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Which best describes absolute music?
music without a story or text
How do Classical artists differ from their Romantic counterparts?
They emphasize clarity and beauty of form.
The Classical period in music ranged from approximately:

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What was the historical force that had an impact on the Classical era?
the American Revolution
the French Revolution
the Industrial Revolution
Mark the elements of the classic style.
singable melody
regular rhythm
folk elements
diatonic harmony
An extra piece performed at the end of a concert in response to audience applause is called:
an encore
Interest in Greek and Roman antiquity during the eighteenth century greatly influenced:
Which American president was a leading figure during the Classical period (1750-1825)?
How does a scherzo differ from a minuet?
It is faster and sometimes humorous.
Mark 4 musical forms that make up the sonata cycle.
theme and variations
sonata form
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, development, and:
Who was NOT a master of the Viennese school?
Which role in musical life was socially acceptable for 18th century women?
A concerto is a composition for soloist with orchestral accompaniment.
A symphony is a composition for solo instrument with orchestral accompaniment.
The Catholic Church had an important part in developing secular music.
The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government was:
A cloister is:
a place for religious seclusion
The single-line melodies (monophonic) of the music of the early Christian Church are known as:
Gregorian chant
all of the above
_____________ is traditionally associated with collecting and codifying the chants of the church.
Pope Gregory
Hildegard of Bingen is known as:
a nun and church composer
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
the Ordinary
The High Middle Ages witnessed:
the building of great cathedrals
the founding of universities
the rise of the bourgeoisie
all of the above
Medieval monasteries played an important part in preserving culture.
Monks were people who had a demanding life style
Early notation employed small ascending and descending signs written above the words to suggest the melodic contours of chants. These signs were called:
The Notre Dame style of polyphony, in which the Tenor line was based on a pre-existing chant melody in long note values and the upper voice moved freely (and more rapidly), was called:
The preservation of music without the help of written notation is called:
oral transmission
The earliest type of polyphony was:
Which Greek philosopher discovered the mathematical ratios of musical intervals?
Mark 4 examples of Medieval/Renaissance sacred vocal music
Mark 2 correct examples of secular vocal forms used during the Medieval/Renaissance
Name the medieval instrument that preceeded the modern oboe.
Female poet-musicians of southern France were known during the Middle Ages as:
Which of the following were the Medieval poet-musicians of southern France?
A vocal work without instrumental accompaniment is said to be performed:
a cappella
The singing style used at St. Mark’s in Venice, which featured groups singing in alternation and then together from locations of the church (stereo effect), was called:
All of the following were Renaissance artists EXCEPT:
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
cantus firmus
Match the composer to the appropriate school
Josquin des Pres-Flemish
Which best describes the character of Farmer’s “Fair Phyllis”?
pastoral and light
Which of the following was the chief form of Italian secular music in the Renaissance?
the madrigal
Where was the madrigal first developed?
The first composer to indicate dynamics and specific instrumentation in music was:
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
During the late sixteenth century, the principal center for polychoral singing was:
St. Mark’s of Venice
The introduction of printing in the West happened during the Renaissance.
All of the following represent the thinking of the Renaissance EXCEPT:
an exclusively religious orientation
The special Mass sung at funerals and memorials in the Roman Catholic Church is:
the Requiem
Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to musically pictorialize words from the text is called:
word painting
In her career, Amy Cheney Beach distinguished herself as:
a concert pianist
a composer
a music educator
all of the above
Which of the following is NOT a famous Russian ballet based on folklore?
Prokofiev’s “Romeo and Juliet”
Which composer is considered the first great exponent of musical Romanticism in France?
Brahms wrote no symphonies until he was past the age of forty, in part because he was in awe of the symphonies of:
Mark all correct one movement character pieces written for the improved piano.You should have five answers.
Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?
a concerto
Dvorak wrote his “New World Symphony” while living in:
In the 19th century, where did serious American musicians complete their studies?
in Europe
Opera that featured huge choruses, elaborate dance scenes, ornate costumes and scenery, and serious, historical plots is called:
grand opera
Felix Mendelssohn was active as:
a composer
a teacher
a conductor
all of the above
Nationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:
employing native songs and dances of their people in their works
writing absolute music
all of the above
Which of the following countries was NOT a leading opera center in the 19th century?
Mark all improvements made to the piano around 1820.There will be five correct answers.
extended keyboard
improved soundboard
cast iron frame
double escapement
Smetana’s “My Country” is:
a set of six symphonic poems
Berlioz’s “Symphonie Fantastique” is an example of:
a symphony
Which of the following Russian composers was famous for his ballets?
Which of the following was a widely loved nationalist opera composer?
The famous German composer of “music drama” was:
A strings quartet consists of: 2 violins, viola, and cello.
Mozart was a child prodigy and began composing music by the age of five.
The numbers of players in the Classical orchestras was 30-40.
Mozart played the harpsichord and wrote many concertos for this instrument.
Music for a small ensemble of 2 to 10 players with one player to a part is called chamber music.
Bach played a central role in the evolution of the string quartet.
Quick crescendos and the 4 movement cycle in symphonies was developed in the city of Mannheim, Germany.
Which composer established the scherzo as a regular alternative to the minuet movement?
Beethoven supported himself through:
music lessons
public concerts
A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment called:
a cadenza
Which work by Beethoven is called the Choral Symphony?
How did comic opera differ from opera seria?
It was sung in the vernacular.
It presented down-to-earth plots.
It featured ensemble as well as solo singing
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik:
is German for “A Little Night Music”
Which is NOT a work by Haydn?
Which composer wrote over 20 concertos for the piano, thus establishing this genre?
Mozart died while writing his:
How many movements are in a Classical concerto?
The trio sonata was the most common type of chamber music during the classic era.
Of the following, who is NOT a major composer of string quartets?
A piano trio consists of piano, violin, and cello.
During the 19th century, concert life began to center in the public concert hall.
Schumann’s A Poet’s Love:
is a cycle of songs
sets poetry by Heinrich Heine
was inspired by his love for Clara Wieck
Which composer is known as the “poet of the piano”?
Chopin spent most of his productive life in:
Clara Schumann was a virtuoso performer on:
the piano
Match the composition to the composer.
Correct Response __1__ Erl King
Correct Response __7__ The Moldau
Correct Response __8__ Eine Kleine Nachtmusic
Correct Response __9__ Symphony No. 94
Correct Response __2__ Military Polonaise
Correct Response __3__ Nocturne
Correct Response __6__ Symphony No. 5
Correct Response __4__ In the Lovely Month of May
Correct Response __5__ Symphonie Fantastique
1. Schubert
2. Chopin
3. Clara Schumann
4. Robert Schumann
5. Berlioz
6. Beethoven
7. Smetana
8. Mozart
9. Haydn
1. Schubert
2. Chopin
3. Clara Schumann
4. Robert Schumann
5. Berlioz
6. Beethoven
7. Smetana
8. Mozart
9. Haydn
Goethe and Heine were two of the leading 19th century writers whose poetry was set by Lieder composers.
Which was a new instrument of the Romantic period?
The German term for the art song is:
The Romantic orchestra was the same size as the Classical orchestra.
The favored chamber instrument of the 19th century was:
the piano
During the 19th century, concert life began to center around the:
public concert hall
Which does NOT characterize Romantic music?
reserved emotions
The term “tempo rubato,” associated with Chopin’s music, means that the performer should:
take liberties with the tempo
Titles such as “Prelude,” “Impromptu,” and “Intermezzo” are used for:
short, lyric piano pieces
A song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called:
A Romantic symphony is generally longer than one from the Classical period.
A song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections (“Erlking”) is called:
Which best describes the role of women in 19th century music?
the piano provided them with a socially acceptable performance outlet
The Hungarian composer who combined native folk music characteristics with main currents of European music was:
“West Side Story” is a modern-day musical setting of Shakespeare’s:
“Romeo and Juliet”
All of the following were pioneers in the new rock and roll style of the 1950s EXCEPT:
Neil Sedaka
Copland’s “Billy the Kid” is:
a ballet
Impressionism in music is best exemplified by the works of:
What kind of jazz is Duke Ellington known for?
big band
Which early 20th century style dealt with the realm of the unconscious, distorted images, and the inner self?
Lillian Hardin performed with and was married to which famous jazz musician?
Louis Armstrong
The movement that, along with post-Romanticism, ushered in the 20th century was known as:
What American city could be considered the birthplace of jazz?
New Orleans
What American composer is known as the “king of ragtime”?
The leader of the Impressionist painters is considered to have been:
Which of the following was NOT a composer of American musicals?
The simultaneous use of several rhythmic patterns is known as:
What name is given to the 20th century composers who continued the Romantic tradition?
Rock and roll emerged as a union of which two styles?
rhythm/blues and country/western
The Viennese composer who, after writing in both post-Romantic and atonal styles, invented the 12 tone method was:
Which of the following is NOT composed by Stephen Foster?
“When Johnny Comes Marching Home”
Which of the following was a Russian-born composer who wrote in post-Impressionist, Neoclassical, and serial styles, among others?
Mark all correct “ism’s” of the 20th Century.You should have eight answers
Post Romanticism
New Romanticism
Who is NOT an important film composer of the 1930s and 1940s?
John Williams
The groups Soundgarden and Nirvana are representative of:
grunge rock
The music of The Chieftains is based on the musical culture of which country?
Which is NOT characteristic of Ladysmith Black Mambazo’s “Kangivumanga”?
All of the following popular singers died from alcohol and/or drug abuse EXCEPT:
John Lennon
Micropolyphony is associated with the music of:
MIDI technology allows electronic musical instruments and computers to be linked.
Which of the following composers is NOT a minimalist?
Music made up of natural sounds that are recorded and then altered is called:
musique concrète
Which best describes the life of Abing?
Blind street musician
The Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead are groups that played in the _________ style.
acid rock
Which is NOT a major European composer of avant-garde music?
Early attempts at indeterminacy in music are credited to:
John Cage
The interactive medium that can present a mixture of sounds, words, and images is:
Match the composer to the composition:
Correct Response __9__ Joplin
Correct Response __7__ Tan Dun
Correct Response __1__ Tower
Correct Response __13__ Holiday
Correct Response __10__ Debussy
Correct Response __14__ Revueltas
Correct Response __12__ Baker
Correct Response __4__ Ligeti
Correct Response __6__ Bernstein
Correct Response __11__ Stravinsky
Correct Response __15__ Schoenberg
Correct Response __2__ Reich
Correct Response __5__ Crumb
Correct Response __8__ Copland
Correct Response __3__ Abing
1. For the Uncommon Woman
2. City Life
3. The Moon Reflected on the Second Springs
4. Disorder
5. Ancient Voices of Children
6. West Side Story
7. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
8. Billy the Kid
9. Maple Leaf Rag
10. Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun
11. Rite of Spring
12. Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child
13. Billie’s Blues
14. Homenaje a Federico García Lorca
15. Pierrot Lunaire
1. For the Uncommon Woman
2. City Life
3. The Moon Reflected on the Second Springs
4. Disorder
5. Ancient Voices of Children
6. West Side Story
7. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
8. Billy the Kid
9. Maple Leaf Rag
10. Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun
11. Rite of Spring
12. Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child
13. Billie’s Blues
14. Homenaje a Federico García Lorca
15. Pierrot Lunaire
What does NOT characterize the East African piece “Ensiriba ya munnage Katego”?
complex written notation of rhythm
Electronically generated music can be heard today:
in movie soundtracks
in TV commercials
in rock bands
The feminist movement since the 1960s has focused on both works of lesser-known women artists and issues of gender.
Who is NOT associated with the New Romanticism?
One type of aleatoric music is open form.
Who recorded the Grammy-winning album “Graceland”?
Paul Simon
The first elaborate electronic synthesizer was:
the RCA Electronic Music Syntheizer
The gentler, more lyrical rock style that evolved around 1960 was:
soft rock
Synthesizers are devices that combine sound generators and sound modifiers in one package with a unified control system.
The Gyütö monks, famous for their extraordinary style of chanting Buddish tantras, are from:
Of the following composers, who is NOT Chinese?
The single most important development in the 1980s was:
music video
Which technique must the modern virtuoso singer be able to perform?
quarter-tone singing
vocal distortions
What do Bethany Beardslee, Cathy Berberian, and Jan De Gaetani have in common?
They are all virtuoso singers
Over 300,000 music fans attended the Woodstock Festival held in upstate New York in August:

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Which best describes absolute music? music without a story or text How do Classical artists differ from their Romantic counterparts? They emphasize clarity and beauty of
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