All of the following monarchs were successful in continuing the centralization of their “new monarchies” except
Maximilian I of the Holy Roman Empire.
The development of printing in the fifteenth century
ensured that literacy and new knowledge would spread rapidly in European society
Machiavelli’s The Prince advocates that a successful ruler must
act without scruples for the good of the state
By the fifteenth century, Italy was
dominated by five major regional independent powers
In the late fifteenth century, Italy became a battleground for the competing interests of
Spain and France.
The “new monarchs” of the late fifteenth century in Europe
were focused upon the acquisition and expansion of power
The achievements of the Italian Renaissance were the products of
an elite movement, involving small numbers of wealthy patrons, artists, and intellectuals
The Italian Renaissance was primarily
a recovery or rebirth of antiquity and Greco-Roman culture
The family of merchants and bankers who dominated Florence during the high point of the Renaissance was the
Italian Renaissance humanism in the early fifteenth century, above all else
was based on the study of the Greco-Roman classics.
Who said, ”Christ is my God; Cicero is the prince of the language.’
Johannes Gutenberg was a key developer of
the movable type printing press.
The Wars of the Roses refers to a civil conflict in
The monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella
reorganized the military forces of Spain; expelled all professed Jews from Spain; conquered the last Muslim kingdom of Granada; and filled their royal council with middle-class lawyers instead of aristocrats.
Propertyless workers and the unemployed constituted what percentage of the population living in cities?
30 to 40 percent
The wealth of the northern Italian cities that funded the Renaissance was gained mostly from
The Renaissance figure in the following list who was not a leading painter was
Perhaps the most famous of Italian ruling woman was
Marriages in Renaissance Italy
were an economic necessity of life involving complicated family negotiations
The Book of the Courtier was a
popular handbook laying out the new skills in politics, the arts, and personal comportment expected of Renaissance aristocrats
The painter of the Rome’s Sistine Chapel ceiling was
The Third Estate of the fifteenth century was
overwhelmingly made up of peasants
Western Europe in the Renaissance saw
a decline in serfdom
According to Jacob Burckhardt, the Renaissance in Italy represented
a distinct break from the Middle Ages and the true birth of the modern world.
Which of the following statements best describes marriage in Renaissance Italy?
Marriages were usually arranged, to strengthen familial alliances
Which pair of artists both sculpted a likeness of David?
Donatello and Michelangelo.
The first Italian humanist to gain a thorough knowledge of Greek was
Which ancient writer was considered by civic humanists as their model?
Renaissance humanists in Italy
had occupations in schools and universities or as secretaries in city-states or at the courts of princes or popes.
Aristocracy in the 16th century was
to dominate society as it had done in the middle ages
Banquets during the renaissance
were used to express wealth and power of and aristocratic family
Slavery in the renaissance
saw slaves from Africa and the eastern Mediterranean used mostly as courtly domestic servants and as skilled workers
In renaissance italy
the family bond was generally considered unimportant
Federigo de Montefeltro of Urbino was
an example of a skilled, intelligent, independent italian warrior prince
Peace of Lodi
served to maintain peace between the Italian states for 40 years
Renaissance humanists in Italy
restricted their attention to scholasticism and the medieval liberal arts curriculum
Humanisms main effect on the writing of history was
the secularization of the writing of history and the explanation of change over time
One of the foremost preoccupations of italian renaissance art was
the realistic portrayal of the human nude
After 1438, the HRE remained in the hands of the
The sultan responsible for the capture of constantinople in 1453 was
John Wycliff criticized the church for
not letting people read the bible in vernacular
was often seen as corrupt and debauches as evidenced by Alexander VI
Stressed the importance & potential of the human mind & body.
The Byzantine Empire was finally destroyed in 1453 by the
Whose ideas as expressed in The Prince achieve a model for a modern secular concept of power politics?
What Renaissance artist painted the “Last Supper”?
Leonardo Da Vinci
The liberal education taught by Renaissance humanists contained as its primary goal the creation of well-rounded, virtuous & ethical citizens.