What does Renaissance mean?
What was the “Middle Ages” the middle of
A time between the fall of the great and civilized Roman Empire, and the once-again great and civilized Renaissance.
How did Plato’s ideas affect the art of the Middle Ages?
Most of the art and music of the Middle Ages was “Apollonian”—based on numerical proportion, it appealed to the mind and avoided the “watering of the passions.”
What did Renaissance artists find in ancient art that they believed was missing from the art of the Middle Ages?
Greece and Rome had achieved a pinnacle of culture, which was largely lost when Rome fell and Roman civilization deteriorated into the “Dark Ages.”
Which Renaissance humanist taught that free will was what made man different from the animals?
Pico della Mirandola
Who wrote a book about a Venetian party traveling to China?
What family of merchants became the leading family of Florence?
What Italian word connotes virtue, strength, and virility?
What rich political leader was an important patron of the arts in Florence?
Lorenzo de Medici
What is the word for the belief that mankind’s only access to truth is through the senses?
Who proved the Copernican model of the solar system using a telescope?
What did the Spanish call their war to take back Spain from the Muslims?
Where did the Popes live during the so-called Babylonian Captivity of the Catholic Church?
What was the most controversial practice used to raise money for Rome’s extensive building projects?
Sale of indulgences
Who published 95 theses against the sale of indulgences?
Which Protestant reformer insisted that churches be stripped of idolatrous images?
Why did Henry VIII lead England out of the Roman Catholic church?
He wanted to divorce his wife and said that if a king had divine power from God then he should be head of the church instead of the pope.
What was the key event of the Counter-Reformation?
Council of Trent
How did Shakespeare adapt the story of Macbeth to suit the tastes of James I, King of England?
He made it so that Banquo was not involved in murdering King Duncan as King James was descended from him.
Is Macbeth a reliable history of the event in the history of Scotland?
What are the four levels of the play identified in the introduction?
*Good and evil
*Appearances often hide reality
*The affect of ambition on people
*The importance of loyalty and honor
What is blank verse?
Each line of dialogue consists of five feet of
unrhymed iambic pentameter (weak beats alternating with strong beats)
Who is the king of Scotland at the beginning of the play?
Who are King Duncan’s two generals?
Macbeth and Banquo
What makes Banquo doubt that the witches are women?
The witches withered appearance.
How did Macbeth get to be Thane of Cawdor?
The old Thane of Cawdor betrayed Scotland so Macbeth was given this title for his achievements.
Of whom does Malcolm say, “Nothing in his life Became him like the leaving it”?
Thane of Cawdor’s death
When Macbeth hesitates, how does Lady Macbeth persuade him to go through with the awful deed?
She calls him a coward and that he lacks the manhood to do it.
Before the murder, Macbeth sees a vision. What is it of?
A bloody dagger
Who says “Double double toil and trouble”?
The Weird Sisters
Who do the witches tell Macbeth to beware of?
How does Macbeth punish Macduff for fleeing to England?
He sends assassins after his family and they kill his wife and children.
What is the nature of Lady Macbeth’s madness?
She feels guilt for their crime and is constantly muttering to herself and acting like she is washing her hands.
What happens to Lady Macbeth in the end?
She dies of insanity.
How did Birnam Wood come to Dunsinane?
When Malcolm orders his soldiers to cut down the trees of Birnam Wood and move them up Dunsinane hill, Macbeth believes that the prophecy has come true and thinks he is doomed.
Who was not “of woman born”?
Although Macbeth believes that he cannot be killed by any man born of a woman, he soon learns that Macduff was “from his mother’s womb / Untimely ripped”
How is not “of woman born” possible?
Because he had to be surgically removed rather than be born naturally.
How does Macbeth die?
Macduff kills Macbeth in battle by beheading him.
Who is king at the end of the play?
Why does Macbeth say “Macbeth does murder sleep”?
Because of his crimes, he feels no one can sleep.
How does Lady Macbeth get blood on her hands?
Macbeth was too scared to make his murders look like they were done by each other so Lady Macbeth goes to arrange the bodies to look that way.
Who are Malcolm and Donalbain?
The sons of King Duncan.
What do Malcolm and Donalbain do after Duncan’s murder?
They flee because they are scared they will be charged for the murder.
Why does Macbeth fear Banquo?
He fears the second part of the witches prophecy will come true.
What does Macbeth say his mind is full of?
Who is Fleance?
What becomes of Fleance?
He survive’s Macbeth’s attempt to murder him but his whereabouts are unknown at the end of the play.
Who appears to Macbeth at the banquet?