We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

History – True/False

Tool making was one of the characteristics of the Paleolithic era
true
For most persons in Mesopotamia, the gods cared little for humanity and were very difficult to appease
true
The region of Mesopotamia is located between the Nile and Zambezi reivers in North Africa
false

We will write a custom essay on History – True/False specifically for you
for only $16.38 $13.9/page

Order now
There are important similarites between the Epic of Gilgamesh and the story of Noah and the Ark
true
Although the Mesopotamians were tremendous builders, they made no advancements in mathematics
false
People in the Middle East perceived natural phenomenon as a direct intervention of divine powers
true
As compared ot their Mesopotamian neighbors, the Egyptians made little advance in the area of mathematics and medicine
false
Akhenaten was the pharaoh that promoted “monotheism” that is, believe in only one god
true
The Phoenicians are credited with creating the first real alphabet
true
Although the Hebrew people lived in Mesopotamia, other cultures had little influence on their life and literature
false
The Hebrew exodus from Egypt happened after their Babylonian captivity
false
Saul led the Hebrew people out of Egypt
false
After King Solomon the kingdom split and became two separate kingdoms: Judah and Israel
true
According to the prophet Amos, ritual action was far more important than the care of the poor and outcast
false
The Minoan civilization was located on the Island of Crete
true
For Homer, a Greek should strive to attain arete
true
In his funeral oration for those who had died in the Peloponnesian War, Pericles reminded those listening of the importance of democracy and how Athens differed from other city who government favors only the few
true
Cleisthenes argued that Athenian democracy would be more successful if the customary divisions of society such as tribes and clans were dissolved and persons developed a stronger sense of civic pride
true
Cleisthenes was one of the oligarchs who worked against democracy.
false
Pythagoras did not search for one physical thing as the basis of all creation; instead he argued that mathematical relationships were the underlying principle of all created things
true
The Sophists argued in favor of the presence of universal truths and against the idea that truth and knowledge is relative
false
Socrates was more concerned about questions of morality and ethics than he was of questions dealing with the exact substance that was common for all matter
true
Plato did not consider democracy the best form of government
true
Aristotle demonstrated a far greater interest in biology and the natural
true
Greek philosophy and art placed a great emphasis on the individual
true
Greek dramatists saw an inner logic to the universe and called it Fate or Destiny. When people were stubborn or arrogant they were punished
true
According to Aeschylus, the Persians were successful in their military campaigns because they displayed arete
false
Sophocles was a great Athenian general who led the charge against the Persians
false
In Lysistrata, the women of Athens attempt to stop the war by no longer working in the kitchen
false
After the death Alexander, the Greek language became the common language of the Mediterranean and the territories conquered by Alexander
true
The Ptolemaic, Seleucid, and Antigonid were all philosophical systems established in Athens during the time of Pericles
false
Hellenistic science resembled Platonic philosophy in that it favored abstract theory instead of investigation into the material world
false
Polybius sought to explain the rise of Rome to the status of a great power
true
According to Stoic philosophy, natural law provides human beings with an awareness of what is and is not correct behavior, especially when dealing with other human beings
true
The Etruscans learned much about architectural styles, road construction and sanitation from the Romans
true
In the early years of the Roman Republic the plebeians controlled most of the land and exerted a strong influence on the army
false
Roman citizens, like the Jews, considered law to be given by the gods and its basis in divine inspiration
false
Hannibal fought on the side of the Romans
false
Tiberius Gracchus worked for land reform
true
After Octavian’s forces defeated those of Antony and Cleopatra, there was a continuous round of assaults by various generals against Octavian which lead to internal fighting for the next 40 years
false
In 70 A.D. the Jewish people led a successful revolt against the Romans
false
Galen advanced methods of architecture and engineering, especially his use constructions of domes such as the Parthenon
false
Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius were all stoic philosphers
true
According to Ptolemy, the sun revolved around the earth
true
Immigrants were treated with high regard in the later years of the Roman Empire
false
During the third century the Roman Empire witnessed a severe breakdown of the relationship between its core and periphery
true
According to the Letter to the Galatians, Paul was in favor of maintaining certain Jewish practices for those persons who converted to Christianity
false
One of the reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire was disenchantment with the government and a lack of desire for any public service
true
Paul traveled very little and relied on letters as a means of advancing his thoughts concerning Christianity
false
Stressing the importance of the intellect and self-reliance, Greco-Roman thought did not provide for the emotional and spiritual needs of the general populace
true
Nero and Diocletian were responsible for organizing persecutions against the Christians
true
Because of the church councils, Christianity never incorporated Greek philosophy as a means of explaining the truths of the Christian faith
false
Arius denied that Jesus was both human and divine
true
Basil established the rules for monastic life for the eastern part of the Roman Empire
true
The synoptic gospels are those written by Mathew, Mark, and Luke
true
The City of God was written by Benedict
false
St. Augustine argued that all the truths of faith could be known by reason alone
false
In the classical world view, history had no ultimate end, no ultimate meaning. In this regard it differed substantially from the outlook of Christianity
true
The date of December 25 as the exact birth date of Jesus comes from the gospels
false
John of Damascus considered Icons to be idolatry and argued for their removal from the churches
true
During the Early Middle Ages (500-1050), the Byzantine civilization was economically culturally far more advanced than the Latin West
true
There was little conflict between the church leadership in Rome and the church leadership in Constantinople after the year 500
false
The security of Constantinople was very important since it prohibited Muslims from moving into the Black Sea and up into Europe on the Danube river
true
Emperor Justinian was known as a greater codifier of law
true
The Iconoclast controversy dealt with whether images of human persons were acceptable in Christian worship
true
The prophet Mohamed is considered the person who first articulated and codified the Islamic faith
true
Muslims consider Jesus to be both human and divine
false
Within three hundred years after the death of Mohammad there was never any disagreement concerning the interpretation of the Koran or the practice of Islam among its members
false
At no time did Muslims ever control a portion of Western Europe
false
In the early Middle Ages the greatest force in creating stability and learning in Europe was the Church
true
Northern styles of art (Celtic and Germanic) exerted little to no influence on Christian art of the 8th and 9th centuries
false
The monasteries did not play an important role in the transmission of knowledge
false
St. Benedict provided a specific structure for how monastic life was to be lived
true
Monastic life was the primary means by which classical learning and knowledge remained in Western Europe
true
The Carolingian Renaissance refers to the revival of classical learning during the time of Charlemagne (Charles the Great)
true
The ninth and tenth centuries were a time of peace and stability in Western Europe, a time similar to the Pax Romana
false
Charles Martel defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours
true
On Christmas Day in Rome in the year 800 Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans
true
Charlemagne’s empire and rule tended to favor Latin traditions and neglected or ignored Germanic peoples
false
Because of the increased invasions of the Vikings after 12th century there was little expansion of trade throughout Europe
false
During the 1100s the percentage of persons who were required to produce food increased in comparison to the 900s
false
Because of the insistence on the three-field system, the food loss caused a decrease in population
false
Because of the diminishment of food sources from 1000 to 1200 Western Europe did not see much growth of urban populations
false
Due to the change in trade patterns, the 13th century saw a diminishment in the power of the Italian city-states
false
The Magna Carta gave greater rights and control to the English monarch over his nobles
false
According to English law, the king could collect taxes without calling parliament
false
Hugh Capet was chosen to be king of France because of his strong military power and large land holdings
false
One great contribution of the Middle Ages to the modern world was the representative institution such as assemblies or parliaments
true
Trial by jury was one of the procedures in English law after 1100
true
Europe in the High Middle Ages showed little vitality. The period immediately after 1000 was marked by decreased population, limited population growth and minimal cultural development
false
Students behaved about as badly as they did in the Middle Ages as they do today
true
The philosophy of the classical world, such as Aristotle, had little influence in the medieval schools
false
Islamic civilization acted as a bridge that helped transfer the knowledge of the classical world to that of high middle ages
true
According to medieval cosmology the earth revolved around the sun
false
Medieval cosmology was hierarchical, with heaven at the top and hell at the bottom
true
Aristotle held that the basic composition of everything on earth was made of earth, air, fire, and water but material in the cosmos above the earth was made of a completely different substance
true
The Summa Theologicae was written by Thomas Aquinas
true
Scholasticism was the name given to the type of philosophy done in the middle ages
true
Thomas Aquinas argued that human reason and natural knowledge could support the truths of revealed religion
true
After the 1050 Western Europe saw a general diminishment in the authority of the church and the papacy
false
Excommunication refers to the ability of the church to remove someone from the community of the church
true
The Roman Emperor was the greatest supporter of papal authority
false
It was not until the renaissance that strong prejudice and violence occurred against Jewish people in Western Europe
false
During the early middle ages, science had progressed in the Latin West beyond what it had achieved in Islamic areas or in Byzantium
false
Albert the Great agreed with Plato in that true knowledge did not concern itself with the material world in such disciplines as botany, chemistry or geology
false
The presence of Arabic texts had a great influence on the development of science in the high middle ages (after 1100)
true
Dante was the author of the Divine Comedy
true
The High Middle Ages witnessed the writing down of stories which became national legends such as the Nibelungenlied and the Song of Roland
true
Gothic architecture created means by which more windows and therefore more light could be introduced into the church
true
In the first decade of the 14th century there was a general shortage of food
true
Although the Black Death was severe in some areas, most of Europe escaped with minimal mortality
false
The years 1300 to 1350, just before the plague, were marked by great economic growth and prosperity
false
The 100 years war was fought between France and England
true
In the Papal bull Unam Sanctam Boniface VIII argued that spiritual power was higher than a temporal power, such as the rule of a king, and therefore all rulers were subject to the papacy
true
King Philip IV of France was the greater defender of papal authority and
false
The period from 1309 to 1377 and referred to as the Babylonian Captivity refers to the time when the papacy was headquartered in Avignon and not in Rome
true
The Great Schism of the late 14th and early 15th century refers to the fact that at one time there were two popes and even three popes
true
In the late middle ages, the papacy lost power, as kings, political theorists, and religious dissenters challenged papal claims to supreme leadership
true
William of Ockham and Duns Scotus argued that reason alone cannot support the truths of faith
true
The “rebirth” of ideas for which the renaissance identified itself refers to the renewed emphasis on the ideas held in the middle ages, particularly the teachings of Thomas Aquinas
false
The Historian Jacob Burkhardt argued that it was the Renaissance was the departure point for the modern world and that there was a strong break between the Middle Ages and modernity
true
During the Renaissance Italy developed into a strong centralized state
false
The economy of the Italian city-states was based on trade
true
Venice never had a republican (representative) form of government
true
A greater emphasis on the individual was a hallmark of renaissance society
true
Humanism placed tremendous importance on the study of classical Greek and Latin Literature
true
Petrarch and Pico della Mirandola were both humanists
true
Humanism was frequently against the ideas of Christianity
false
The pope exercised little authority anywhere in the Italian Peninsula
false
Geographic areas such as France, Germany and England rejected many of the ideas of the Renaissance because of these areas’ dislike of things Italian.
false
The Northern humanists, as compared to the Italian Humanists, demonstrated a greater interest in religion and theological issues
true
Everywhere, two factors operated to accelerate the spread of the Renaissance after 1450: growing prosperity and the printing press
true
Literacy rates were very high in Europe in the later 15th century
false
The vernacular refers to the local language, French for example instead of Latin, the language of the schools
true
Both Catholics and Protestants censured books in the Renaissance
true
Erasmus made humanism an international movement
true
Erasmus was a tremendous supporter of scholastic methodology
false
The Catholic Church in Spain maintained a strong control on learning and University life
true
Thomas More’s Utopia dealt with the importance of trade and money management. In the Utopia he proposed the ideal methods for economic trade
false
Very few persons, if any, would have claimed that the late medieval church had become inefficient and corrupt
false
Mysticism was understood as the more immediate and spiritual communication with God, a communication that bypassed the intercession of the saints
true
By 1500 the Conciliar movement had proved to be a tremendous success at reforming the papacy
false
Jan Hus and John Wycliffe were both promoters of papal authority
false
A Dominican by the name of Tetzel was selling indulgences so that people could get out of purgatory. This event instigated Luther’s composition of the 95 Theses
true
Luther, towards the end of his life, argued that actions such as fasting, pilgrimages and good works, were a clear and helpful means for attaining salvation
false
According to excerpt from the movie Luther, Martin Luther never approved of indulgences and had always disagreed with the idea of veneration of the saints
false
Wycliff and Huss were both advocates of religious reform
true
The idea of the “***** of Babylon” was an expression for the corruption in the church, particularly the papacy
true
Katarina von Bora was the wife of Emperor Charles V and a famous painter as well
false
Zwingli and Luther agreed with each other concerning the nature of transubstantiation
false
According to the Peace of Augsburg religious affiliation was determined by a person’s free choice
false
Calvin’s fundamental work, The Institutes of Religion, argued against the doctrine of double predestination and supplied the Catholic response against the theory of double predestination
false
The author of the Institutes of Christian Religion was Ulrich Zwingli
false
The St. Bartholomew’s day massacre occurred in Germany when forces of Charles V killed the supporters of Martin Luther
false
Huguenots were French Calvinists
true
The magisterial reformation referred to those reform movements that were supported by the political authorities
true
The largest group of Radical reformers was the Anabaptists
true
Ignatius of Loyola was the founder of the Jesuits
true
The Council of Trent was a means of promoting reform within the Catholic Church
true
According to the diary of Christopher Columbus, religion played an important part in his motives for exploration
true
Christopher Columbus argued that you could reach the Indies by sailing west. He had absolutely no knowledge of the great land masses of North and South America
true
Barolomé de las Casas worked for the betterment of the native peoples in South America and argued for their rights as persons
true
The population of Western Europe increased dramatically between 1450 and 1600
true
The largest percentage of African slaves were taken to South America
true
Primogeniture describes the tradition of giving the entire estate to the first born male of the family
true
The price revolution of the 16th century refers to the unprecedented inflation
true
Copyhold identified the method of farming which dated from the middle ages in which the tenants had certain hereditary rights
true
Enclosure was the system of farming which caused the end of the open field system and the eradication of the system of medieval farming in favor of production of food for distant markets
true
Convertible husbandry caused a decrease in the production of crops
false
Absolutism identifies a type of government characterized by a strong centralized power
true
Absolutist monarchs were always subservient to religion and religious leaders
false
In the 16th and 17th centuries absolutist monarchs usually controlled religion and religious leaders
true
The unification of Spain occurred with the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella
true
In 1492 Spain issued an edict of toleration for the Jews within its boundaries
false
The Inquisition was created as a means to find persons who were secretly practicing other religions than Catholicism
true
Columbus primary purpose of his expedition was to demonstrate that the world was round, not flat
false
Under Henry IV the French monarchy regained greater stability and control from the previous decades
true
The chief minister to Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu, became the architect of French absolutism
true
The term raison d’etat, means that decisions are made in light of what is best for the State and not necessarily individuals within the state
true
By the end of the 17th century the Netherlands had failed to develop into a representational type of government
false
The Calvinist minority in the Netherlands supported the policies of Phillip II of Spain
false
The Union of Utrecht (1579) established independence among the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands to protect themselves from Spanish aggression
true
The wealth of the Dutch Republic was gained by land and farming, not by trade and commerce
false
In the medieval and early modern periods, the Holy Roman Emperors depended upon the powerful noble lords since the position of Emperor was elected not inherited
true
The Thirty Years was fought entirely along religious lines, that is, one side was Catholic and the other entirely Protestant
false
The Treaty of Westphalia established a settlement after the 30 Years war
true
The Hapsburgs were the ruling family in Austria
true
Muslims created the greatest threat to Austria’s eastern border
true
The area of Prussia never developed into a strong absolutist government
false
The Scientific Revolution brought a new, mechanical conception of nature that enabled westerners to discover and explain the laws of nature mathematically
true
Medieval cosmology rested primarily on two writers: Aristotle and Ptolemy
true
Ptolemy argued that the sun revolves around the earth
true
The physics of Aristotle was in basic agreement with the physics of Newton
false
Tycho Brahe used his observations to defend the theory of the crystalline spheres as the forces that moved the planets
false
Keppler, like Copernicus, argued that the earth moves around the sun in a perfect circle
false
According to Newton, the scientific laws of the universe demonstrate that God did not exist
false
Renaissance thinkers placed a great importance on the philosophic insights of Plato
true
Newton established the laws for universal gravity
true
Newton argued that the laws of gravity on earth were not those which affected the planets
true

Choose Type of service

Choose writer quality

Page count

1 page 275 words

Deadline

Order Essay Writing

$13.9 Order Now
icon Get your custom essay sample
icon
Sara from Artscolumbia

Hi there, would you like to get such an essay? How about receiving a customized one?
Check it out goo.gl/Crty7Tt

History - True/False
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Tool making was one of the characteristics of the Paleolithic era true For most persons in Mesopotamia, the gods cared little for humanity and were very difficult to appease
2017-11-21 09:20:48
History - True/False
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
In stock
Rated 5/5 based on 1 customer reviews