China has the world’s oldest living civilization. It’s written history goes back almost 3,500 years, and the history told by it’s artifacts and artwork goes back much farther. The oldest known works of Chinese art include pottery and jade carvings from the time of 5000 BC. Jade is a general term used to describe either jadeite or nephrite, known as true jade. It’s composed of several minerals. It’s smooth and rich in texture, but it’s also extremely tough. It can be off-white, or dark green, and sometimes has a reddish tint. Authentic jade is cool and never translucent.Order now
The philosopher Confucius described jade perfectly when he said: “It is soft, smooth and shining- like intelligence. It’s edges seem sharp but do not cut- like justice. It hangs down to the ground- like humility. When struckm, it gives clear, ringing sounds- like music. The strains in it are not hidden and add to it’s beauty- like truthfulness. It has brightness- like heaven. It’s firm substance is born of the mountains and the waters- like the earth. ” The material has been used since the Shang dynasty, which lasted from 1766-1022 B. C.
They see it as a sign of wealth and authority and also as an object of beauty. The chinese word for jade is yu. During the Ming dynasty, the Chinese people thought that only green or white stones were true jade, and the other colors were called fu yu, or false jade. It was classified into nine different colors during the Tsin dynasty, and has more recently been classified into many different categories. Jade is one of the touchest stones in the world, near the diamond because of overlapping fibers within the stone. Tons of pressure are needed to crush some of the larger pieces of jade.
A single cut through a one foot cube of jade would take several weeks. The ancient chinese people thought that jade had special powers, and they used it in rituals and ceremonies. It was also beleived to have medical uses, but the most common use is for decoration. Jade is not mined in China, but China is still considered the “home” of jade because the artists from China have learned to carve the stone better than the artists from any other country. The ancient artists would stare at rough pieces of jade, and then decide what they wanted to carve it into.
Chinese pottery is also an ancient form of art in China. It was first created in the pre-dynastic neolithic era. Some fragments of pottery are from 3,000 B. C. 4,000 years after that, the porcelain from the Sung and Ming dynasty, the most famous and beautiful porcelain in the world, was created. Although other countries also created China, the pottery originated in Asia. French porcelain was inspired by the delicate white work from the Ting dynasty, and Clue and white Dutch Delft porcelain was modeled after pottery from the Ming dynasty.
Pottery started out as functional, but became more ornamental as the centires continued. the themes of the painted and carved porcelain were mostly nature scenes, but they were also from folklore. Artrists originaly molded the clay with their hands and set it in the sun to try. Eventualy they began to use a potter’s wheel, and they used a glaze at the same time as the romans. During the Tang dynasty, Chinese pottery began to develop it’s own distict style. They used the first colored glazes, and underglaze painting.
The best pottery came from the time between the Sung dynasty and the Ming times, when the King hired officials to work in his court strictly as potters. When these artists made mistakes in their work (cracks or drips), they used the mistakes to create a picture, such as turning a crack into a tree, or a drip into a teardrop. Although painting was not China’s first form of art, it is probably the most important and dominating form today. Chinese paintings have always tried to capture philosophy as well as details. 1,400 years ago, Hsieh Ho, made six basic laws for painting, which artists in China still follow today.
They are: 1. Paiting has to have rythem and movement, it has an existence of its own 2. The brush should be used to establish structure in painting in the same manner as in calligraphy 3. Observe conformity with nature and natural proportions 4. Use color appropriately 5. Live up to tradition by copying the masters Chinese artists try to create perfect artwork because they beleive strongly in the philosophy of painting, and many paintings are missing objects that the artist did not think necessary, such as the water around a fish.