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    Nature of Music ; Early, Medieval, and Renaissance ; 800 BC – 1600 AD (Unit One)

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    THE FLOW OF MUSIC THROUGH TIME
    RHYTHM
    THE ORGANIZATION OF BEATS:
    METER
    A SYMBOL FOR BEATS-PER-MEASURE:
    METER SIGNATURE ; TIME SIGNATURE
    THE SPEED OF BEATS:
    TEMPO
    A SERIES OF PITCHES FORMING A UNIT (THE TUNE):
    MELODY
    A TERM DESCRIBING HIGH OR LOW REGIONS OF PITCH
    REGISTER
    THE MAIN RECURRING MELODY:
    THEME
    THE SHAPE AND DIRECTION OF A MELODY:
    CONTOUR
    LESS SIGNIFICANT NOTES DECORATING THE MELODY:
    DECORATIVE NOTES
    A LOGICAL GROUPING OF MELODY NOTES; SIMILAR TO THE USE OF LANGUAGE:
    PHRASE
    ANY TWO OR MORE SIMULTANEOUS PITCHES:
    HARMONY
    TONALITY; A HIERARCHICHAL SYSTEM FEATURING A CENTRAL HARMONY:
    KEY
    THE PROCESS OF CHANGING KEY:
    MODULATION
    DESCRIBE THE SOUNDS OF MAJOR VS. MINOR HARMONIES.
    MAJOR-HAPPY ; MINOR-SAD
    DESCRIBE THE SOUNDS OF CONSONANCE VS. DISSONANCE.
    CON-PLEASING ; DIS-TENSE
    THE NUMBER (AND USE) OF MELODIES:
    TEXTURE
    TEXTURE FEATURING ONE UNACCOMPANIED MELODY:
    MONOPHONIC
    TEXTURE FEATURING ONE MELODY WITH ACCOMPANIMENT:
    HOMOPHONIC
    TEXTURE FEATURING TWO OR MORE MELODIES SIMULTANEOUSLY:
    POLYPHONIC
    A TERM FOR SUCCESSIVE ENTRIES OF A SINGLE MELODY (LIKE A ROUND):
    IMITATION
    A TERM FOR VOLUME:
    DYNAMICS
    AN ITALIAN TERM FOR AN INCREASE IN VOLUME:
    CRESCENDO
    AN ITALIAN TERM FOR A DECREASE IN VOLUME:
    DECRESCENDO
    A TERM SYNONYMOUS WITH TONE QUALITY OR TONE COLOR:
    TIMBRE
    THE PLAN OF ORGANIZATION FOR A PIECE OF MUSIC:
    FORMS
    LIST THE 3 POSSIBLE FORMAL PRINCIPLES.
    REPETITION, VARIATION, CONTRAST
    THE CATEGORY OF A PIECE OF MUSIC BASED ON ITS INSTRUMENTATION AND FORM:
    GENRE
    INDEPENDENT SECTIONS WITHIN A LARGER PIECE, USUALLY WITH PAUSES IN BETWEEN:
    MOVEMENT
    LIST THE 4 ORCHESTRAL STRING INSTRUMENTS IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
    VIOLIN, VIOLA, CELLO, BASS
    LIST THE 2 WAYS SOUND IS PRODUCED ON A STRING INSTRUMENT.
    PLUCK ; BOW
    WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE ORCHESTRA IS TAKEN UP BY THE STRING SECTION?
    HALF
    LIST THE 4 MAIN ORCHESTRAL WOODWINDS IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
    FLUTE, OBOE, CLARINET, BASSOON
    DESCRIBE THE INNER-CONTRUCTION OF EACH WOODWIND INSTRUMENT.
    SILVER NICKEL-FLUTE
    GRENADELLA WOOD-OBOE & CLARINET
    MAPLE WOOD-BASSOON
    HOW MANY OF EACH ARE THERE LIKELY TO BE IN THE ORCHESTRA?
    2
    LIST THE 4 BRASS INSTRUMENTS IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
    TRUMPET, FRENCH HORN, TROMBONE, TUBA
    DESCRIBE HOW SOUND IS PRODUCED IN A BRASS INSTRUMENT.
    VIBRATING LIPS
    HOW MANY OF EACH ARE THERE LIKELY TO BE IN THE ORCHESTRA?
    3 TRUMPETS
    4 FRENCH HORNS
    2 TROMBONES (& 1 BASS TROMBONE)
    1 TUBA
    LIST THE 2 BROAD CATEGORIES OF PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS.
    TUNED AND UNTUNED (THOSE THAT PLAY PITCH, AND THOSE THAT DO NOT)
    LIST THE 4 VOICE TYPES IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
    SOPRANO, ALTO, TENOR, BASS
    LIST THE 3 MOST COMMON KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS AND HOW SOUND IS PRODUCED IN EACH.
    HARPSICHORD, PIANO, PIPE ORGAN
    GIVE THE DATES COVERING ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME.
    800 BC – 476 AD
    WHAT ARE THE 2 MOST COMMON USES OF MUSIC IN ANCIENT GREECE?
    VOCAL ; GREEK DRAMA
    WHAT WAS THE MOST COMMON INSTRUMENT OF ANCIENT GREECE?
    LYRE
    WHAT WAS THE COMMON GREEK BELIEF ABOUT THE POWER OF MUSIC?
    INFLUENCED MORAL CHARACTER
    GIVE THE DATES OF THE MIDDLE AGES.
    476 AD – 1100 AD
    WHAT WAS THE MOST POPULAR GENRE DURING THIS TIME?
    VOCAL
    WHAT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT TYPE OF CHURCH SERVICE?
    MASS
    WHAT IS THE NAME AND PURPOSE OF THE SPECIAL MASS FEATURING THE DIES IRAE?
    REQUIEM MASS ; FUNERALS
    LIST 7 MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHANT.
    NONMETRICAL RHYTHM
    MONOPHONIC TEXTURE
    SMOOTH CONTOUR
    MODAL SCALES
    REVERENT AND RESTRAINED MOOD
    TEXT IN LATIN
    ONLY SUNG BY MONKS AND PRIESTS DURING MASS
    WHICH ABBESS WAS THE 12TH C COMPOSER OF LITURGICAL DRAMAS?
    HILDEGARD
    GIVE THE DATES OF THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD.
    1100 AD – 1450 AD
    DURING THIS PERIOD, MUSIC CHANGED FROM MONOPHONY TO WHAT TEXTURE?
    POLYPHONY
    WHAT 11TH C GENRE ADDED A PARALLEL LINE TO A CHANT, FORMING THE LINK BETWEEN MONOPHONY AND POLYPHONY?
    ORGANUM
    WHICH TWO 12TH C COMPOSERS DEVELOPED 4-PART ORGANUM AT THE CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE DAME IN PARIS?
    LEONIN AND PEROTIN
    THE TERM FOR A BASS LINE BASED ON A PHRASE OF CHANT:
    CANTUS FIRMUS
    WHAT 4-PART POLYPHONIC GENRE WAS BASED ON A CANTUS FIRMUS?
    MOTET
    WHICH FRENCH COMPOSER WAS KNOWN FOR HIS MOTETS?
    MACHAUT
    FAST DANCE IN TRIPLE METER:
    ESTAMPIE
    GIVE THE DATES AND DEFINITION OF THE RENAISSANCE.
    1450 AD – 1600 AD ; REBIRTH
    WHICH RENAISSANCE COMPOSER FROM THE NETHERLANDS WAS KNOWN FOR HIS CHANSONS AND MOTETS?
    JOSQUIN
    WHAT GENRE IS DESCRIBED AS A FRENCH POLYPHONIC SONG?
    CHANSON
    WHICH ITALIAN COMPOSER WAS CONSIDERED CONSERVATIVE DURING HIS LIFETIME, BUT IS NOW CONSIDERED THE CULMINATION OF THE RENAISSANCE?
    PALESTRINA
    WHAT ITALIAN GENRE IS A POLYPHONIC PIECE FOR A SMALL GROUP OF SINGERS?
    MADRIGAL
    THE TERM FOR THE MUSICAL DEPICTION OF WORDS:
    TEXT PAINTING ; WORD PAINTING
    WHICH ENGLISH COMPOSER WAS KNOWN FOR HIS MADRIGALS?
    WEELKES
    WHAT WAS THE MOST COMMON INSTRUMENT OF THE RENAISSANCE?
    LUTE

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    Nature of Music ; Early, Medieval, and Renaissance ; 800 BC – 1600 AD (Unit One). (2017, Sep 05). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/nature-of-music-early-medieval-and-renaissance-800-bc-1600-ad-unit-one-13952/

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