be divided into warm (reds, oranges, yellow) and cool (blues, Renee and violets) colors, It is interesting to notice which colors the artist uses, which ones stand out and how colors make you feel as you view the painting. When complementary colors (blue and orange, red and green, yellow and purple) are used alongside each other, they intensify each other and look extra bright.

    The artist also uses black to tone down colors (shades) and white to lighten them up (tints). Light Painters spend a lot of time studying the way light falls. They often experiment with light in their paintings simulating natural light or using hidden spotlights to Ochs your attention on what they want you to notice in the painting. Light affects the color of the subject and objects in the painting look real and solid if the artist shows the way light falls on them. Use Of light and darkness also conveys particular moods in a painting.

    It is important to look for the light sources in the painting and describe their effect on the appearance Of the subjects and on the overall mood it communicates. Line Artists use various types of lines (diagonal, curved, vertical, and horizontal)to express ideas and feelings in their paintings. Be sure to look for various lines in a matting and note where they are and what they seem to convey. Shapes An artist uses shapes to express ideas. They may be circles, triangles, rectangles, ovals, or squares. When arranged close together they help add energy to a painting.

    When placed far apart they look more serene, It is interesting to find both small and large shapes in a painting, counting how many you find of each and noting the similarities they may possess. Composition Artists seriously plan how they will arrange elements like color, line and shapes in their paintings. This is called composition, Some artists make a master plan before they actually begin the painting. Others plan as they go, deciding how to arrange things as they paint. The composition helps to draw the viewer’s eyes into the picture and guides him/her as he/she walks through the painting.

    A composition is often likened to an invisible skeleton that holds the painting together. Perspective Through perspective artists convey 3-dimension space, Perspective makes a flat picture look 3-dimensional and have depth. How an artist layers the three distances of foreground, middle ground and background is one way he/she creates perspective. To create deeper space an artist may make parallel lines come together. TO give the effect Of distance the artist may make the objects in the background smaller in size, lighter in color or less detailed.

    This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

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