Get help now
  • Pages 3
  • Words 570
  • Views 247
  • Download

    Cite

    Katrina
    Verified writer
    Rating
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • rating star
    • 5/5
    Delivery result 2 hours
    Customers reviews 876
    Hire Writer
    +123 relevant experts are online

    Essay about Educational Psychology

    Academic anxiety?

    Get original paper in 3 hours and nail the task

    Get help now

    124 experts online

    The field of psychology that deals with the ability to solve educational problems and to improve educational situations is the field of educational psychology. Educational psychology is sometimes referred to as an applied field, meaning, one in which the objective is to solve immediate practical problems (James 29). The beginnings of educational psychology were initiated by Aristotle in his formulation of the laws of association.

    These laws: similarity, contrast, and contiguity, supplemented by frequency, are the beginnings to an experimental science (Piaget 9). As the science began to develop, the educational psychologists did little more than administer mental tests, which started with the Stanford-Binet test (IQ test). Today, the science has been expanded to include counseling students, teachers, administrators, and parents, in an effort to help make the school environment one which is most effective in promoting learning. As an example, if a student in school commits a disciplinary action, instead of being indiscriminately punished, that student would be sent to see the school psychologist to find out the causes of the students misbehavior and deal with them accordingly (Frandsen 92).

    Though studies of educational surveys, there were nine major factors that increased learning. These nine factors can be placed into three groups: student aptitude, instruction, and psychological environments. Student aptitude includes (1) ability or prior achievement as measured by score on educational test; (2) development as indexed by chronological age or stage of maturation; and (3) motivation or self-concept as shown by personality tests and students’ perseverance on learning tasks. Instruction can be thought of as (4) the amount of time students engage in learning and (5) the quality of the instructional experience.

    Psychological environments include: (6) the “curriculum of the home,” (7) the morale of the classroom social group, (8) the peer group outside school, and (9) the amount of leisure-time television viewing. These are the factors that influence academic achievement and behavioral learning (A. A. E. 66). Educational psychology does not only hold true for humans, but also for animals.

    Ivan Pavlov displayed the principle of association by applying it to the salivary reflex. He trained his dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell alone if previously they had so responded to meat and the bell together. In another case, B. F.

    Skinner trained pigeons to play a form of table tennis by rewarding the birds with food pellets each time they hit a ball into a designated trough (James 66). This area of psychology is used today to teach specific subjects such as foreign languages, arithmetic and mathematics, reading, writing, spelling, and the sciences. However, the teaching of these subjects requires a person that displays “readiness. ” This “readiness” is most commonly found in early ages and the older one is, the less “readiness” they have to learn (Frandsen 2). Psychology is still a young science, and human nature is exceedingly complex. However, in the educational setting it has made remarkable advances in the past half-century or more, though the cultural lag has delayed many of the advantages that might otherwise have accrued.

    With the development of television and of lesson programming for teaching machines, coupled with apublic awakening, dramatic and revolutionary changes may be expected in the foreseeable future (Piaget 179+180). Works CitedAcademic American Encyclopedia (A. A. E. ).

    Danbury, Conn. : Grolier Incorporated, 1993. Frandsen, Arden N. How Children Learn. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.

    , 1957. James, William. Talks To Teachers. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1900. Piaget, Jean. Science of Education and the Psychology of the Child.New York: Orion Press, 1970.

    This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

    Need custom essay sample written special for your assignment?

    Choose skilled expert on your subject and get original paper with free plagiarism report

    Order custom paper Without paying upfront

    Essay about Educational Psychology. (2019, Feb 27). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/educational-psychology-essay-3-108512/

    We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

    Hi, my name is Amy 👋

    In case you can't find a relevant example, our professional writers are ready to help you write a unique paper. Just talk to our smart assistant Amy and she'll connect you with the best match.

    Get help with your paper