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    Renaissance and Baroque Art (878 words)

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    Filippo Brunelleschi
Sacrifice of Isaac
competition panel for east doors, baptistery of Florence Cathedral, Florence, Itay
Period: Renaissance
clear imagery-gothic framing
divided into horizontal and vertical axis
    Filippo Brunelleschi
    Sacrifice of Isaac
    competition panel for east doors, baptistery of Florence Cathedral, Florence, Itay
    Period: Renaissance
    clear imagery-gothic framing
    divided into horizontal and vertical axis
    Chiaroscuro
    The dramatic treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.
    Sfumato
    Italian for “smoky”, technique used to blend details to look more realistic-Da Vinci used this effect often
    Contrapposto
    A style of Greek sculpture where people are depicted standing and leaning so that the person’s weight is being put on one side. People are depicted with their bodies curved like an “S”
    Allegory
    A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
    Lorenzo Ghiberti 
Sacrifice of Isaac
competition panel for east doors, baptistery of Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy,
Gilded bronze relief
Period: Renaissance
Graceful poses
classical influences-form of Isaac
use of landscape
S curve movement throughout piece
    Lorenzo Ghiberti
    Sacrifice of Isaac
    competition panel for east doors, baptistery of Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy,
    Gilded bronze relief
    Period: Renaissance
    Graceful poses
    classical influences-form of Isaac
    use of landscape
    S curve movement throughout piece
    Filippo Brunelleschi
dome of Florence Cathedral
Florence, Italy
Period: Renaissance
elongates dome shape to pointed dome
has gothic architectural features
    Filippo Brunelleschi
    dome of Florence Cathedral
    Florence, Italy
    Period: Renaissance
    elongates dome shape to pointed dome
    has gothic architectural features
    Leon Battista Alberti
west façade of Sant' Andrea
Mantua, Italy
Period: Renaissance
    Leon Battista Alberti
    west façade of Sant’ Andrea
    Mantua, Italy
    Period: Renaissance
    Donatello
David
Bronze
Period: Renaissance
David-symbol of independent florence
first free standing nude since antiquity
feminine and youthful pose
    Donatello
    David
    Bronze
    Period: Renaissance
    David-symbol of independent florence
    first free standing nude since antiquity
    feminine and youthful pose
    Sandro Botticelli
Birth of Venus
Tempera on Canvas
Period: Renaissance
    Sandro Botticelli
    Birth of Venus
    Tempera on Canvas
    Period: Renaissance
    Andrea del Castagno
Last Supper
Refectory, monastery of Sant-Apollonia, Florence, Italy
like 1st style Roman Paintings
elaborate
architectural perspective-space
    Andrea del Castagno
    Last Supper
    Refectory, monastery of Sant-Apollonia, Florence, Italy
    like 1st style Roman Paintings
    elaborate
    architectural perspective-space
    Perugino
Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint peter
Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, Italy
period: Renaissance
lines converge at the doorway of central building
deep architectural perspective
    Perugino
    Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint peter
    Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, Italy
    period: Renaissance
    lines converge at the doorway of central building
    deep architectural perspective
    Andrea Mantegna
interior of the Camera degli Sposi
Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy
Period: Renaissance
paint looks real
wanted to create a splendid palace
lavish and overt reference to the rule at Mantua itself
    Andrea Mantegna
    interior of the Camera degli Sposi
    Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy
    Period: Renaissance
    paint looks real
    wanted to create a splendid palace
    lavish and overt reference to the rule at Mantua itself
    Leonardo da Vinci
Annunciation
Period: Renaissance
wonderful bizzare facial expression and hand gesture
Angel wing showed different depiction of colorful wings
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Annunciation
    Period: Renaissance
    wonderful bizzare facial expression and hand gesture
    Angel wing showed different depiction of colorful wings
    Leonardo da Vinci
Virgin of the Rocks
Period: Renaissance
Basic Pyramidal composition
demonstrates his interest in geology and botany
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Virgin of the Rocks
    Period: Renaissance
    Basic Pyramidal composition
    demonstrates his interest in geology and botany
    Leonardo da Vinci
Last Supper
Period: Renaissance
Not true fresco
table serves as a barrier
Painted in an area where people eat in a monastery to share this moment with christ
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Last Supper
    Period: Renaissance
    Not true fresco
    table serves as a barrier
    Painted in an area where people eat in a monastery to share this moment with christ
    Raphael
Madonna in the Meadow
Period: Renaissance
soft modeling of figure
embodies harmony and grace of figures
vibrant colors
    Raphael
    Madonna in the Meadow
    Period: Renaissance
    soft modeling of figure
    embodies harmony and grace of figures
    vibrant colors
    Raphael
Philosophy (School of Athens), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome Italy
Period: Renaissance
Humanism, Religion and Philosophy connected together
includes famous philosophers
    Raphael
    Philosophy (School of Athens), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome Italy
    Period: Renaissance
    Humanism, Religion and Philosophy connected together
    includes famous philosophers
    Michelangelo
Buonarroti, David
period: Renaissance
meant to be on top of the Duormo
represents the republic of florence
natural and relaxed referencing the statuary of Hercules
    Michelangelo
    Buonarroti, David
    period: Renaissance
    meant to be on top of the Duormo
    represents the republic of florence
    natural and relaxed referencing the statuary of Hercules
    Michelangelo
ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Vatican City, Rome, Italy
Period: Renaissance
view of human kind in reverse
    Michelangelo
    ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
    Vatican City, Rome, Italy
    Period: Renaissance
    view of human kind in reverse
    Michelangelo
Last Judgment
altar wall of the Sistine Chapel
Period: Renaissance
Darker subject and colors
Christ is judging souls
interest in muscular forms
interest of human experience and physical forms
    Michelangelo
    Last Judgment
    altar wall of the Sistine Chapel
    Period: Renaissance
    Darker subject and colors
    Christ is judging souls
    interest in muscular forms
    interest of human experience and physical forms
    Parmigianino
Madonna of the Long Neck
Period: Mannerism
lack of rational perspective
compared to michelangelo's pieta
elongated forms and abstractions
    Parmigianino
    Madonna of the Long Neck
    Period: Mannerism
    lack of rational perspective
    compared to michelangelo’s pieta
    elongated forms and abstractions
    Jacopo da Pontormo
Descent from the Cross
Period: Mannerism
playing with viewer expectations-no cross or tomb
central void where the cross should be
bizzare configuration of figures in composition
    Jacopo da Pontormo
    Descent from the Cross
    Period: Mannerism
    playing with viewer expectations-no cross or tomb
    central void where the cross should be
    bizzare configuration of figures in composition
    Gianlorenzo Bernini
David
Galleria Borghese, Rome
Marble
Period: Baroque
moment in action
violent, pivotal moment caught in sculpture
necessary to walk around object
connection to roman disc thrower
    Gianlorenzo Bernini
    David
    Galleria Borghese, Rome
    Marble
    Period: Baroque
    moment in action
    violent, pivotal moment caught in sculpture
    necessary to walk around object
    connection to roman disc thrower
    Gianlorenzo Bernini
Ecstasy of Saint Teresa
Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria
Rome, Itay
Period: Baroque
distinction in texture-skin, wings, fabric,clouds
chiaroscuro in sculpture
not suppose to walk around sculpture
    Gianlorenzo Bernini
    Ecstasy of Saint Teresa
    Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria
    Rome, Itay
    Period: Baroque
    distinction in texture-skin, wings, fabric,clouds
    chiaroscuro in sculpture
    not suppose to walk around sculpture
    Annibale Carracci
Loves of the Gods
ceiling frescoes in the gallery
Palazzo Farnese, Rome Italy
Period: Baroque
meant to be appropriate so that lay people can read it
creating naturalism close to Raphael ( ideal and perfect)
altar piece
    Annibale Carracci
    Loves of the Gods
    ceiling frescoes in the gallery
    Palazzo Farnese, Rome Italy
    Period: Baroque
    meant to be appropriate so that lay people can read it
    creating naturalism close to Raphael ( ideal and perfect)
    altar piece
    Carvaggio
Conversion of Saint Paul
Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo
Rome, Italy
period: Baroque
different form of naturalism
dramatic use of chiarscuro
increased contrast between light and dark-tenebrism
    Carvaggio
    Conversion of Saint Paul
    Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo
    Rome, Italy
    period: Baroque
    different form of naturalism
    dramatic use of chiarscuro
    increased contrast between light and dark-tenebrism
    Caravaggio
Judith slaying Holofernes
Period: Baroque
depiction of biblical slaying
story of female heroine
    Caravaggio
    Judith slaying Holofernes
    Period: Baroque
    depiction of biblical slaying
    story of female heroine
    Artemisia Gentileschi
Judith slaying Holofernes
Period: Baroque
same depiction of caravaggio's
more realistic and from the point of view of a woman
    Artemisia Gentileschi
    Judith slaying Holofernes
    Period: Baroque
    same depiction of caravaggio’s
    more realistic and from the point of view of a woman
    Fra Andrea Pozzo
Glorification of Saint Ignatius
ceiling fresco in the nave of Sant' Ignazio
Rome, Italy
Period: Baroque
created illusion of church going into the sky
    Fra Andrea Pozzo
    Glorification of Saint Ignatius
    ceiling fresco in the nave of Sant’ Ignazio
    Rome, Italy
    Period: Baroque
    created illusion of church going into the sky
    Guido Reni
Aurora
period: Baroque
represents Aurora bringing on a new day
    Guido Reni
    Aurora
    period: Baroque
    represents Aurora bringing on a new day
    Pietro da Cortona
Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power,
Period: Baroque
Optical illusion of sky
    Pietro da Cortona
    Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power,
    Period: Baroque
    Optical illusion of sky
    Francesco Borromini
façade of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Rome, Italy
period: Baroque
Façade-distinctly baroque
created something not flat
    Francesco Borromini
    façade of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
    Rome, Italy
    period: Baroque
    Façade-distinctly baroque
    created something not flat
    Francesco
Borromini, Sant'lvo della Sapienza
period: Baroque
not static classical elements used in a different way
    Francesco
    Borromini, Sant’lvo della Sapienza
    period: Baroque
    not static classical elements used in a different way
    Florence-republic which used the symbol of david to show their independence
    Best known Italian Renaissance art patrons were the Medici family
    Discuss the cultural climate of Florence during the 15th century. What
    movements (artistic and intellectual) marked the early Southern Renaissance in
    Florence? What artists were prominent at that time? How did the political
    structure influence both patronage and the subject matter of Florentine art in
    the 15th century?

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