The years from 1305-1417 when the pope lived in Avignon France as a ‘guest’ of the French king.
Concordat of Bologna
(1516) Reversed the PRAGMATIC SANCTIONS OF BOURGES (1438) and agrees France will pay tithes to the pope in return for the French kind appointing his own church officials.
Council of Blood
(1567) Philip II sends in troops and the Inquistion to suppress the Revolt in the Netherlands and leads to a nationalistic revolt of the Dutch.
(911) Major Catholic reforms like Celibacy, Papal leadership, and ordination by the Church. The modern Catholic Church dates from this time.
Council of Trent
(1545-1563) Start of Catholic Counter Reformation. Defrats Councilior Movement & re-codifies Catholic dogma. Pope is head of One Catholic Church & infallible when speaking “Ex Cathedra”
(1409) Because of the Babylonian Captivity, top Church officials gathered to create a church parilament to run the church rather than rely on the Pope(s).
Council of Constance
(1414) Church officals met to end the “Schism” caused by the Babylonian Captivity, end Heresy, and reform the church.
Defenestration of Prague
(1618) The start of the Thrity Years War when Czech protestants threw representative of the HRE out of the top floor window to indicate their displeasure at his attempt to re-conquer them.
(1054) Split between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church over issues like the worship of Icons as false gods.
League of Catholic States
Catholic countries which fought together to re-catholocize Europe durning the Thirty Years War.
Peace of Augsburg
(1555) Ended the conflict between the church and Lutherans.
1. Lutherabs are allowed to exist as a religion and not be heretics
2. Princes decide the religion of their realm (cuius regio, eius religio)
Peace of Westphalia
(1648) Ended the Thirty Years War, causing the HREmperor to lose power, recognized Calvinism as a Religion, created the Staatensystem, and secularized political power in Europe.
Protestant countries which joined together for defense durning the Thirty Years War.
(1378-1417) The split in the Catholic church caused by the election of two and then three popes during the Babylonian Captivity.
Unified German city-states, which fought against Charles V.
St. Bartholomew’s Day Madsacre
(1572) Slaughter of Huguenots at the marriage of Henry IV of France resulting in the passing of the first religious bill of toleration- THE EDICT OF NANTES
the modern system of independent states with no medieval-feudal ties or religious ties of fealty to the Pope.
Treaty of Tordesilla
In 1484 the pope splits the bew world with an imaginary line to avoid war between spain and portugal and unwittingly creates Brazil.
Union of Utrecht
(1579) Union formed by Holland and Zealand against Spain.
4th Lateran Council
(1215) Solidfied the Dogma of the Catholic Church and accepted sucg concepts as Transubstantiation and the Sacraments.
12 Year Truce
(1609) Divided the Spanish Netherlands into Holland-Protestant, Belgium-Catholic.