Arts and Crafts Origins and key principles The Arts and Crafts movement visas a British and American aesthetic movement occurring in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. Inspired by the writings of John Risking and a romantic idealization of the craftsman taking pride in his personal handiwork, it was at its height between approximately 1880 and 1910. It was a reformist movement that in nuanced British and American architecture, decorative arts, cabinet making, crafts, and even the “cottage” garden designs Of William Robinson or Gertrude Jewell.
Its best-known practitioners were William Morris. Charles Robert Achebe, T. J. Cobbled Sanderson, Walter Crane, Nelson Dawson, Phoebe Anna Tranquil, Herbert Tudor Backhand, Charles Rennin Mackintosh, Christopher Dresser, Edwin Lateens, Ernest Jimson, William Lethally, Edward Schroeder Prior, Frank Lloyd Wright, Gustavo Stickles, Charles Voyages, Christopher Whale and artists in the Pre-Raphael movement. In the United States, the terms American Craftsman, or Craftsman style are often used to denote the style of architecture, interior design, and decorative arts that prevailed between the dominant eras to ArtOrder now
Nouveau and Art Deco, or roughly the period from 1910 to 1925. The Arts and Crafts Movement began primarily as a search for authentic and meaningful styles for the 19th century and as a reaction to the eclectic revival of historic styles of the Victorian era and to “soulless” machine-made production aided by the Industrial Revolution. Considering the machine to be the root cause of all repetitive and mundane evils, some of the protagonists of this movement turned entirely away from the use of machines and towards handcraft, which tended to concentrate their productions in the hands.