All of the following are desired of Baldassare Castiglione’s l’uomo universale EXCEPT
charity to the less fortunate.
The humanists in Lorenzo’s court have viewed Venus in Botticelli’s Primavera as
an allegory for the highest moral qualities.
Lorenzo Ghiberti created a vivid sense of real space in his design by
It is remarkable that a competition was held in 1401 to design the doors to the Florence Baptistery, given that scarcely over a half century earlier, the city had witnessed
as much as four fifths of its population succumb to the Black Death.
According to Pico della Mirandola in the Oration on the Dignity of Man, humans are “the most fortunate of living things,” because of their great gift of
Dufay’s Nuper rosarum flores repeats the fixed melody on 6, 4, 2, and 3 units per breve to
mirror the proportions of Solomon’s Temple and the Florence Cathedral.
How did Filippo Brunelleschi construct his dome without temporary wooden scaffolding?
The dome’s ribs function as support, so scaffolding is part of the design.
Cosimo de’ Medici founded Florence’s Platonic Academy to
provide a place for the study and discussion of Plato’s works
Piero Della Francesca painted Federigo de Montefeltro, duke of Urbino, in profile because
Federigo was missing an eye and part of his nose.
Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper fresco is unique for its
In Titian’s Sacred and Profane Love, sacred love is represented by
the nude woman.
In the School of Athens, Raphael represents Plato pointing upward to signify the location of
the realm of ideal forms.
In Renaissance Italy, the education of women was, to some degree, necessitated by
the rise of the merchant class.
In the School of Athens, Aristotle directs his palm down to
indicate that knowledge comes from study of the natural world.
Villa La Rotunda was modeled upon the
In The Nobility and Excellence of Women and the Defects and Vices of Men, Lucretia Marinella claims that men who denigrate women are motivated by
anger and envy.
According to the ancient Roman Vitruvius, the ideal human body should be eight times the size of the
Donato Bramante applied the Vitruvian circle inscribed with a square to his church designs to
symbolize the perfection of God
Michelangelo placed the Separation of Light from Darkness at the far end of the Sistine Chapel over the altar, because it
was intended to symbolize the viewers’ distance from creation’s goodness and truth
Venetian artists begin favoring oil paint over tempera, because it
gave their work more luminosity and realistic details.
Why in his later years did Martin Luther claim that the Jews were devils and blasphemers?
Jews did not willingly convert in great numbers to the reformed Christianity.
At the heart of Martin Luther’s outrage at the Church’s “salvation for sale” was
class inequity and injustice.
Satire aims to convey the contradiction between
real and ideal situations
Ulrich Zwingli launched his program of iconoclasm in Zurich to
protest the excesses of the Vatican.
Martin Luther rebelled against the Church mandate about celibacy for those in a religious vocation, because
faith, to him, equalized everyone, including the clergy.
Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More revived the Classical literary genre of
The first major work that Johannes Gutenberg published using his printing press was
The Forty-Two Line Bible.
The Roman Catholic Church condemned François Rabelais’s Gargantua and Pantagruel for
attacking medieval theology’s dogmas and sacraments.
Michel de Montaigne invented the
Why did many Northern European artists turn to painting portraits and landscapes?
The market for religious art was diminishing.
Which of the following is NOT one of William Byrd’s reasons for people to learn to sing?
It makes people more pleasant.
What in Dr. Faustus would become a standard feature of the Elizabethan stage?
blending of tragic and comedy
English families agreed to colonize Roanoke Island in 1587
in exchange for land.
England sought to establish a colonial foothold in the Americas to
counter the powerful Hispanic Catholic presence there.
Which Elizabethan writer used the English sonnet form so successfully that it has been given his name?
In an English sonnet, the resolution or explanation is the last
in Hans Holbein’s The Ambassadors, the skull between the two ambassadors represents
the fate that awaits us all
Publication of what work directly inspired sacred music during the Elizabethan age?
The First Book of Common Prayer
Henry VIII wrote a tract condemning Martin Luther and his religious reforms to
earn a “Defender of the Faith” title from the pope.
For John Smith and the English people, Pocahontas symbolized the
Jamestown colony’s civilizing mission.