Middle Ages period
Clergy, pheasants, nobility
Clergy Read and write
Pheasants- Couldn’t RW
Nobility- Couldn’t RW
Music in middle ages
basically in church, monophonic during this time
consists of melody set to sacred latin texts and sung without accompaniment;
named after Pope gregory 1(the great)
Office and Mass
two types of services in church
Hildengard of Bingen
REN: Word painting
musically dipicting a word by using a song, like Heaven being high and hell being low
imitation among voices is common,
REN bass register
was used for first time, with this came richer harmony
Ren: Rythm and melody
rhythm is more gentle flow
sacred latin text that wasn’t a part of office or mass and so didn’t use chant..
is polyphonic choral work made up of five sections kyrie, gloria, credo, sanctus, agnus dei
Contemporary of Leonardo da vinci, master of REN music.
Palestrina and REN mass
did a 104 different versions of mass. encouraged the church not to go back to gregorian but to allow freedom.
Council of Trent
1545-1563 council that considered questions of dogma and organization
Pope marcellus Mass
1562-1563 in Accoppella wrote in kyrie.
rich polyphonic texture, six voice parts constantly imitate each other. Sound fuller than Ave Maria because of two additional voices.
Became popular has two types
secular music written for several voices, set about love.
madrigalist an organist and church composer.
often referred to as ORIANA
String instrument, predecessor to guitar
secular music that uses solo voice and lute accompany, homophonic
stately dance in duple meter
is variation of passamezzo but quick dance in triple meter
1600-1750 time period, means bizzarre, oddly shaped pearl. Age of absolution-ism drama and text ruled music during this period. Opera came about.
Homophonic in the beginning then ending with both polyphonic and homophonic.
Johan sebastion bach
Died in 1750 end of baroque period
music mood stays same throughout.
stay same in baroque period
repeats and more emphasized, high and lower pitches
Stays the same, paralleling continuity of rhythm and melody in baroque music
Baroque Terraced Dynamics
gradual changes through crescendo and decrescendo adding and removing instruments.
organ and harpiscord being used
Baroque piece that is played by organ, harpischord, chello, bassoon: an accompaniment
The bass part with numbers
evolved into a performing group based on violin family. Primarily strings, did have percussion, small by today standard 30-40
has unity of mood
piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
was first freelance musician created Halllehiuah