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    ART 100 Final

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    The 25,000-year-old carved figurine, Venus of Willendorf, is associated with:
    The Great Mother Goddess
    The first Paleolithic wall paintings were found in the caves of France and Spain just a short 100 years ago. The most recently discovered paintings, found in 1994 in the _________ , turned out to be the oldest (about 30,000 years old).
    Chauvet cave (France)
    Paleolithic Period:
    Old Stone Age
    Neolithic Period:
    New Stone Age
    Petroglyph:
    Rock Engraving
    Stonehenge was erected around 2,000 B.C.E., which we refer to as the _______ period.
    Neolithic.
    Which is not true about Paleolithic art?
    The cave paintings are not naturalistic (life-like) depictions of animals but rather abstract patterns.
    Which of the following is not related to the ancient civilizations?
    Absence of architectural structures.
    Which territory was named Mesopotamia -“the land between the rivers?”
    Tigris and Euphrates Rivers valley (in Iraq)
    The ancient Sumerians developed the world’s first wheel, plow and _______.
    writing system.
    The Sumerians worshiped their nature gods in shrines set atop gigantic platforms called ________, which were made of sun-baked bricks (core) and fired bricks (facing).
    ziggurats
    Which is not true about Egyptian art?
    It is literature, and not the tombs, that is the main source of our knowledge about ancient Egypt.
    Egyptian pyramids were built to serve as:
    Tombs
    Mask from Mummy Case was found in the tomb of which pharaoh?
    Tutankhamen
    Earthenware Beaker
    Iran
    Burial Urn
    China
    Murujuga Petroglyphs
    Australia
    Deer and Hands (Las Manos Cave)
    Argentina
    Lyre (from “The King’s Grave”)
    Wood, gold, lapis lazuli, shell, and silver
    Head of Akkandian Ruler
    Bronze
    King of Mekaura and Queen Kamerenebty
    Sandstone (Greywacke)
    Wall Painting from the Tomn of Nabamun
    Paint dry plaster
    Stonehenge
    Neolithic Europe (England)
    The Great Pyramids at Giza
    Egypt, Old Kingdom (c. 2500 BCE)
    Ziggurat of Ur-Nammu
    Mesopotamia (Sumer)
    Funerary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
    Egypt, New Kingdom (c. 1450 BCE)
    Krater
    Vessel with handles (for mixing wine and water)
    Kouros
    Male youth.
    Kore
    Female Youth.
    Classical
    Related to logical simplicity, balance and restrained emotion.
    Who wrote a treatise on the perfect proportions and developed the canon (set of rules) for constructing the ideal human figure?
    Polykleitos
    The Greek statue of _________ is an excellent example of contrapposto.
    The Spear Bearer by Polykleitos, 5th century B.C.E.
    The Greek temple Parthenon was built in the classical period and dedicated to _______, the goddess of wisdom and protector of the Greek navy.
    Athena
    Capital
    Top part of column.
    Metope
    Square panel with sculpture (part of frieze, above the colonnade)
    Pediment
    Triangular area atop the narrow end of Greek temple (formed by gables)
    Entasis
    Slight swelling in the center of column
    Oldest, simplest and most sturdy in appearance.
    Doric order
    Taller, more elegant capital enhanced with volutes.
    Ionic order
    Complex capital composed or ornamental leaves.
    Corinthian order
    In the last 300 years B.C.E., the Greek city-states declined and a new artistic style was formed that was more dynamic and emotional. Mediterranean art created during this period is called _________ (meaning Greek-like).
    Hellenistic
    This work of art tells a dramatic story about the Trojan priest who tried to warn his people against bringing into the city of Troy the wooden horse (with cunning Greek warriors inside) – and for this, he was punished by the Greek gods.
    The Laocoon Group
    The Laocoon Group, when unearthed in Rome in 1506 (almost 2,000 years after its creation!), had a strong influence on the great Renaissance sculptor Michelangelo. Which statement is not true about this marble sculpture?
    It expresses the clarity, balance and restraint of classical art.
    Archaic period (rigid frontal poses, showing Egyptian influence)
    Kouros
    Classical period (proportional, balanced, restrained emotions)
    Spear Bearer
    Hellenistic period (dynamic, theatrical, sensuous)
    The Laocoon Group
    What is true about ancient roman art?
    -They advanced in architecture and civil engineering.
    -They admired and collected Greek art.
    -They made numerous marble copies of the Greek originals.
    -Their early sculptural portraits demonstrate harsh realism.
    =ALL OF THE ABOVE
    This grandiose amphitheater, built in 80 C.E., was named _________ (meaning gigantic).
    Colosseum (in Rome)
    Rome’s greatest contribution was in the field of architecture.
    ____________ is the most celebrated ancient example of the large domed construction.
    Pantheon temple (in Rome)
    The best preserved examples of these frescoes come from the city of _________ that was buried under the volcanic ash of Vesuvius in 79 C.E.
    Pompeii
    Coffer
    Decorative recessed square (on ceiling surface)
    Pantheon
    Temple dedicated to all gods
    Portico
    Columned Porch (entrance)
    Dome
    Hemispherical roof (half of a sphere)
    The French word Renaissance literary means “rebirth.”
    Revival of which culture gave this period its name?
    Classical Greece and Rome
    Which country was the homeland of the Renaissance?
    Italy
    This Italian artist is considered a precursor of the Renaissance.
    Giotto
    Observe the illusionistic rendition of a chapel niche in the Holy Trinity fresco by Masaccio. Which technique allowed him to achieve such a convincing three-dimensional effect in painting on a flat wall?
    Linear Perspective
    What is the name of the sculptor who revived the Greek ideal of a perfect human figure?
    Donatello
    Which fact alludes to a controversial aspect of Botticelli’s mythological painting Birth of Venus, as it was seen in 15th-century Florence?
    A nude pagan goddess was placed in a position previously reserved for the Virgin Mary.
    Which fact about the Renaissance man Leonardo da Vinci is not correct?
    His works portray people in a stylized medieval manner, and not as individuals.
    The contrapposto of his monumental David – a pose with the weight of the body on one foot – was first introduced about 2,000 years earlier, by the classical sculptors of _____________.
    Ancient Greece
    The Renaissance in Northern Europe inherited from medieval art the love for symbols. Thus, in The Arnolfini Portrait, painted by the Flemish artist Jan van Eyck, the dog is a symbol of fidelity, while the green color of the bride’s dress symbolizes _______.
    Fertility
    This artist created a famous series of paintings showing the human activities of the twelve months of the year.
    Peter Bruegel
    What is an incorrect fact about the life and work of the influential Venetian architect Andrea Palladio.
    His influence was limited only to Italy.
    Early Renaissance in Italy
    Masaccio
    High Renaissance in Italy
    Michelangelo
    Late Renaissance in Italy
    Veronese
    Renaissance in Northern Europe
    Jan Van Eyck
    The oldest of three, a true Renaissance Man; Creator of Mona lisa and Last Supper
    Leonardo
    The world’s greatest sculptor, who also painted the ceiling in the Sistine Chapel.
    Michelangelo
    The youngest painter known for his gentle Madonnas and School of Athens fresco in Vatican
    Raphael
    Masaccio
    Linear Perspective
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Sfumato and chiaroscuro
    Jan van Eyck
    Oil Painting
    Birth of Venus by Botticelli
    Tempera on canvas
    The Babe in the Womb by Leonardo
    Drawing (pen and ink)
    St. Paul Preaching at Athens by Raphael
    Watercolor
    Mary Magdalene by Donatello
    Craving (wood, partially gilded)
    The Baroque style emerged at the end of the Renaissance and roughly spanned the 17th century. Which feature is notcharacteristic of Italian Baroque art?
    logically balanced composition
    Name the prominent Italian sculptor who carved the marble statues of David and The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa.
    Berini
    The heightened emotions and dramatic use of light make The Conversion of Saint Paul by Caravaggio a prime example of _________ art.
    Baroque
    Which artist inserted his own portrait in his painting of a Spanish royal family from 1665?
    Diego Velazquez
    Which religious work of art serves as an example of the Baroque in these countries?
    Virgin of Guadalupe by Sebastian Salcedo, 1779
    In the Dutch Republic (Holland), the major patrons and buyers of art were:
    middle-class merchants and bankers
    This Flemish artist was a leading proponent of the Baroque style in Northern Europe. He was also a diplomat and prominent humanist scholar.
    Peter Paul Rubens
    Baroque art in France had a classical character due to the tastes of the “Sun King” Louis XIV. What is a good example of French Baroque architecture?
    The Royal Palace of Versailles
    In the mid 18th century, the dramatic splendor of Baroque art gave way to this decorative playful style:
    Rococo
    The artist Jan Vermeer of Delft painted many views of of his native town, where he lived all his life. What kind of painting is his name most closely associated with?
    Small paintings of simple and clean Dutch middle-class dwellings and landscapes.
    Diego Velazquez
    The Maids of Honor (La Meninas)
    Peter Paul Rubens
    The Raising of the Cross
    Rembrandt van Rijn
    Return of the Prodigal Son
    Jan Vermeer
    The Kitchen Maid
    Caravaggio and Bernini
    Italian
    Rembrandt and Vermeer
    Dutch
    Velazquez
    Spanish
    Fragonard
    French
    Baroque art in Catholic Italy and Flanders
    Religious glorifying saints and miracles.
    Baroque art in Protestant Dutch Republic
    Secular subjects – landscapes, daily life genre scenes, still life, portraits.
    Baroque art in Royal France
    Scenes of aristocratic life, gallant courtship, and festivities
    Baroque in Holland
    Allied with Protestant reformation
    Baroque in France
    Allied with aristocracy and royal court.
    Which statement is not correct about Return of the Prodigal Son, painted by one of the world’s most revered artists – Rembrandt van Rijn?
    It is a typical example of Rococo style.
    The sculpture Protective Prow Figure from a War Canoe from the Solomon Islands, represents the Oceanic belief in _________, which means “spiritual power.”
    Mana
    Known for their massive, carved and often reclining figures, the ________ initiated a major new era in Central Mexico before the Aztecs.
    Toltec
    Many Chinese bronze vessels are decorated with a taotie mask which shows a _________________.
    monster with wings, claws and horns
    Japanese ukiyo-e prints, like Kitagawa Utamaro’s Reflected Beauty, depict
    __________________.
    the everyday world
    One of the most famous monuments in Cambodia, ___________ features scenes from the life of the Hindu god Vishnu.
    Angkor Wat
    Japanese artist Sesshu Toyo’s hanging scroll, Splashed Ink Landscape is an example of a style of painting called ___________, which means “flung ink.”
    Haboku
    The ____________, is an Islamic holy book which illustrates the most respected form of Muslim calligraphy.
    Koran
    Which of the following statements about the Terra Cotta Warriors is true?
    All of the above
    In Hopi and Zuni culture, male members of tribes dress as birds, animals, clowns and demons to impersonate __________, which means invisible life force spirits.
    Kachinas
    The Tlingit Community House in Alaska includes a _____, which is characteristic of North American Indian architecture and has plant and animal imagery that represents the Tlingit clan.
    Totem
    Minaret
    A tower that is used to call the faithful to prayer.
    Mosque
    A place of worship for followers of Islam.
    Mihrab
    A niche in a building which points the way to Mecca
    Madrasa
    A Muslim theological school.
    Daoism
    Those who practice this ancient Chinese religion, believe in harmony in nature and an “inner life force.”
    Literati
    This group of artists and thinkers devoted themselves to art and poetry and refused to paint or teach for a foreign government when China was conquered by the Mongols.
    Confucianism
    According to this Chinese philosophy, ancestors live eternally and influence worldly affairs from the spiritual realm.
    Buddhism
    This religion, which originated in India, promotes belief in the power of reincarnation and enlightenment.
    Shinto Shrine at Ise
    This structure occupies a sacred site within a Japanese forest, has unpainted wood and a thatched roof and is used for practicing the indigenous religion of Japan which is based on nature and ancestor worship.
    Borubudar
    Located in Java, Indonesia, this dome-shaped structure is an example of a stupa or “sacred mountain,” and is built atop an ancient burial ground.
    Pagoda at Hoyuji Temple
    This tall, many-tiered structure was inspired by Indian stupas and Chinese watchtowers.
    Katsura Detached Palace
    This structure is an example of a 17th-century imperial villa and garden. Its design is asymmetrical and integrates natural elements like land, water, rocks and plants so that they blend with human-made elements.
    Kente Cloth
    The pattern on this African cloth, also called mmeeda, symbolizes important proverbs and ideas and is worn when something unprecedented happens.
    Aradabil Carpet
    This portable work is an example of how textiles were used in Persia to spread decorative designs, motifs and ideas to distant regions.
    Navajo Blanket
    The chevron pattern on this textile indicates the influence of Mexican weaving on certain Native American cultures.
    Adire Cloth
    The making of this textile, which represents Nigerian proverbs, involves pressing flour and water paste into a stencil on a cloth and then repeatedly dyeing the cloth a deep indigo blue which the paste resists.
    Head, Nok Culture
    One of the oldest surviving examples of Sub-Saharan art, this life-sized sculpture of a human head is made from terra cotta and shows a vivid facial expression and abstracted eyes and nose.
    Male Portrait Head, Ife Culture
    This sculpture, made from thin, hollow metal shows a naturalistic head with many fine details as it might appear in real-life.
    Benin Head, Benin
    This somewhat abstract sculpture was intended to glorify an oba, or king, or distinguished ancestors.
    Large Dance Headdress, Cameroon
    This reinterpretation of a human head, made of carved wood, shows different patterns and textures.

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    ART 100 Final. (2017, Aug 28). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/art-100-final-2-15585/

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