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    Chp 1-9 + Oedipus the King

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    Imhotep was… (Chp 1-3)
    the Egyptian architect who designed the Step Pyramid at Saqqara.
    What is the best definition of “humanism”? (Chp 1-3)
    The study of what it means to be human.
    The picture depicts what type of Greek architecture? Corinthian (Chp 1-3)
    Corinthian (page 47)
    Which of the following statements is not true of Greek sculpture? (Chp 1-3)
    The human form was less realistic and lifelike than in Egyptian sculpture.
    In what main way did the Greek religion differ from the Egyptian religion? (Chp 1-3)
    To the Greeks, the afterlife was not as important as life on earth.
    The picture depicts what type of Greek architecture? Doric (Chp 1-3)
    Doric (page 47)
    The artwork pictured is an example of _____________ , a wall painting made on wet plaster. (Chp 1-3)
    fresco
    The island of Crete was home to what ancient culture? (Chp 1-3)
    the Minoans
    What aspect of the Egyptian religion greatly influenced their art and architechture? (Chp 1-3)
    the importance of life after death
    Which represents the best definition of “art”? (Chp 1-3)
    The expression of the characteristic attitudes of the people of a certain age toward important aspects of life.
    Which of the following was not an important aspect of Greek art and architecture? (Chp 1-3)
    the afterlife
    A sculpture in which 3-dimensional forms are carved from a flat background is known as… (Chp 1-3)
    relief sculpture.
    A column is… (Chp 1-3)
    an upright support, usually cylindrical, for a roof or the upper part of a building.
    Where were the ancient drawings such as these found? (Chp 1-3)
    Lascaux caves in France
    How did the Spartans’ conquering of the Athenians affect Greek art and architecture? (Chp 1-3)
    The art became more vulgar, violent, and dramatic.
    What we know of Greek music is known through… (Chp 1-3)
    all of the above
    The piece of artwork pictured is known as… (Chp 1-3)
    the Venus of Willendorf.page 35
    The sculpture pictured is known as… (Chp 1-3)
    Nike of Samothrace (Winged Victory). page 56
    What structure is pictured? (Chp 1-3)
    The Great Sphinx at Giza.page 38
    For what purpose were the Egyptian pyramids constructed? (Chp 1-3)
    As tombs for great kings.
    Art periods are not divided exactly; they are only estimated periods of time and they often overlap. (Chp 1-3)
    Art periods are not divided exactly; they are only estimated periods of time and they often overlap.
    What types of scenes are found painted on Greek vases? (Chp 1-3)
    all of the above
    The ___________ is one of the supreme examples of Doric architecture and was built in honor of ____________ , the Greek goddess of wisdom. (Chp 1-3)
    Parthenon / Athena
    The picture depicts what type of Greek architecture? Ionic (Chp 1-3)
    Ionic page 47
    To truly appreciate and understand art, you must… (Chp 1-3)
    engage it and experience it on a personal level.
    Murals are… (Chp 1-3)
    wall paintings.
    What term refers to the symbolic writing of the Egyptians? (Chp 1-3)
    hieroglyphics
    Art cannot truly exist without… (Chp 1-3)
    an artist and an audience.
    This piece of artwork came from which historical period? (Chp 1-3)
    Paleolithic page 35
    A _________ is an ornate or simple top to a column. (Chp 1-3)
    capital
    Which of the following statements is not true of ancient art? (Chp 1-3)
    It was not important to ancient people.
    What term refers to a type of architectural structure in which two or more vertical columns support a horizontal beam? (Chp 1-3)
    post-and-lintel
    The artwork pictured is known as… (Chp 1-3)Chp 4
    Acrobats and Bull.page 42
    What is the structure pictured? page 68 Chp 4
    Colosseum
    According to Cicero, Roman law was based on… Chp 4
    common citizens using good sense.
    The structure pictured incorporates the architectural styles of… page 67 Chp 4
    both the Greeks and Romans.
    In what three areas did the Romans excel? Chp 4
    Architecture, engineering, and law.
    The ___________ was an aqueduct built in France; it is 900 feet long and 180 feet high. Chp 4
    Pont du Gard
    Around 400 B.C., Rome started as… Chp 4
    a small society of landowners and farmers.
    What significant contribution to sculpture by the Romans is evident in the Ara Pacis Frieze (pictured)? Chp 4
    The use of perspective to create an illusion of space. page 73
    A/an __________ is a structure built to bring water into cities from long distances. Chp 4
    aqueduct
    What architectural structure is pictured? page 66 Chp 4
    groined vault
    What Roman authored the book entitled De Architectura (On Architecture)? Chp 4
    Vitruvius
    The floorplan and drawing pictured are those of what famous structure? Chp 4
    Old St. Peter’s page 76
    The Romans devised a system of casting and molds in order to… Chp 4
    make copies of Greek sculptures.
    Roman music… Chp 4
    was used in entertainment and public events.
    The term __________ refers to a design composed of small units of stone, glass, or porcelain set in mortar (like the one pictured). Chp 4
    mosaic
    Which of the following areas was not under the control of the Roman Empire? Chp 4
    the Americas
    As the early Romans gained control of more land, they… Chp 4
    all of the above
    The structure pictured was used for… (colosseum) Chp 4
    all of the above page 68
    The __________ was a Roman building built in honor of all the gods. Chp 4
    Pantheon
    A __________ is a rectangular hall flanked by aisles, and its design was derived from Greek temples. Chp 4
    basilica
    A/an ___________ is a hemispherical vault supported by columns or walls; this architectural structure is still used today in many government and public buildings. Chp 4
    dome
    What architectural structure is pictured? page 66 Chp 4
    post and lintel
    The __________ became an important symbol in Christian art and architecture. Chp 4
    cross
    What architectural structure is pictured? page 66 Chp 4
    rounded arch
    What architectural structure is pictured? page 66 Chp 4
    barrel vault
    Which of the following statements about Roman sculpture is not true? Chp 4
    The Romans did not create any sculpture of their own.
    Which of the following statements is not true of the music of the early Christians? Chp 4
    They used it as entertainment outside of their worship services.
    Which of the following statements is not true of the early Christians? Chp 4
    They were forced by the Romans to create original works of art.
    The term “arched vault” refers to… Chp 4
    The term “arched vault” refers to…
    Which of the following statements is not true of the Roman religion? Chp 4
    The Romans thought worshipping more than one god, like the Greeks did, was wrong.
    The Byzantine style is known for its… Chp 4
    (all of the above)
    brilliant colors.
    complex patterns.
    sensuous expressions.
    Christian art was able to flourish… Chp 4
    after Roman leaders converted to Christianity.
    ______________ is another name for a porch. Chp 4
    Portico
    Which of the following statements is not true of the Romans? Chp 4
    They destroyed much of the Greek artwork when they conquered the Greeks.
    Monks took a vow of… Chp 5-6
    all of the above
    Which of the following statements is not true? Chp 5-6
    The Greeks and Romans were more concerned about the afterlife than Medieval people.
    The human figures in Romanesque sculpture can best be described as…
    skeletal.
    The cathedral pictured is an excellent example of Gothic architecture because… page 108 Chp 5-6
    it employs the use of flying buttresses.
    The structure pictured is… page 90 Chp 5-6
    Notre Dame la Grande.
    Which of the following statements is not true of Romanesque architecture?Chp 5-6
    Romanesque churches employed many brilliant colors into their decorations.
    The __________ is the area of a Christian church around the high altar, usually reserved for the clergy and separates the clergy from the congregation. Chp 5-6
    chancel
    The ______________ is an aisle of walkway around the cloister of a church or monastery. Chp 5-6
    ambulatory
    The _____________ refers to the formal service of worship in Medieval churches. Chp 5-6
    liturgy
    Holy relics, which were pieces of saints or their clothing, were… Chp 5-6
    incorporated into the architecture of churches.
    To keep buildings fireproof, Romanesque architects… Chp 5-6
    used heavy stone ceilings and thick walls with few windows.
    Which of the following statements is not true of Gothic architecture? Chp 5-6
    Gothic cathedrals were dark and gloomy like Romanesque cathedrals.
    The central aisle or portion of a church is called… Chp 5-6
    The central aisle or portion of a church is called…
    Which well known French monastery is pictured? page 84 Chp 5-6
    Cluny Abbey
    The Romanesque style is marked by… Chp 5-6
    its stark simplicity and use of the rounded arch.
    The people of the Romanesque period believed that the main purpose of all painting, architecture, and sculpture was… Chp 5-6
    to teach religious lessons or doctrines.
    The artistic developments in the Medieval period sprang almost solely from… Chp 5-6
    the Church.
    The two main types of architecture during the Medieval period were… Chp 5-6
    religious structures and castles/fortresses.
    What term refers to a socioeconomic system in which lords, who owned a majority of the land and wealth, had small communities where servants and slaves worked the land? Chp 5-6
    feudalism
    During the Gothic period, there was a gradual movement… Chp 5-6
    from spiritual importance to humanism.
    A/an _____________ is a half arch used to counteract the outward thrust of the vault and to transfer the thrust to piers outside the walls. Chp 5-6
    flying buttress
    The monastic movement involved… Chp 5-6
    all of the above
    Which of the following statements best sums up the Medieval attitude toward life? Chp 5-6
    Life is dirty and sordid.
    Which of the following is not one of the styles of the English Gothic? Chp 5-6
    Dorian
    Which of the following statements is not true of Gothic music? Chp 5-6
    The strict rules and formulas that applied to Gothic art and architecture did not apply to Gothic music.
    Who painted the work pictured, titled Lamentation of Christ? page 115 colorplate 19 Chp 5-6
    Giotto di Bondone
    Gregorian chants were a kind of chant used in Roman churches and were named after… Chp 5-6
    Pope Gregory I.
    The ____________ is the surface above a door and below an arch, usually filled with sculpted figures. Chp 5-6
    tympanum
    The set of rules that was established in 787 for artistic representation of religious subjects stated that… Chp 5-6
    the Church decided what things were represented in art and how they were to be represented.
    The ____________ is the semicircular part of the church that projects from its main axis. Chp 5-6
    apse
    ______________ were poets who wrote and sang poems about the beauty of anonymous women. Chp 5-6
    Troubadours
    Which of the following statements is not true of Romanesque music? Chp 5-6
    Romanesque composers saw themselves as individual artists and assigned their names to their music.
    Romanesque composers saw themselves as individual artists and assigned their names to their music. Chp 5-6
    the Second Council of Nicaea
    The Renaissance is marked by a return to… Chp 7
    the humanism of the Greeks.
    ______________ was the central figure of the Renaissance; he was a painter, sculptor, scientist, engineer, poet, and inventor. Chp 7
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Which of the following statements does not apply to the Renaissance?
    Chp 7
    Which of the following statements does not apply to the Renaissance?
    Donatello’s David (pictured) is a sculpture that exhibits ___________ , a slight displacement of the hips and straightening of one leg to show the weight of the figure resting on that leg. page 146 Chp 7
    contrapposto
    Which of the following statements does not apply to the Renaissance? Chp 7
    The religious skepticism that had begun in the Gothic period had ceased by the beginning of the Renaissance.
    More trade and commerce during the Renaissance and a focus on individual beliefs and pursuits led to… Chp 7
    materialism, a focus on material goods.
    The painting depicted was painted by Botticelli and is entitled… page 146 colorplate 23 Chp 7
    The Birth of Venus.
    Early Renaissance artists employed linear perspective in their paintings to create some illusion of space, but later Renaissance paintings had no depth and were not very realistic. Chp 7
    False
    A ___________ is a hymn tune of the German Protestant church, which later became conventional congregational hymns. Chp 7
    chorale
    The sculpture pictured, entitled Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife, is unique because… page 149 Chp 7
    it was created by a female sculptor, Properzia de Rossi.
    The painting depicted, entitled Creation by Michelangelo, was painted… page 146 colorplate 27
    in the Sistine Chapel.
    The artwork depicted, entitled Knight, Death, and the Devil, was created by… page 145
    Albrecht Durer.
    ____________ is the graphic technique in which the cutaway parts retain ink for printing, as in engraving.
    Intaglio
    _____________ conducted extensive dissections of human and animal cadavers in order to study anatomy for his art; his paintings are referred to as “painted sculpture” because he was also a sculptor and incorporated sculpting techniques into his paintings.
    Michelangelo
    How did the attitudes of the people of the Renaissance differ from the attitudes of the Greeks?
    all of the above
    The painting depicted, featuring the entire Medici family and the artist himself in a biblical scene, is… page 146 colorplate 20
    Adoration of the Magi by Botticelli.
    During the Renaissance, secular music…
    all of the above
    In the painting depicted, the headdress in the lower left corner is an object of symbolism, signifying the unity of the Eastern church and Western church.
    True
    Which of the following pieces of artwork was not done by da Vinci?
    page 147 colorplate 28
    The Renaissance painter who was known for his paintings of the struggles between Catholics and Protestants, landscapes, and depictions of common people was…
    Pieter Brueghel.
    _________ became the center of much cultural activity during the Renaissance and dominated the period’s artistic movements.
    Italy
    The painting depicted, entitled The Dead Christ by Mantegna, is an example of _________ , the application of linear perspective to human and other forms to help achieve a dramatic illusion of three-dimensional space. page 134
    foreshortening
    The structure pictured, known as the Villa Rotonda, shows that Renaissance architects… page 151
    used a classical style based on Greek architecture.
    ________________ is the movement in which some artists chose to imitate the masters of the time but others chose to move away from the past and the styles of the time. It signaled the end of the Renaissance and the beginning of the Baroque.
    Mannerism
    Which of the following statements does not apply to the Church during the Renaissance?
    Which of the following statements does not apply to the Church during the Renaissance?
    Which of the following statements does not apply to Renaissance portraits?
    Wealthy individuals wanted the artist to paint very realistic portraits of them, no matter how unflattering these depictions might be.
    Which of the following did not contribute to more realism in Renaissance art?
    religious crusades
    The painting depicted, entitled Annunciation, was painted by… page 146 colorplate 22
    Fra Angelico.
    ________________ is a style of painting that represents common people in common pursuits.
    Genre painting
    The Renaissance is often called the ___________ because art and music reflected the individual personalities and imaginations of their creators.
    “age of geniuses”
    __________________ was one of the most famous composers of polyphony, and his most famous motet is entitled Ave Maria.
    Josquin Desprez
    The word “renaissance” means…
    “rebirth.”
    In Renaissance painting, the lines…
    were usually clearly defined and curvilinear, which created smooth-flowing motion.
    In Greek plays, the actors often…
    wore masks to portray different characters.
    At the end of the play, what is Oedipus’s punishment?
    He is exiled from Thebes.
    The term ________ refers to the team of dancers or group of speakers in a Greek play.
    chorus
    _________ is the blind prophet of Thebes who knows the truth about Oedipus’s life.
    Tiresias
    Whom does Oedipus ask to care for his daughters?
    Creon
    Which of the following provides the most accurate description of the Greek theater’s stage?
    A simple stage with only a few props.
    Jocasta tells Oedipus that all prophets are false because an oracle once told her husband that he would be murdered by his son, but she believes – as do most of the people of Thebes – that her husband was murdered by…
    thieves.
    When Oedipus was a child, an oracle told his parents that his destiny was to…
    murder his father and marry his mother.
    What does Oedipus use to blind himself?
    Pins from Jocasta’s robe.
    Sophocles uses the metaphor of blindness (through the blind prophet and Oedipus blinding himself at the end) to say that…
    some people are “blind” to, or choose not to see, the truths right in front of them.
    Which of the following statements about the Greek theater is not true?
    Women made up a majority of the audience at the theater.
    ____________ is Oedipus’s brother-in-law and second in command.
    Creon
    At the beginning of the play, why has Oedipus sent Creon to Delphi?
    To consult the oracle to find the reason for the plague on Thebes.
    Which of the following statements best describes Oedipus’s personality?
    He is intelligent, quick to action, and likes to solve riddles.
    How does Oedipus react when Tiresias tells him that Oedipus himself is the reason for the plague?
    He is infuriated and accused Tiresias and Creon of conspiring to overthrow him.
    Oedipus the King was written by…
    Sophocles.
    The plays performed in ancient Greece were usually…
    based on myths or stories well known to the audience.
    Jocasta tells Oedipus that her first husband was murdered…
    at a three-way crossroads.
    How does Oedipus react when he learns that his adoptive father in Corinth has died from natural causes?
    He is happy because he thinks it means he will not kill his father.
    Oedipus was raised by his adoptive parents, ___________________ , in Corinth.
    Polybus and Merope
    At the beginning of the play, why are the townspeople and priests gathered outside of Oedipus’s palace?
    To beg Oedipus to help the city and its people.
    The term _________ refers to the use of violence and horror to shock a play’s audience.
    spectacle
    What does the shepherd tell Oedipus about Oedipus’s childhood?
    That Jocasta gave him to the shepherd and told the shepherd to kill him.
    The Chorus’s reactions can be lessons in how ____________ should interpret or react to what is happening in the play.
    the audience
    Oedipus tells his daughters at the end of the play that he weeps for them because…
    no one will want to marry the children of an incestuous marriage.
    How does Jocasta die?
    She hangs herself.
    In Athens, theater began as…
    a religious dancing ritual in worship of Dionysus.
    According to the legend, how did Oedipus become the king of Thebes before the action of the play begins?
    He solved the riddle of the Sphinx.
    The literal meaning of the name Oedipus is…
    “swollen foot.”
    What is the reason for the plague on Thebes?
    The previous king’s murderer is living within the city.
    Why does Oedipus walk with a limp?
    When he was a child his ankles were pinned together.
    Jocasta is…
    Oedipus’s wife and mother.
    Oedipus says that when the king’s murderer is caught, his or her punishment will be…
    exile.

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