The Indian Renaissance begins with the Modern Period. And the Modern Period starts with the British domination in India. The British rule brought political unity to India which she was lacking for centuries. It also brought with it a new and expanding religion, a different culture and civilization which has had enormous impact on the life and mind of the people of India.
Raja Ram Noun Roy, generally acclaimed as the prophet of the Indian renaissance or Indian awakening or Indian nationalism, took up the task of the study of English language and literature immediately after starting his crusade against idolatry, polytheism and Sati. In other words, his movement for the reform of Hinduism and his call to his countrymen to go back to the teachings of the Pinheads antedate his familiarity with English literature and Western ideas. This important fact leads us to assert that the impact of the West could at best be the occasion for the birth of the national awakening, but definitely not a veracious.
On the contrary, the spirit of India was awakening the minds of a number of eminent persons to raise India from its deep slumber and recovering its spiritual heritage, although in some form or The British Impact (negative aspect) The important fact to be noted is that with its roots in a materialistic view of the universe and self-understands as well, the Western civilization was incapable of reviving the spiritual culture of ancient India directly unto the floor. It will be too much to hold that a civilization (I. E.
West) which exaggerates bodily and mental life could directly lead to the discovery of the inner spirit of man and its immense possibilities. At best, it could give rise to conditions under which the dormant creative faculty of the Indian spirit could be revived. British Impact (Positive side) Every “no-moon” has its positive side to show at some or other time. And the impact of Western thought is no exception. It gave momentum to the renaissance movement in India. English education enabled Indian mind for the first time to have a closer view of Western culture.
As a result of which the mental outlook of the educated Indian mind was broadened. Indian people now could understand and appreciate the ideological forces that were the living force for the West. They also felt the direct impact of a great industrial, scientific and technical civilization which was in a recess; to change the shape of the world, it also engendered in them a new critical and reflective attitude and they became more conscious of the shortcomings of their own society.
Moreover, they could be conscious of evils that had entered Indian society through the ages and had almost deprived it of its dynamism and Indian Spirituality and Indian Renaissance It is quite evident that the spread of Western education could not by itself have fostered and promoted the renaissance unless there had not been a genuine urge from within, a spirit of renaissance aiming at the revival of what was noble and elevating in Indian’s past.
That is how we are led to assess that though the West has had its influence on Indian minds for a national resurgence, the main factor responsible for this is the Sati of India which has thrown up a large number of high- soiled Indians who incarnated in themselves the new spirit of awakening.
How the sprout of Renaissance came out to stand as a gigantic banyan tree is the stimulation of the West to revive the dormant intellectual and critical impulse of the people, to force them to turn to their past and recover the spiritual heritage, and put the revived spirit face to face with novel conditions and ideas and the urgent necessity of understanding and conquering them. Biodiversity refers to the variety of life. It is seen in the number of species in nanoseconds or on the entire Earth. Biodiversity gets used as a measure of athlete of biological systems, and to see if there is a danger that too emancipates become extinct.
The United Nations designated 2011-2020 as the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity. Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life.  It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems. This can refer to genetic variation,ecosystem variation, or species variation (number of species)[l] within an area,bimbo, or planet. Terrestrial biodiversity tends to be highest near the equator, which seems to be the result of the warm climate and high primary productivity. Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth. It is the richest in the tropics.