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Music Appreciation: Medieval and Renaissance

The Middle ages
dark ages
most important musicians in the middle ages

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Monks in monasteries
Who had a monopoly on learning in the middle ages
Hildegard of Bingen
Most important woman composer of the middle ages
Gregorian Chant
Monophonic melody
Church modes
ike the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher
Ordo virtutum
A dramatic play written by Hildegard Voni Bingen. About the devil fighting for souls
Trouvere songs dealt with the following themes_______________
troubadour and trouvere’s lacked in
wandering minstrels, performed music and acrobates in castles,taverns,and towns
Medieval instrumental dance that features a series of sections, each played twice with two different endings, Ouvert and Clos.
monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to Gregorian chant
What was the beginning of polyphony (during 700-900)
Earliest kind of polyphonic music, which developed from the custom of adding voices above a plainchant; they first ran parallel to it at the interval of a fifth or fourth and later moved more freely
Center of polyphonic music after 1150
Leonin and Perotin
earliest composer of measured rhythm
Difference between ARS NOVA and older music
a new system of notation permitted composers to specify almost any rhythmic pattern
Francesco Landini
Great composer of ARS NOVA
Parts of mass
Kyrie,Gloria,Credo,Sanctus,and Agnus Dei
Cantus firmus
A chant that is used as the basis for polyphony is
The Renaissance
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
– More than one line or melody produced simultaneously.
Council of trent
Called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend.
A cappella
Without musical accompaniment
renaissance madrigal
a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love. It uses word painting and unusual harmonies.
word painting
Musical illustrations of verbal concepts
most instrumental music in the Renaissance was made for
A set of dances, generally referred to as simply a suite
(Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist
Requiem Mass
Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead
A composition written systematically in imitative polyphony, usually with a single main theme, the fugue subject
Creator of chant
What did Pope Gregory do for chant
age of curiosity and individualism
leading music center in 16th century Europe
Renaissance motet
a polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass
Palestrina spent most of his career in
madrigal began in
Queen Elizabeth I
Triumphes and Oriana were written in honor of
plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear
St. Marks Cathedral
focal point of music in venice was
Purpose of instrumental music during religious services in the Middle Ages
Feast Days and Special Events
Second Vatican Statement on Latin
Allowed churches to hold mass in their native language
The Notre Dame mass was unique because
It is the first polyphonic treatment of a mass ordinary by a known composer
Educated persons in the Renaissance where expected to
be trained in music
The Renaissance may be described as an age of
curiosity and individualism
Venetian choral music of the last sixteenth century contained parts written exclusively for instruments

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Music Appreciation: Medieval and Renaissance
The Middle ages 450-1450 dark ages 476-800
2021-02-24 03:20:08
Music Appreciation: Medieval and Renaissance
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