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    World History Renaissance Ch. 11

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    Botticelli
    + mvmt thru bold lines; converted by Savonarola
    Brueghel
    genre painting (who)
    Castiglione
    book of manners (etiquette) (Courtier)
    Cervantes
    satire on chivalry
    Donatello
    1st freestanding sculpture
    Dürer
    engravings & woodcuts
    Erasmus
    new edition of Greek NT; Praise of Folly
    Ghiberti
    22 bronze panels = “Gates to Paradise”
    Giotto
    Father of Renaissance painting; frescoes; 3-D appearances on flat surfaces
    Gutenberg
    moveable-type printing
    Holbein
    portraits of Henry VIII
    Leonardo da Vinci
    technical & scientific designs in a notebook; most versatile Ren. man
    Lorenzo de Medici
    most famous Renaissance patron (whole family = famous patrons)
    Machiavelli
    essay w/ advice on being a successful ruler (Prince)
    Masaccio
    3-D effect by shading
    Michelangelo
    Sistine Chapel ceiling; Pietà
    More
    described ideal state (Utopia) adviser to Henry VIII
    Palestrina
    most famous composer of church music in Renaissance
    Petrarch
    Father of Humanism
    Raphael
    paintings of sweet-faced Madonnas
    Savonarola
    Dominican friar who tried to bring reform to church of Florence
    Sistine Chapel
    frescoes depicting Cration, Fall, Flood, Redemption, Judgment (where)
    Tintoretto
    “little dyer” from Venice
    Titian
    Venetian painter known for portraits & rich colors
    Van Eyck
    first to use oils
    best 3 Renaissance artists
    Michelangelo; Leonardo da Vinci; Raphael
    genre painting
    everyday life scenes
    Gregorian chants
    single-line melodies; plainsong
    motets
    more words & melodies added to plainsong
    chansons
    light-hearted secular music
    polyphonic (music)
    multi-line melodies
    sonnets
    14-line poems
    etiquette
    manners
    frescoes
    paintings on wet plaster
    shading
    using light & dark to create a 3-D effect
    perspective
    dimensional look on flat surfaces
    the city that was the cultural center of the High Ren.
    Rome
    city that became a leading center of culture in the Late Ren.
    Venice
    how Ren. artists broke from tradition of Middle Ages
    ~inspiration from classical world (not spiritual)
    ~3-D & emotional vs. 2-D & flat
    ~imp. people vs. church people/saints/Biblical characters
    ~present vs. spiritual world
    ~personal recognition vs. glory to God
    ~secular patrons vs. RCC
    ~painting & sculpture vs. architecture
    accomplishments of Ren. that made the Reformation possible
    ~moveable type printing (more copies, easier)
    ~spirit of inquiry (not taking things for granted w/out question)
    ~more edu. led to more people reading (more people know what’s being said)
    ~more study of Bible b/c of interest in classical languages
    ~imp. of indiv. (your relationship w/ God)
    results of invention of moveable type printing
    ~reduced cost of books
    ~inc. edu.
    ~rapid spreading of ideas
    ~eliminated errors made by copying by hand
    reasons Italy led the Ren.
    ~thought of themselves as Romans & links to ancient Roman Empire
    ~controlled Mediterranean trade routes
    ~able to use wealth to commission artists
    ~contact w/ other civilizations (Byzantine, Muslim, Asian, African, etc.)

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    World History Renaissance Ch. 11. (2017, Sep 01). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/world-history-renaissance-ch-11-14469/

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