Basic human needs are those needs that are essential for human survival, hence fundamental to educational psychology. It goes without saying that human needs should be met first, such as air, food, water, shelter, and clothing. These necessities hold the top priorities in the ranking of human needs. There is a great connectedness between basic human needs and educational psychology. Educational psychology is navigated with one primary motive to scientifically study human learning and how learning process can be affected by both cognitive and behavioral perspectives that eventually become the reason for differences in intelligence, development process, and self-assertiveness.
It is also undeniable that educational psychology solely depends on empirical research and quantitative methodologies to make conclusions on a concept like learning more about basic human needs. Measuring, testing assessment, and management are factors critical in making understanding basic human needs, especially in educational psychologies. Abraham Maslow has been credited for his great contribution to human needs which are hierarchically arranged from the most basic to self-actualization. The process is often affected by an individual’s level of arousal, competence, self-worth evaluation, self-esteem, and diversity as noted in our textbook (Ormrod). Arousal is the need for stimulation in people, especially in the attainment of basic needs. Human beings arousal triggers their need to strive and thus, attain the basic needs.
For instance, drives like hunger and thirst will stimulate a person to counter attack by finding food and water. Such drives are known as primary drives which will automatically respond to basic needs. Alternatively, there are secondary . .d to the ultimate measure for them to attain their basic needs. In other words, minds and culture have a lot of doing with personality, motivation, and attainment of basic needs in the long run.
Awareness of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory should be the best interest of both teachers and students, should they need success in learning about the basic needs. Educational psychologists like teachers use Abraham Maslow’s concept of the hierarchy of needs to expand on arousal, competence, self-determination, universality and diversity to understand the various approaches taken by human beings of basic needs satisfaction. For instance, teachers of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs know to give strategies and the proper lesson plans and also, give students an ample environment for study as they strive to attain self-actualization purposing to satisfy their basic needs.