On the 7th of December 1941 the Japanese lead a massive air raid on
the American navel base at Pearl Harbor Essay. The attack came by surprise early
in the morning that day while many of the crew of the ships was still
sleeping. In just a short time after the attack 5 out of 8 battleships at
pearl harbor were sunk or sinking, and most of the other ship and airplanes
were destroyed too. More than 2400 Americans were dead by the end of the
attack and many of them never made it out of their beds.
After peace negotiation were reaching an end the U.
S. clearly seen
that a war in the pacific was bound to happen. They expected an attack
somewhere in Indies or pihillpens. But November 26 1941 Japan secretly sent
an aircraft carrier fleet over the pacific to attack Pearl Harbor. They
sent six aircraft carriers with over 420 planes on the ships. It is by far
the largest aircraft carrier fleet ever assembled.
With the ships many
submarines were sent to attack any ships trying to flee the harbor.
On the morning of December 7th many of the crew on the ships were
allowed to sleep in. So by the time the air raid sirens went off it was way
to late. The first Japanese airplane wave had over 180 planes. Including
torpedo bombers, dive-bombers, high-level bombers, and fighters. Shortly
after the second wave of similar size was sent.
As they came into the
harbor they began their attack on the unsuspecting American ships. Luckily
the American aircraft carrier’s stationed at Pearl Harbor were not in port
that morning. The first wave attacked for about 30 minutes. Torpedo bombers
attacked ships as bombers dropped armor piercing bombs over them. Many
ships and airplanes were destroyed in this wave.
The second wave started about 15 minuets after the first one ended.
This attack did more damage to airfields and structures around the harbor.
It also devastated the u.s.s. Nevada. It consisted mainly of bombers and
The second attack lasted about an hour. There was much more
resistance during this wave since more crewmembers from the surviving ships
were alert and ready for the attack.
In all Japan suffered only a few losses. In all they lost only 29
planes. 9 were lost in the first wave. 20 in the second wave since the
planes faced more anti aircraft fire from the more alert ship crews.
U.S. suffered heavy losses though a total of 5 battleships, 3 destroyers, 2
cruisers, and many other ship and most of the harbors airplanes were either
sunk, sinking, damaged, or destroyed. These losses took a heavy toll on
the American pacific fleet.
On December 8th 1941 president Roosevelt went in front of congress to
ask for a deliration of war against Japan. He referred to December 7th as
“the day that shall live in infamy”.
A few days later Italy and Germany
declared war on America too. Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor America
Pearl harbor left many lasting affects on the U.S. there are now many
memorials to all the people that died that day. And it has left a lasting
mark on American history.
It truly was a day that will live in infamy. .