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Music 1101 The middle ages and Renaissance

Middle Ages period
450-1450
Renaissance period
1450-1600
Clergy, pheasants, nobility
Clergy Read and write
Pheasants- Couldn’t RW
Nobility- Couldn’t RW

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Ars Antiquas
Ancient Arts
Music in middle ages
basically in church, monophonic during this time
Gregorian Chant
consists of melody set to sacred latin texts and sung without accompaniment;
named after Pope gregory 1(the great)
Office and Mass
two types of services in church
Church modes
Hildengard of Bingen
woman
Vocal Music
REN: Word painting
musically dipicting a word by using a song, like Heaven being high and hell being low
Renaissance
Polyphonic
REN: imitation
imitation among voices is common,
REN bass register
was used for first time, with this came richer harmony
Ren: Rythm and melody
rhythm is more gentle flow
Ren Motet
sacred latin text that wasn’t a part of office or mass and so didn’t use chant..
REN
is polyphonic choral work made up of five sections kyrie, gloria, credo, sanctus, agnus dei
Josquin Desprez
Contemporary of Leonardo da vinci, master of REN music.
Palestrina and REN mass
did a 104 different versions of mass. encouraged the church not to go back to gregorian but to allow freedom.
Council of Trent
1545-1563 council that considered questions of dogma and organization
Pope marcellus Mass
1562-1563 in Accoppella wrote in kyrie.
Kyrie
rich polyphonic texture, six voice parts constantly imitate each other. Sound fuller than Ave Maria because of two additional voices.
Secular Music
Became popular has two types
Madrigal
Lute
Madrigal
secular music written for several voices, set about love.
Thomas Weelkes
madrigalist an organist and church composer.
Queen elizabeth
often referred to as ORIANA
Lute
String instrument, predecessor to guitar
Lute song
secular music that uses solo voice and lute accompany, homophonic
passamezzo
stately dance in duple meter
galliard
is variation of passamezzo but quick dance in triple meter
Baroque Period
1600-1750 time period, means bizzarre, oddly shaped pearl. Age of absolution-ism drama and text ruled music during this period. Opera came about.
Homophonic in the beginning then ending with both polyphonic and homophonic.
Johan sebastion bach
Died in 1750 end of baroque period
baroque music
music mood stays same throughout.
baroque rhythms
stay same in baroque period
baroque melody
repeats and more emphasized, high and lower pitches
Baroque Dynamics
Stays the same, paralleling continuity of rhythm and melody in baroque music
Baroque Terraced Dynamics
gradual changes through crescendo and decrescendo adding and removing instruments.
Baroque
organ and harpiscord being used
Basso continuo
Baroque piece that is played by organ, harpischord, chello, bassoon: an accompaniment
Figured based
The bass part with numbers
Baroque Orchestra
evolved into a performing group based on violin family. Primarily strings, did have percussion, small by today standard 30-40
Baroque Forms
has unity of mood
Movement
piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
Handel
was first freelance musician created Halllehiuah

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Music 1101 The middle ages and Renaissance
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Middle Ages period 450-1450 Renaissance period 1450-1600
2017-09-14 07:07:26
Music 1101 The middle ages and Renaissance
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
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