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    Music 105 test 2

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    The middle ages refers to the period of European history spanning?
    1 Curiosity and Individualism
    2 Exploration and Adventure
    3 Rebirth of Human Creativity
    The Renaissance Maybe be described as an age of?
    Who were the most important musicians of the Middle Ages?
    Monks in Monasteries
    A monopoly of learning in the Middle Ages was held by whom?
    The church
    What was the center of music life in the Middle Ages?
    Pagan Rites
    Why does the church frown on instruments?
    What bothered clergy because of its disturbance from during worship?
    Pictures and literary descriptions
    What we know about instruments from the middle age and Renaissance come from where?
    Most medieval music was what type of music?
    Discreet Accompaniment
    During the Middle Ages, the church believed music should only be used as what?
    Gregorian Chants
    What type of music did medieval monks sing?
    What type of texture are Gregorian Chants?
    Gregorian Chants
    What type of music consisted of a melody sung without accompaniment
    Pope Gregory I
    Who gave the name of the Gregorian Chant, and was a medieval legend.
    Offices and mass
    What were the two types of services at which monks and nuns sang?
    Ninth Century
    The survival of chant manuscripts date from the?
    Church Modes
    The basic scales of western music during the Middle Ages were?, They consist of seven different tones.
    Alleluia: Vidimus Stellam is in what form?
    Hildegard of Bingen
    The first women composer to leave a large number of works that have survived. Abe’s the convenient of Rupertsberg?
    Hildegard of bingen
    Who composed the earliest play “Ordo Virtutum”?
    Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
    The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed during the?
    Troubadours and Trove’res
    The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by?
    Crusaders, dancing, and love
    The French secular songs of the Middle Ages were often concerned with the?
    The notation of troubadour and trouvère melodies does not indicate?
    The Wandering Minstrels, or Jongelurs
    Who performed music and acrobatics in castles, taverns, and town squares, lived on the lowest level of society, and played instrumental dances on harps, fiddles, and lutes?
    What type of music in the late Middle Ages was to provide accompaniment for dancing.
    This is a medieval dance
    Instrumental Music
    The medieval estampie is one of the earliest surviving pieces of what?
    Single melodic lines, instrument
    The medieval estampie’s. manuscripts contains only? And it does not which ______ should be played?
    Second melodic Line
    The first steps in a revolution that eventually transformed western music began sometime between 700 and 900
    with the addition of a__________ to Gregorian Chant?
    Medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines is
    called what?
    What was the intellectual and artistic capitol of Europe during the late medieval period.
    Who was among the first known composers to write music with more than two voices?
    The center of polyphonic music in Europe after 1150 was?
    Placing new melodic lines against known chants.
    In medieval times, most polyphonic music was created
    Leonin and Perotin
    they are the first important composers
    known by name, indicated definite time values and a clearly defined meter in their music, and were the leaders
    of the school of Notre Dame.
    Leonin and Perotin
    The earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm. were?
    One of the major characteristics of ars nova music is its use of?
    Ars Nova
    This term refers to Italian and French music of the 14th centruy.
    Early 14th century
    new system of music notation that allowed composers to specify almost any rhythmical pattern had evolved by?
    Guillaume De Mauchet
    Who was an outstanding ars nova composer? His compositions consisted mainly of love songs with instrumental accompaniment?
    1 Kyrie
    2 Gloria
    3 Credo
    4 Sanctus
    5 Agnus Dei
    What are the five parts of the Mass Ordinary?
    The Renaissance in music occurred between?
    Many prominent Renaissance composers, who held important posts all over Europe, came from what was
    The leading music center in sixteenth-century Europe was?
    The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly?
    An unaccompanied choral music is called?
    Melodies, Melody
    Renaissance ___________________ are usually easy to sing because the ___________________ often moves along a scale with few large leaps.
    Mass and Motet
    The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are?
    This is a polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the
    ordinary of the mass.
    Josquin Desprez
    Who spent much of his life in Italy?
    Whose career was centered in rome
    Council of Trent
    An attempt was made to purify Catholic Church music as a result of
    Geovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina
    Whose music includes 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works.
    1 Secular tunes
    2 Noisy Instruments
    3 Theatrical Singing
    The Council of Trent attacked the church music of the Renaissance because of what 3 things?
    It is set for 6 voices instead of four.
    Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass sounds fuller than Josquin’s Ave Maria because?
    Renaissance Madrigal
    What began around 1520 in Italy?
    1 Play instrument
    2 Dance
    3 Read Musical Notation
    During the Renaissance every educated person was expected to be able to do what 3 things?
    Renaissance Madrigal
    This is a piece for several solo voice, set set to a short poem about love.
    English Madrigal
    Between English and Italian Madrigals which one has a humorous and more lighter tone
    Word paintings
    Thomas Weelkes’s As Vesta Was Descending is notable for its?
    Lute Songs
    This was another type of secular music that enjoyed popularity
    during the Renaissance.
    was the most popular instrument in the Renaissance home.
    Lute songs are what type of texture?
    John Dowland
    Who was a leading English Composer of Lute Songs.
    In most lute songs, the lute accompaniment is _________ to the voices?
    Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for?
    The passamezzo is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the?
    A versatile plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear, popular during the Renaissance, was the?
    Secular, Sacred
    Among other causes, ___________________ music became more important than ___________________ music in the fourteenth century because the literature of the time stressed earthly sensuality, rival popes claimed authority at the same time, thereby weakening the authority of the church, and the feudal system had gone into decline.
    New System of notation, Rhythmic
    The ars nova or new art differed from older music in that a ______________________________________ permitted composers to specify almost any___________________ Pattern
    During the Renaissance secular vocal music was written for groups of solo voices and for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment, secular music contained more rapid changes of mood than sacred music and a wealth of dance music published during the sixteenth century has survived.
    Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because composers considered the harmonic effect of
    chords rather than superimposing one melody above another, the bass register is used for the first time, and the
    typical choral piece has four, five, or six voice parts of nearly equal melodic interest.

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