The middle ages refers to the period of European history spanning?
1 Curiosity and Individualism
2 Exploration and Adventure
3 Rebirth of Human Creativity
The Renaissance Maybe be described as an age of?
Who were the most important musicians of the Middle Ages?
Monks in Monasteries
A monopoly of learning in the Middle Ages was held by whom?
What was the center of music life in the Middle Ages?
Why does the church frown on instruments?
What bothered clergy because of its disturbance from during worship?
Pictures and literary descriptions
What we know about instruments from the middle age and Renaissance come from where?
Most medieval music was what type of music?
During the Middle Ages, the church believed music should only be used as what?
What type of music did medieval monks sing?
What type of texture are Gregorian Chants?
What type of music consisted of a melody sung without accompaniment
Pope Gregory I
Who gave the name of the Gregorian Chant, and was a medieval legend.
Offices and mass
What were the two types of services at which monks and nuns sang?
The survival of chant manuscripts date from the?
The basic scales of western music during the Middle Ages were?, They consist of seven different tones.
Alleluia: Vidimus Stellam is in what form?
Hildegard of Bingen
The first women composer to leave a large number of works that have survived. Abe’s the convenient of Rupertsberg?
Hildegard of bingen
Who composed the earliest play “Ordo Virtutum”?
Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed during the?
Troubadours and Trove’res
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by?
Crusaders, dancing, and love
The French secular songs of the Middle Ages were often concerned with the?
The notation of troubadour and trouvère melodies does not indicate?
The Wandering Minstrels, or Jongelurs
Who performed music and acrobatics in castles, taverns, and town squares, lived on the lowest level of society, and played instrumental dances on harps, fiddles, and lutes?
What type of music in the late Middle Ages was to provide accompaniment for dancing.
This is a medieval dance
The medieval estampie is one of the earliest surviving pieces of what?
Single melodic lines, instrument
The medieval estampie’s. manuscripts contains only? And it does not which ______ should be played?
Second melodic Line
The first steps in a revolution that eventually transformed western music began sometime between 700 and 900
with the addition of a__________ to Gregorian Chant?
Medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines is
What was the intellectual and artistic capitol of Europe during the late medieval period.
Who was among the first known composers to write music with more than two voices?
The center of polyphonic music in Europe after 1150 was?
Placing new melodic lines against known chants.
In medieval times, most polyphonic music was created
Leonin and Perotin
they are the first important composers
known by name, indicated definite time values and a clearly defined meter in their music, and were the leaders
of the school of Notre Dame.
Leonin and Perotin
The earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm. were?
One of the major characteristics of ars nova music is its use of?
This term refers to Italian and French music of the 14th centruy.
Early 14th century
new system of music notation that allowed composers to specify almost any rhythmical pattern had evolved by?
Guillaume De Mauchet
Who was an outstanding ars nova composer? His compositions consisted mainly of love songs with instrumental accompaniment?
5 Agnus Dei
What are the five parts of the Mass Ordinary?
The Renaissance in music occurred between?
Many prominent Renaissance composers, who held important posts all over Europe, came from what was
The leading music center in sixteenth-century Europe was?
The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly?
An unaccompanied choral music is called?
Renaissance ___________________ are usually easy to sing because the ___________________ often moves along a scale with few large leaps.
Mass and Motet
The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are?
This is a polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the
ordinary of the mass.
Who spent much of his life in Italy?
Whose career was centered in rome
Council of Trent
An attempt was made to purify Catholic Church music as a result of
Geovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina
Whose music includes 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works.
1 Secular tunes
2 Noisy Instruments
3 Theatrical Singing
The Council of Trent attacked the church music of the Renaissance because of what 3 things?
It is set for 6 voices instead of four.
Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass sounds fuller than Josquin’s Ave Maria because?
What began around 1520 in Italy?
1 Play instrument
3 Read Musical Notation
During the Renaissance every educated person was expected to be able to do what 3 things?
This is a piece for several solo voice, set set to a short poem about love.
Between English and Italian Madrigals which one has a humorous and more lighter tone
Thomas Weelkes’s As Vesta Was Descending is notable for its?
This was another type of secular music that enjoyed popularity
during the Renaissance.
was the most popular instrument in the Renaissance home.
Lute songs are what type of texture?
Who was a leading English Composer of Lute Songs.
In most lute songs, the lute accompaniment is _________ to the voices?
Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for?
The passamezzo is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the?
A versatile plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear, popular during the Renaissance, was the?
Among other causes, ___________________ music became more important than ___________________ music in the fourteenth century because the literature of the time stressed earthly sensuality, rival popes claimed authority at the same time, thereby weakening the authority of the church, and the feudal system had gone into decline.
New System of notation, Rhythmic
The ars nova or new art differed from older music in that a ______________________________________ permitted composers to specify almost any___________________ Pattern
During the Renaissance secular vocal music was written for groups of solo voices and for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment, secular music contained more rapid changes of mood than sacred music and a wealth of dance music published during the sixteenth century has survived.
Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because composers considered the harmonic effect of
chords rather than superimposing one melody above another, the bass register is used for the first time, and the
typical choral piece has four, five, or six voice parts of nearly equal melodic interest.