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    Renaissance Definitions

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    Renaissance:
    The revival of art, learning, and culture
    Humanism:
    A movement that focused on the human potential and achievements
    Patron:
    People who financially supported artists
    Perspective:
    A technique used by artists that involves creating the appearance of three dimension figures on flat surface
    Vernacular:
    The everyday language used in that country or region
    Machiavelli
    A writer who is known for writing the Prince which was a guidebook of how to be a Prince.
    Renaissance Man
    The Universal man, excelling in many fields and very educated
    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Known for the painting of the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper . He was a painter, inventor, and sculptor
    Michelangelo
    A painter, sculptor, architect, and poet known for his paintings in the Sistine Chapel.
    Petrarch
    A humanist known for writing about a woman named Laura.
    Utopia
    Created by Thomas More, a world with just perfection no evil
    Shakespeare
    Shakespeare: A famous writer during the Elizabeth Age known for Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth
    Gutenberg
    Gutenberg: A German inventor who made the printing press and produced a large mass of books
    Indulgence
    A patron is released from his or her son
    Reformation
    A call for Religious Reform
    Lutheran
    Founded on the teachings of Martin Luther
    Protestant
    Founded on the teachings of the Reformation
    Anglican
    Founded on the teachings of the Reformation
    Martin Luther
    Founded on the teachings of the Reformation
    Henry VIII
    A king who took over the church and took the pope’s power away
    Mary I
    A daughter of Henry VIII and sister of Elizabeth and once ruled Europe
    Elizabeth I
    Ruled Europe and brought Protestantism
    John Calvin
    Led the Huguenots and Calvinists
    Predestination
    God knew who was going to be saved
    Calvinism
    Religious ideas based on Calvin John
    Catholic Reformation
    A call for reform in the Catholic church
    Jesuits
    Members of the Society of Jesus
    Council of Trent
    A meeting between Roman Catholic leaders
    Secular
    Worldly rather than spiritual.
    Renaissance Woman
    Upper class woman knows the classics and be charming.
    Donatello
    (1386-1466) Sculptor. Probably exerted greatest influence of any Florentine artist before Michelangelo. His statues expressed an appreciation of the incredible variety of human nature.
    Raphael
    (1483-1520) Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens.
    Boccaccio
    (1313-1375) Wrote the Decameron which tells about ambitious merchants, portrays a sensual, and worldly society.
    Vittoria Colonna
    who was a famous writer who gained fame during the renaissance by writing about personal subjects rather than politics?
    Pieter Bruegel
    A Flemish painter that lived from 1525-1569. , captured scenes from peasant weddings, dances, harvests; painted proverbs that taught morals; portrayed large numbers of people; used vivid details and rich colors
    christine de pizan
    highly educated Renaissance-era woman who was among the first to earn a living as a writer; wrote books, including short stories, novels, and manuals on military techniques (in French); her The Book of The City of Ladies and other works spoke out against men’s objections to educating women, and championed formal education for women
    Peace of Augsburg
    1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
    Annul
    Make void or null, cancel, abolish (usually of laws or other established rules)
    Theocracy
    A government controlled by religious leaders
    Presbyterian
    A Protestant Christian religion characterized by governance by a group of elders and traditionally Calvinistic in doctrine
    Anabaptist
    Protestants who insisted that only adult baptism conformed to Scripture. Protestant and Catholic leaders condemned Anabaptists for advocating the complete separation of church and state.
    Jesuits
    Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.
    John Knox
    This was the man who dominated the reform movement in Scotland. He established the Presbyterian Church of Scotland so that ministers ran the church, not bishops
    Ignatius of Loyola
    (1491-1556) Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits (1534); this order of Roman Catholic priests proved an effective force for reviving Catholicism during the Catholic Reformation.

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    Renaissance Definitions. (2017, Aug 28). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/renaissance-definitions-11021/

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