-Most of the important musicians were priests and worked for the church
-Women were not allowed to sing in the Church
-Church frowned upon the use of instruments
A polyphonic composition based on one main theme called a subject.
when the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another voice by a different melodic idea
between the presentations of the subject the transitional sections
Where music is imitated before it is completed
where a single tone usually in the bass is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it
Large scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text but without acting, scenery or costumes; often based on biblical stories
Dark Ages (historiography), the concept of a period of intellectual darkness and economic regression that occurred in Europe following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe
-composed the o successors chant
-born in Esanach Germany
-Director of music at St.Thomas Church
-Married twice and had twenty children
-Created all kinds of music except opera
-Born in halle Germany
-not from a music family, his father wanted him to study law
-Handle became England’s most important composer and a favorite of queen Anne
-buried in Westminster Abbey
-homophonic and polyphonic texture typical of renaissance music
-medieval or church modes gave way to major and minor scales
extended composition for instrumental soloist and orchestra usually in three movements, fast, slow and fast
song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment, usually expressing emotional state through its outpouring of melody; found in operas, oratorios and cantatas.
an instrumental composition in several movements for one to eight players. in music after the Baroque period an instrumental composition usually in several movements for one or two players
from the beginning an indication usually meaning that the opening section of a piece is to be repeated after the middle section
musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart
melodies set to sacred latin texts, sung without accompaniment; Gregorian chant was the official music of the Roman Catholic church.
the first large body of secular songs surviving in decipherable notation
medieval polyphony that consists of Gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines
was famous both a musician and a poet
-traveled to many courts and presented beautifully decorated copies of his music to noble patrons
The dominant intellectual movement of the Renaissance focusing on human life and its accomplishments.