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    WORLD HISTORY – Unit 1 : The Renaissance & The Reformation

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    rebirth of art and learning
    famous and wealthy family that used their wealth to fund art and scholarship
    worldly concerned with the here and now
    financially supporting something
    a pardon into heaven
    Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches
    setting a illegitimate marriage aside
    The 95 Theses
    95 examples that need to be reformed in the Catholic Church (started Lutheranism)
    “Renaissance Man”
    a man who excelled in many fields (praised as a “universal man”)
    instead of writing in Latin, most writers wrote in this language
    cutting a person off from a religious society
    a movement that focused on human worthiness, human potential, and man’s place within nature
    Henry VIII
    left the Catholic church/faith and married six women to have a son to heir, yet rule fell under his daughter Elizabeth
    Elizabeth I
    rule fell under her, she set the ground rules of religion for England
    Counter Reformation
    when Catholics made changes that were inspired by The 95 Theses
    the depth in the painting found in Italian Renaissance paintings
    The conditions in Italy that led to the Renaissance
    RCC is a force and dominates European life. Learning a philosophy of the classical world is lost. But come closer to contact with the Middle East. The classical world was again in contact with Italy.
    Explain the main values & ideas of Humanism vs. Christian Humanism
    Humanism followed classical traditions by focusing on human potential and achievements while Christian Humanism had the idea that human beings are worthy and wanted to spread the Bible.
    Identify two Renaissance artists
    Leonardo da Vinci (Mona Lisa, the Last Supper)
    Michaelangelo (the statue of David)
    Identify two Renaissance writers
    Erasmus (wrote the “Diatribe Against the Pope”)
    William Shakespeare (wrote plays with deep understanding of human beings)
    Analyze the differences between Northern and Italian Renaissance paintings
    Northern – focused on peasant life used a darker pallet
    Italian – noticeable perspective, used a brighter pallet
    Evaluate the importance of the printing press and its impact on society
    allowed others to read the Bible and determine their own ideas and thoughts about the Catholic church/faith
    Identify the causes that led to the reformation
    Catholic church had suffered from set backs (crusades, plague), corruption (not most efficient and honest), Indulgences (paying money to the Church)
    Analyze the impact of Luther’s revolt
    led to the Counter Reformation, emphasized Christian Humanism, started the religion of Lutheranism, inspired other reformer’s (Calvin) to do the same
    Explain the spread of the Protestant faith to England
    Henry wasn’t allowed to divorce (annul) in the Catholic Church so he created his own Protestant church so he could divorce to have a son to heir the throne. Elizabeth then set the grounds for Protestant religion in England
    Summarize the beliefs of other reformers
    there were many other reformers for example John Calvin, he believed in a strict religion that focused on predestination
    Summarize the Counter Reformation
    the Popes Paul III and Paul IV directed a council of cardinals to investigate indulgence selling, set up the Council of Trent where Catholic bishops and cardinals agreed on several doctrines
    What doctrines were agreed on at the Council of Trent
    – Church’s interpretation of the Bible was final
    – Christians need faith and good works for salvation
    – The Bible and Church tradition were equally powerful for guiding Christian life
    – Indulgences were valid expressions of faith
    Evaluate the role of Humanism in the Renaissance and the Reformation
    Humanism in the Renaissance focused on tradition of classical works, this helped create ideas for inventions and buildings
    Christian Humanism in the Reformation focused on the fact that the Bible was being spread to increase everyone’s own understanding of God, this challenged the view of the Catholic Church

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