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    Music 1101 The middle ages and Renaissance

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    Middle Ages period
    Renaissance period
    Clergy, pheasants, nobility
    Clergy Read and write
    Pheasants- Couldn’t RW
    Nobility- Couldn’t RW
    Ars Antiquas
    Ancient Arts
    Music in middle ages
    basically in church, monophonic during this time
    Gregorian Chant
    consists of melody set to sacred latin texts and sung without accompaniment;
    named after Pope gregory 1(the great)
    Office and Mass
    two types of services in church
    Church modes
    Hildengard of Bingen
    Vocal Music
    REN: Word painting
    musically dipicting a word by using a song, like Heaven being high and hell being low
    REN: imitation
    imitation among voices is common,
    REN bass register
    was used for first time, with this came richer harmony
    Ren: Rythm and melody
    rhythm is more gentle flow
    Ren Motet
    sacred latin text that wasn’t a part of office or mass and so didn’t use chant..
    is polyphonic choral work made up of five sections kyrie, gloria, credo, sanctus, agnus dei
    Josquin Desprez
    Contemporary of Leonardo da vinci, master of REN music.
    Palestrina and REN mass
    did a 104 different versions of mass. encouraged the church not to go back to gregorian but to allow freedom.
    Council of Trent
    1545-1563 council that considered questions of dogma and organization
    Pope marcellus Mass
    1562-1563 in Accoppella wrote in kyrie.
    rich polyphonic texture, six voice parts constantly imitate each other. Sound fuller than Ave Maria because of two additional voices.
    Secular Music
    Became popular has two types
    secular music written for several voices, set about love.
    Thomas Weelkes
    madrigalist an organist and church composer.
    Queen elizabeth
    often referred to as ORIANA
    String instrument, predecessor to guitar
    Lute song
    secular music that uses solo voice and lute accompany, homophonic
    stately dance in duple meter
    is variation of passamezzo but quick dance in triple meter
    Baroque Period
    1600-1750 time period, means bizzarre, oddly shaped pearl. Age of absolution-ism drama and text ruled music during this period. Opera came about.
    Homophonic in the beginning then ending with both polyphonic and homophonic.
    Johan sebastion bach
    Died in 1750 end of baroque period
    baroque music
    music mood stays same throughout.
    baroque rhythms
    stay same in baroque period
    baroque melody
    repeats and more emphasized, high and lower pitches
    Baroque Dynamics
    Stays the same, paralleling continuity of rhythm and melody in baroque music
    Baroque Terraced Dynamics
    gradual changes through crescendo and decrescendo adding and removing instruments.
    organ and harpiscord being used
    Basso continuo
    Baroque piece that is played by organ, harpischord, chello, bassoon: an accompaniment
    Figured based
    The bass part with numbers
    Baroque Orchestra
    evolved into a performing group based on violin family. Primarily strings, did have percussion, small by today standard 30-40
    Baroque Forms
    has unity of mood
    piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
    was first freelance musician created Halllehiuah

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