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Northern Renaissance Art, catholic reformation, baroque

Northern Renaissance Art (4 styles)
Secular, portraits, apocalypse, and landscape
why so different than italian renaissance?
the world is bigger than just the teachings of the church
difference between the focuses of southern and northern Renaissance art
southern focus is on future and purpose in life
northern focus is on real life
World in which Catholic church operates becomes much bigger after 1520 because…
discovery of New World!
What does the baroque tradition come out of?
It comes out of Catholics wanting to show illiterate people stories of the Bible
Did protestants have art at this time?
no, just the Bible
Counter Reformation
was a reaction to the Protestant Reformation
sign. reforms after 1517
started with council of trent
Catholic Reformation
reforms made before 1517
reform not new
roman inquisition
1542, persecution of lots of people by the roman catholic church
index
a list of forbidden books in 1542
council of trent
1545-1563. redefined everything the catholic church stood for, set it in stone because of doubts of people encouraged by the protestant reformation
tridentine decrees
1564. professes many important parts of the catholic faith. it is heresy to deny catholic view (anathema clauses)
What 2 countires were least affected by protestantism?
italy and spain
Jesuits
another religious order of the roman catholic church
founder is ignatius loyola
piety and spiritual discipline
founded a lot schools, colleges, and universities
Francis of Assisi
founded franciscan orders of roman catholic church
followers seek to live like this person
c1300
Capuchins
order of friars in the roman catholic church
italy 1525
simplicity and austerity of early franciscans
work with poor and are missionaries
importance of new religious orders
education, spiritual writing, and missionary work
Francis xavier
1506-1552. missionary that spread catholicism to asia. especially india and japan
Matteo Ricci
1552-1610. Jesuit who spread catholicism to China
French wars of religion
1562-98. fights between protestants (huguenots) and catholics within france
Edict of nantes
concluded the French wars of religion
30 years war
1618-48. devastated germany and also religious war
Baroque
early 1700s to late 1800s
retrospective
opera was invented in the Baroque times
movement and tension
light and shade
intense spirituality
space, realism
inner passions of soul
large scale
Caravaggio
short career
always in trouble with the law
break with mannerism
small and intimate
fleshy effeminate young men
startling sense of physical presence
plain background, little depth
Mannerism
italian art period between high renaissance and baroque (c1520-c1600)
elongated proportions
highly stylized poses
lack of clear perspective

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Northern Renaissance Art, catholic reformation, baroque
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Northern Renaissance Art (4 styles) Secular, portraits, apocalypse, and landscape why so different than italian renaissance? the world is bigger than just the teachings
2017-10-11 09:54:21
Northern Renaissance Art, catholic reformation, baroque
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
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