There ‘s a debate within psychology about whether certain aspects of behavior are genetic or learned characteristics. Certain physical characteristics are genetic, like color of eyes, hair type, and skin color. Other things like driving, talking, or tying your shoes are learned.
People wonder if personality and mental abilities are genetic or learned. There are good arguments for both the nurture, and nature side of these three issues: intelligence, personality, and homosexuality.
The process of genetically inheritance is the transmission of traits from parents to offspring.
Each cell in the body has 23 pairs of chromosomes and one chromosome from each pair is inherited from the mother and one from the father into the child. Mutations in the DNA code causes different forms of genes to appear in the offspring. People genetically inherit their facial features, some diseases, instincts, and some would argue their sexuality, personality, or intelligence. Sexual desires, along with sleeping and facial recognition, are said to be instincts.
According to Jennifer Smith in the article “Waking Up from the American Dream,” “One ‘s intelligence, in a very real sense, is simply a matter of luck. One is born with it and can only gain
so much through effort. ” People relate someone innovative usually to have a high level of
intelligence. When background checks are given to the person the influences of nature versus
nurture are brought up. The argument is whether intelligence is learned or is one born with their
intelligence. Today most psychologist recognized that human intelligence is formed by both genetic factors and their environment.
Those who argue that intelligence is hereditary would say a who developed early skills quickly were born smart. They ‘d say an average person wouldn ‘t be able to achieve the greatness someone like Albert Einstein could. Evidence of genetic influences include: “Twin studies suggest that identical twins IQ ‘s are more similar than those of fraternal twins” (Promin ; Spinath, 2004). and, “Siblings reared together in the same home have IQ ‘s that are more similar than those of adopted children raised together in the same environment” (McGue & others, 1993).
The idea of nature in intelligence was strongly rejected by early modern philosophers. If two parents with very high IQs have a child with a very low IQ, it ‘s most likely due to genetic mutation.
There are many environmental influences that are said to influence intelligence, the biggest being family and education.
If a child has a home life that encourages learning they usually are of higher intelligence than a child not in that type of home. A person ‘s access to education also determines their intelligence level, and usually the more education they have the more intelligent they are. Anup Shah, in the article “Causes of Poverty,” on the website GlobalIssue, claims, “Children raised in poverty tend to miss school more often because of illness. ” Nutrition affects intelligence throughout a human lifespan. Proper nutrition establishes a