The Renaissance began in______. It spread ______ to the rest of Europe,
There was a new interest in the culture of ancient ______.
Because Italy had been the center of the _____ empire, it was the logical p,lace for this reawakening to begin.
Italian cities in the north like _____, ______, ________, and Genoa grew into rich cities of trade and manufacturing.
A wealthy and powerful _____ class in these cities promoted (paid) for this cultural rebirth.
They stressed _______ and ________ achievement AND they spent a lot of money on the arts.
Florence more than any other city came to symbolize the ________________ Renaissance.
Energy and brilliance of the Italian.
It produced a many gifted _____, artists, architects, scholars, and scientists in ashore period of time.
The ______ family of Florence ran a successful banking business. The medici is were one of the richest families in Europe,
Lorenzo Medici known as “___________” represented the Renaissance ideal.- he was a clever politician and a generous _______, or financial supporter of the arts.
A time of creativity and change in many areas such as _______, ______, ________, and cultural.
Most importantly it was the _____ people viewed themselves and their world
_________ had survived as the language of the _____ and ________ people.
Renaissance thinkers explored the __________ of life in the ______and _______.- not life after death as in the middle ages.
Richness and variety.
There was also an emphasis on _______ achievement.
The Renaissance person was the person with _____ in many _______.
An ________ movement that focused on worldly subjects rather than on ______ issues that dominated medieval thinkers.
Main areas of study included ______, rhetoric, poetry, and history.
____________ from Florence assembled a _______ of Greek and roman manuscripts. He brought back the works of _______,________, and cierco. His work- ______________ we’re love poems and greatly influenced later writers.
His sonnets to Laura.
The sculptor ______ created a life size stature of a soldier on horseback- first figure done since ancient times,
_________ making distant objects smaller Than those close to the viewer made paintings look 3 dimensional and therefore more realistic,
Women may have used their husbands to showcase their art, but eventually a few gained acceptance.
Sofonisha Anguissola became _________ to King Philip II of Spain.
Renaissance architects rejected the ______ style of the Middle Ages and adopted _______, _______, and domes favored by Greeks and Romans.
The 3 celebrated masters from Florence were ____________, ___________, and _________.
Leonardo de Vinci.
Leonardo da Vinci was ________ inventer. He made sketches of nature,and dissected corpses to ________________________.
Learn how bones and muscles work.
Most popular painting-___________ showed realism. His painting-__________ is a masterpiece of perspective.
His interests included- botany, anatomy,optics, architecture, ______, and __________.
He made sketches of flying machines and undersea boats centuries before the first _________ or _________ was actually built.
Like Leonardo,Michelangelo was a ________ genius. Areas included-________,_________,___________,architect, and poet.
Sculpted marble into the ________, and __________.
One of his greatest projects- painting a huge ________ to decorate the ceiling of the ______chapel in Rome. It took him ______ years to complete.
He was also a talented _______. Most famous design was for the dome of _____________
St. Peter’s cathedral.
Raphael studied the works of _________and _________. His paintings blend _________and ______ styles. He is best known for his paintings of the _______, the mother of Jesus.
Poets, artists and scholars mixed with _________ at the courts or Renaissance rulers. Literature of ” _________” books sprang up to help ambitious men and women who wanted to rise in the Renaissance world.
Most widely read of these handbooks was ______________.
The book of the courtier.
____________. It describes the _________, ___________, and _________ that a member of the court should have.
Castiglione’s ideal man was ______________.
The ideal woman was __________________.
Balance- widely reserved.
Wrote the handbook,____________ which combined his personal experience with ________ with his knowledge of the _______ to offer a guide to rulers on how to ______ and _______ power.
The prince looked at real rulers in an age of ruthless power ______, not ideal rulers. He urged rulers to use whatever ________________ to achieve their goals.
Methods were necessary.
Machiavelli saw himself as an enemy of ________ and _________. His work raises important ethical questions about _______ and the use of ______.