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    General Science Unit 1

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    Name given by Leeuwenhoek to the microorganism he viewed through his microscope.
    animalcules
    machine that separates seeds, hulls and foreign materials from cotton in quantity.
    cotton gin
    large generator
    dynamo
    scientist engaged in applying scientific principles to the invention or manufacture of machines.
    engineer
    Enlargement of material when heated.
    expansion
    Device for producing electricity.
    generator
    An explosive substance used in gunnery and blasting.
    gunpowder
    A man-made hill or ramp.
    inclined plane
    The manufacture of goods.
    industry
    The change from an agricultural to industrial society in England 1750-1850.
    Industrial Revolution
    A device for viewing things which are invisible to the unaided human eye.
    microscope
    A measure of pressure exerted on material.
    stress
    Application of science to practical uses.
    technology
    The measure of stress at the moment of tearing apart.
    tensile strength
    A device that uses running water to grind grain.
    water mill
    Capable of being broken by bacteria action.
    biodegradable
    Process of reproducing many identical organisms from pre-existing genes.
    cloning
    Twisted strand of molecules in a cell nucleus containing genes and hereditary information.
    DNA
    Study of cellular structure of organisms and microorganisms.
    microbiology
    The contamination of the earth.
    pollution
    a device used by the ancient Egyptians to fill their irrigation ditches in the Nile River.
    shaduf
    Technology is ___ science that makes ___ science useful and practical.
    applying, pure
    Science extends our understanding of ____.
    creation
    Technology has given rise to _____.
    industry
    ____ are always used in technology.
    scientific discoveries
    The maximum stress which a material can withstand when it is pulled apart is its ____.
    tensile strength
    In ____ useful products are made.
    industry
    Bridge building is the business of ____.
    civil engineers
    Men and women where originally created by ____ as extremely intelligent beings.
    God
    One example of technology in the Bible is the construction of the ____ by Noah.
    ark
    _____ has shown that ancient people had understanding of scientific principles, had understanding of mathematics, and developed technologies which somehow were lost.
    archaeology
    To build the pyramids, the Egyptians may have used long _____.
    inclined planes
    Some of the technology and scientific knowledge of ancient humans were lost when the great library in _____, Egypt, was destroyed.
    Alexandria
    The ____ was a more effective weapon than the normal bow because it used a reel, giving more power to the bow string, it was held horizontally, it shot a bolt rather than an arrow, it could shoot harder and farther.
    crossbow
    Grinding wheat and saw lumber were made easier by the used of _____.
    water wheels
    The ___ was possible because of the many inventions of the Middle Ages.
    Renaissance
    One of the most momentous inventions of history was ____.
    Gutenberg’s printing press
    An important invention developed late in the Renaissance by Antony van Leeuwenhoek was the ____.
    microscope
    The first book produced with moveable type was ____.
    Bible
    Chinese technology invented _____.
    gunpowder
    Which two men developed the steam engine
    Newcomen, Watt
    The Christian physicist who invented the generator was ____.
    Faraday
    The major source of power for post-Renaissance industry prior to the invention of the generator was ____.
    steam engine
    Technological advances speeded up the ____ century.
    20th
    ____ has helped industrial nations to increase life spans.
    technology
    _____ launched the first satellite: Sputnik.
    Russia
    Advances in rocketry and space travel have resulted in improvements in ____ .
    communication
    The scientific study of cells or microorganism is called _____.
    microbiology
    The physical traits of an individual are inherited through information stored _____ in the ____.
    chemically, DNA
    The process of duplication from pre-existing genes is called ____.
    cloning
    Technological advances in microbiology which indicates;
    cells and microorganism are extremely complex, life could not originate solely by chemical combinations
    What factors are required for cloning
    DNA, a living organism or plant
    Some major concerns of physical science are ____.
    space exploration and national defense
    Some major concerns of earth science are ___, ___, and ___.
    pollution, mineral location, new energy sources
    Some major concerns of life science are ____ and ____.
    microbiology advances, cloning procedures
    The purpose of ____ is to solve problems and meet needs.
    technology
    If used with godly wisdom, the earth has ____ resources to sustain its human population.
    sufficient
    All scientist agree that ___ will be used up in a few decades.
    fossil fuels
    One problem caused by ____ is that of pollution.
    technology
    The greatest problem facing the use of nuclear power plants is ___.
    disposal of radioactive wastes
    Types of fossil fuels include ____, ___ and ____.
    oil, coal, natural gas
    Philosophy is not considered science because it lacks _____.
    experimentation
    Alchemy was practiced ____.
    in the Middle Ages
    Besides using some measure of science, alchemists resorted to using __ to do what science seemed unable to accomplish.
    magic
    The time of the revival of learning in areas such as the Bible, art, and true science is called;
    Renaissance period
    The astronomer who agreed with the heliocentric theory and was imprisoned for his investigation was ______
    Galileo
    A Christian Renaissance scientist, considered possibly the greatest scientist of all time was ___.
    Newton
    Law of gravitations
    Newton
    Vaccines
    Pasteur
    Atomic theory
    Dalton
    Three laws of motion
    Newton
    Showed spontaneous generation to be false
    Pasteur
    Partial gas pressure laws
    Dalton
    Disease-causing bacteria
    Pasteur
    The French biologist ___ proposed that; physical traits acquired after birth could be given to offspring.
    LaMarck
    It is stated by come evolutionary scientists today that small dinosaurs eventually developed wings from jumping out of trees and then passed this acquired skill on to their descendants. ___ developed this theory
    LaMarck
    ___ theory of evolutionary development has been proven to be false.
    LaMarck
    The two elements discovered by Marie Curie are ___ and ___
    radium, polonium
    Albert Einstein discovered the mathematical relationship between __ and ____.
    matter, energy
    steps of scientific method;
    define the problem, propose a hypothesis, conduct a literature search, devise an experiment to prove or disprove, state conclusions.
    It is generally ____ to disprove a hypothesis.
    easier

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    General Science Unit 1. (2017, Aug 28). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/general-science-unit-1-15704/

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