The 25,000-year-old carved figurine, Venus of Willendorf, is associated with:
The Great Mother Goddess
The first Paleolithic wall paintings were found in the caves of France and Spain just a short 100 years ago. The most recently discovered paintings, found in 1994 in the _________ , turned out to be the oldest (about 30,000 years old).
Chauvet cave (France)
Old Stone Age
New Stone Age
Stonehenge was erected around 2,000 B.C.E., which we refer to as the _______ period.
Which is not true about Paleolithic art?
The cave paintings are not naturalistic (life-like) depictions of animals but rather abstract patterns.
Which of the following is not related to the ancient civilizations?
Absence of architectural structures.
Which territory was named Mesopotamia -“the land between the rivers?”
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers valley (in Iraq)
The ancient Sumerians developed the world’s first wheel, plow and _______.
The Sumerians worshiped their nature gods in shrines set atop gigantic platforms called ________, which were made of sun-baked bricks (core) and fired bricks (facing).
Which is not true about Egyptian art?
It is literature, and not the tombs, that is the main source of our knowledge about ancient Egypt.
Egyptian pyramids were built to serve as:
Mask from Mummy Case was found in the tomb of which pharaoh?
Deer and Hands (Las Manos Cave)
Lyre (from “The King’s Grave”)
Wood, gold, lapis lazuli, shell, and silver
Head of Akkandian Ruler
King of Mekaura and Queen Kamerenebty
Wall Painting from the Tomn of Nabamun
Paint dry plaster
Neolithic Europe (England)
The Great Pyramids at Giza
Egypt, Old Kingdom (c. 2500 BCE)
Ziggurat of Ur-Nammu
Funerary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
Egypt, New Kingdom (c. 1450 BCE)
Vessel with handles (for mixing wine and water)
Related to logical simplicity, balance and restrained emotion.
Who wrote a treatise on the perfect proportions and developed the canon (set of rules) for constructing the ideal human figure?
The Greek statue of _________ is an excellent example of contrapposto.
The Spear Bearer by Polykleitos, 5th century B.C.E.
The Greek temple Parthenon was built in the classical period and dedicated to _______, the goddess of wisdom and protector of the Greek navy.
Top part of column.
Square panel with sculpture (part of frieze, above the colonnade)
Triangular area atop the narrow end of Greek temple (formed by gables)
Slight swelling in the center of column
Oldest, simplest and most sturdy in appearance.
Taller, more elegant capital enhanced with volutes.
Complex capital composed or ornamental leaves.
In the last 300 years B.C.E., the Greek city-states declined and a new artistic style was formed that was more dynamic and emotional. Mediterranean art created during this period is called _________ (meaning Greek-like).
This work of art tells a dramatic story about the Trojan priest who tried to warn his people against bringing into the city of Troy the wooden horse (with cunning Greek warriors inside) – and for this, he was punished by the Greek gods.
The Laocoon Group
The Laocoon Group, when unearthed in Rome in 1506 (almost 2,000 years after its creation!), had a strong influence on the great Renaissance sculptor Michelangelo. Which statement is not true about this marble sculpture?
It expresses the clarity, balance and restraint of classical art.
Archaic period (rigid frontal poses, showing Egyptian influence)
Classical period (proportional, balanced, restrained emotions)
Hellenistic period (dynamic, theatrical, sensuous)
The Laocoon Group
What is true about ancient roman art?
-They advanced in architecture and civil engineering.
-They admired and collected Greek art.
-They made numerous marble copies of the Greek originals.
-Their early sculptural portraits demonstrate harsh realism.
=ALL OF THE ABOVE
This grandiose amphitheater, built in 80 C.E., was named _________ (meaning gigantic).
Colosseum (in Rome)
Rome’s greatest contribution was in the field of architecture.
____________ is the most celebrated ancient example of the large domed construction.
Pantheon temple (in Rome)
The best preserved examples of these frescoes come from the city of _________ that was buried under the volcanic ash of Vesuvius in 79 C.E.
Decorative recessed square (on ceiling surface)
Temple dedicated to all gods
Columned Porch (entrance)
Hemispherical roof (half of a sphere)
The French word Renaissance literary means “rebirth.”
Revival of which culture gave this period its name?
Classical Greece and Rome
Which country was the homeland of the Renaissance?
This Italian artist is considered a precursor of the Renaissance.
Observe the illusionistic rendition of a chapel niche in the Holy Trinity fresco by Masaccio. Which technique allowed him to achieve such a convincing three-dimensional effect in painting on a flat wall?
What is the name of the sculptor who revived the Greek ideal of a perfect human figure?
Which fact alludes to a controversial aspect of Botticelli’s mythological painting Birth of Venus, as it was seen in 15th-century Florence?
A nude pagan goddess was placed in a position previously reserved for the Virgin Mary.
Which fact about the Renaissance man Leonardo da Vinci is not correct?
His works portray people in a stylized medieval manner, and not as individuals.
The contrapposto of his monumental David – a pose with the weight of the body on one foot – was first introduced about 2,000 years earlier, by the classical sculptors of _____________.
The Renaissance in Northern Europe inherited from medieval art the love for symbols. Thus, in The Arnolfini Portrait, painted by the Flemish artist Jan van Eyck, the dog is a symbol of fidelity, while the green color of the bride’s dress symbolizes _______.
This artist created a famous series of paintings showing the human activities of the twelve months of the year.
What is an incorrect fact about the life and work of the influential Venetian architect Andrea Palladio.
His influence was limited only to Italy.
Early Renaissance in Italy
High Renaissance in Italy
Late Renaissance in Italy
Renaissance in Northern Europe
Jan Van Eyck
The oldest of three, a true Renaissance Man; Creator of Mona lisa and Last Supper
The world’s greatest sculptor, who also painted the ceiling in the Sistine Chapel.
The youngest painter known for his gentle Madonnas and School of Athens fresco in Vatican
Leonardo da Vinci
Sfumato and chiaroscuro
Jan van Eyck
Birth of Venus by Botticelli
Tempera on canvas
The Babe in the Womb by Leonardo
Drawing (pen and ink)
St. Paul Preaching at Athens by Raphael
Mary Magdalene by Donatello
Craving (wood, partially gilded)
The Baroque style emerged at the end of the Renaissance and roughly spanned the 17th century. Which feature is notcharacteristic of Italian Baroque art?
logically balanced composition
Name the prominent Italian sculptor who carved the marble statues of David and The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa.
The heightened emotions and dramatic use of light make The Conversion of Saint Paul by Caravaggio a prime example of _________ art.
Which artist inserted his own portrait in his painting of a Spanish royal family from 1665?
Which religious work of art serves as an example of the Baroque in these countries?
Virgin of Guadalupe by Sebastian Salcedo, 1779
In the Dutch Republic (Holland), the major patrons and buyers of art were:
middle-class merchants and bankers
This Flemish artist was a leading proponent of the Baroque style in Northern Europe. He was also a diplomat and prominent humanist scholar.
Peter Paul Rubens
Baroque art in France had a classical character due to the tastes of the “Sun King” Louis XIV. What is a good example of French Baroque architecture?
The Royal Palace of Versailles
In the mid 18th century, the dramatic splendor of Baroque art gave way to this decorative playful style:
The artist Jan Vermeer of Delft painted many views of of his native town, where he lived all his life. What kind of painting is his name most closely associated with?
Small paintings of simple and clean Dutch middle-class dwellings and landscapes.
The Maids of Honor (La Meninas)
Peter Paul Rubens
The Raising of the Cross
Rembrandt van Rijn
Return of the Prodigal Son
The Kitchen Maid
Caravaggio and Bernini
Rembrandt and Vermeer
Baroque art in Catholic Italy and Flanders
Religious glorifying saints and miracles.
Baroque art in Protestant Dutch Republic
Secular subjects – landscapes, daily life genre scenes, still life, portraits.
Baroque art in Royal France
Scenes of aristocratic life, gallant courtship, and festivities
Baroque in Holland
Allied with Protestant reformation
Baroque in France
Allied with aristocracy and royal court.
Which statement is not correct about Return of the Prodigal Son, painted by one of the world’s most revered artists – Rembrandt van Rijn?
It is a typical example of Rococo style.
The sculpture Protective Prow Figure from a War Canoe from the Solomon Islands, represents the Oceanic belief in _________, which means “spiritual power.”
Known for their massive, carved and often reclining figures, the ________ initiated a major new era in Central Mexico before the Aztecs.
Many Chinese bronze vessels are decorated with a taotie mask which shows a _________________.
monster with wings, claws and horns
Japanese ukiyo-e prints, like Kitagawa Utamaro’s Reflected Beauty, depict
the everyday world
One of the most famous monuments in Cambodia, ___________ features scenes from the life of the Hindu god Vishnu.
Japanese artist Sesshu Toyo’s hanging scroll, Splashed Ink Landscape is an example of a style of painting called ___________, which means “flung ink.”
The ____________, is an Islamic holy book which illustrates the most respected form of Muslim calligraphy.
Which of the following statements about the Terra Cotta Warriors is true?
All of the above
In Hopi and Zuni culture, male members of tribes dress as birds, animals, clowns and demons to impersonate __________, which means invisible life force spirits.
The Tlingit Community House in Alaska includes a _____, which is characteristic of North American Indian architecture and has plant and animal imagery that represents the Tlingit clan.
A tower that is used to call the faithful to prayer.
A place of worship for followers of Islam.
A niche in a building which points the way to Mecca
A Muslim theological school.
Those who practice this ancient Chinese religion, believe in harmony in nature and an “inner life force.”
This group of artists and thinkers devoted themselves to art and poetry and refused to paint or teach for a foreign government when China was conquered by the Mongols.
According to this Chinese philosophy, ancestors live eternally and influence worldly affairs from the spiritual realm.
This religion, which originated in India, promotes belief in the power of reincarnation and enlightenment.
Shinto Shrine at Ise
This structure occupies a sacred site within a Japanese forest, has unpainted wood and a thatched roof and is used for practicing the indigenous religion of Japan which is based on nature and ancestor worship.
Located in Java, Indonesia, this dome-shaped structure is an example of a stupa or “sacred mountain,” and is built atop an ancient burial ground.
Pagoda at Hoyuji Temple
This tall, many-tiered structure was inspired by Indian stupas and Chinese watchtowers.
Katsura Detached Palace
This structure is an example of a 17th-century imperial villa and garden. Its design is asymmetrical and integrates natural elements like land, water, rocks and plants so that they blend with human-made elements.
The pattern on this African cloth, also called mmeeda, symbolizes important proverbs and ideas and is worn when something unprecedented happens.
This portable work is an example of how textiles were used in Persia to spread decorative designs, motifs and ideas to distant regions.
The chevron pattern on this textile indicates the influence of Mexican weaving on certain Native American cultures.
The making of this textile, which represents Nigerian proverbs, involves pressing flour and water paste into a stencil on a cloth and then repeatedly dyeing the cloth a deep indigo blue which the paste resists.
Head, Nok Culture
One of the oldest surviving examples of Sub-Saharan art, this life-sized sculpture of a human head is made from terra cotta and shows a vivid facial expression and abstracted eyes and nose.
Male Portrait Head, Ife Culture
This sculpture, made from thin, hollow metal shows a naturalistic head with many fine details as it might appear in real-life.
Benin Head, Benin
This somewhat abstract sculpture was intended to glorify an oba, or king, or distinguished ancestors.
Large Dance Headdress, Cameroon
This reinterpretation of a human head, made of carved wood, shows different patterns and textures.