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    Music Appreciation ch. 16-20

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    Which of the following does NOT characterize secular music-making in the Renaissance?
    women were discouraged from performing music in the home
    The expressive device that Renaissance composes used to pictorialize words musically is called:
    Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?
    the madrigal
    Where was the madrigal first developed?
    The vivid depiction of a text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of the:
    Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so important?
    they brought a new level of expression to the madrigal
    Madrigals with simper and more accessible texts were especially favored in:
    Which of the following best describes the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis?
    pastoral and light
    Who invented the printing press?
    Johannes Gutenberg
    The invention of the printing press allowed:
    books to become available to the middle class
    (T/F) Only professional musicians performed secular music during the Renaissance
    (T/F) During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered improper for ladies
    (T/F) The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal
    (T/F) Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression.
    (T/F) The text of Arcadelt’s madrigal II bianco e dolce cigno has levels of meanings, some of which are erotic
    (T/F) England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form
    (T/F) Unlike madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word-painting
    (T/F) The printing press had little impact on secular music
    Which of the following was a characteristic of medieval art abandoned in the Renaissance?
    space organized in a succession of planes
    Which of the following characterizes humanism?
    thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, independence from tradition and religion
    Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
    the chanson
    Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music?
    it has fuller harmonies, it has smoothly gliding lines, it is performed a cappella
    What best describes the texture of ideal Renaissance sacred music?
    The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
    a cantus firmus
    What is a cactus firms?
    a fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass
    Which early Renaissance composer exerted influence on generation of composers who followed?
    Josquin des Prez
    Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of the:
    The text of Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is:
    in praise of the Virgin Mary
    Wha is the musical basis of Joaquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena?
    a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then a freely composed melody
    (T/F) Medieval artists preferred to depict their subjects in profile rather than facing front
    (T/F) Humanism was inspired by the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome
    (T/F) The Renaissance motet is a sacred genre with a single Latin text
    (T/F) The preeminent composers of motets in the early Renaissance were from Italy
    (T/F) Joaquin’s career centered exclusively in his native France
    (T/F) Joaquin did not use preexisting melodies in his sacred works
    The Roman Catholic Church service that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:
    the Mass
    The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
    the Ordinary
    The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:
    the Proper
    What was the primary language of the Mass?
    Which of the following are the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?
    Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
    The first session of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy, is called the:
    Which section of the Ordinary of the Mass is a confession of faith?
    the Credo
    Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
    Martin Luther
    In the churches of Luther and Calvin, the musical emphasis was on:
    the inclusion of instruments in the service
    After the Protestant Reformation of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as:
    the Counter-Reformation
    Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent?
    using more musical instruments to enhance church music
    Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
    Which of the following best describes the intended performance practice for the Pope Marcellus Mass?
    It would have been sung by an all-male choir with boy sopranos or male falsettos
    Which of the following best describes the texture of the Pope Marcellus Mass?
    six-voice polyphony
    (T/F) The texts of the Mass that change for each service make up the Ordinary
    (T/F) The Introit is the first movement of the Ordinary of the Mass
    (T/F) The text for the final portion of the Ordinary, the Agnus Dei, is divided into three parts
    (T/F) Martin Luther launched the Reformation movement
    (T/F) The reform movement in the Catholic church brough about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter-Reformation
    (T/F) The Council of Trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century
    (T/F) The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices
    Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:
    soft or loud
    The ______ is an end-blown flute with a breathy tone
    Early instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and the sackbut, were categorized as:
    Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
    the shawm
    The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is the:
    Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?
    Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?
    Which of the following does NOT characterize the dances that Susato published?
    irregular phrase lengths
    (T/F) Early instrumental music largely depended on improvisation
    (T/F) Bas instruments wer used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages
    (T/F) The rebec was a type of wind instrument
    (T/F) The sixteenth century saw a blossoming of instrumental dance music
    (T/F) Instrumental music of the sixteenth century often did not specify its instrumentation
    (T/F) Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments, such as recorders and strings
    (T/F) The dance music that Susato published is monophonic
    (T/F) The dance music of Susato appeared in print and hence was not suitable for improvisation
    During the seventeenth century, women who desired a public voice through music often joined a:
    Which of the following was a reason that a woman would join a convent during the seventeenth century?
    to avoid an unwanted marriage, to have an outlet for musical talent, to seek asylum after being widowed
    The canticle of Mary is generally known as the:
    During which service does the Magnificat occur?
    What service did Chiara Margarita Cozzolani provide for the convent of St. Radegonda?
    Which of the following is a type of music NOT composed by Chiara Margarita Cozzolani?
    the secular cantata
    The dramatic and mystical qualities of Cozzolani’s setting of the Magnificat are similar to those of what other significant artwork?
    Bernini’s Ecstasy of St. Teresa
    Of the following, which characterizes Cozzolani’s music for the Magnificat?
    expressive and rich in word-painting
    What are the performing forces for Cozzalani’s Magnificat?
    two choirs, two soprano soloists, and organ and strings
    The prayer of praise at the end of the Magnificat is called the:
    (T/F) Creative voices from groups excluded from equal opportunity seldom have any emotional impact
    (T/F) Women who made a name for themselves as professional musicians were often viewed as having low morals
    (T/F) The convent of St. Radegonda in Milan was famous for its music-making
    (T/F) The Catholic church supported the performances of nuns in public and their use of polyphony
    (T/F) In convents, men frequently joined the nuns’ choir in order to perform the bass parts
    (T/F) Although coming from the family of a wealthy Milanese merchant, Chiara Margarita Cozzolani entered a convent and professed her final vows at age eighteen
    (T/F) In Cozzolani’s Magnificat, the choirs often sing in homophony
    (T/F) Cozzolani wrote the text of her Magnificat

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