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Nature of Music ; Early, Medieval, and Renaissance ; 800 BC – 1600 AD (Unit One)

THE FLOW OF MUSIC THROUGH TIME
RHYTHM
THE ORGANIZATION OF BEATS:
METER
A SYMBOL FOR BEATS-PER-MEASURE:
METER SIGNATURE ; TIME SIGNATURE
THE SPEED OF BEATS:
TEMPO
A SERIES OF PITCHES FORMING A UNIT (THE TUNE):
MELODY
A TERM DESCRIBING HIGH OR LOW REGIONS OF PITCH
REGISTER
THE MAIN RECURRING MELODY:
THEME
THE SHAPE AND DIRECTION OF A MELODY:
CONTOUR
LESS SIGNIFICANT NOTES DECORATING THE MELODY:
DECORATIVE NOTES
A LOGICAL GROUPING OF MELODY NOTES; SIMILAR TO THE USE OF LANGUAGE:
PHRASE
ANY TWO OR MORE SIMULTANEOUS PITCHES:
HARMONY
TONALITY; A HIERARCHICHAL SYSTEM FEATURING A CENTRAL HARMONY:
KEY
THE PROCESS OF CHANGING KEY:
MODULATION
DESCRIBE THE SOUNDS OF MAJOR VS. MINOR HARMONIES.
MAJOR-HAPPY ; MINOR-SAD
DESCRIBE THE SOUNDS OF CONSONANCE VS. DISSONANCE.
CON-PLEASING ; DIS-TENSE
THE NUMBER (AND USE) OF MELODIES:
TEXTURE
TEXTURE FEATURING ONE UNACCOMPANIED MELODY:
MONOPHONIC
TEXTURE FEATURING ONE MELODY WITH ACCOMPANIMENT:
HOMOPHONIC
TEXTURE FEATURING TWO OR MORE MELODIES SIMULTANEOUSLY:
POLYPHONIC
A TERM FOR SUCCESSIVE ENTRIES OF A SINGLE MELODY (LIKE A ROUND):
IMITATION
A TERM FOR VOLUME:
DYNAMICS
AN ITALIAN TERM FOR AN INCREASE IN VOLUME:
CRESCENDO
AN ITALIAN TERM FOR A DECREASE IN VOLUME:
DECRESCENDO
A TERM SYNONYMOUS WITH TONE QUALITY OR TONE COLOR:
TIMBRE
THE PLAN OF ORGANIZATION FOR A PIECE OF MUSIC:
FORMS
LIST THE 3 POSSIBLE FORMAL PRINCIPLES.
REPETITION, VARIATION, CONTRAST
THE CATEGORY OF A PIECE OF MUSIC BASED ON ITS INSTRUMENTATION AND FORM:
GENRE
INDEPENDENT SECTIONS WITHIN A LARGER PIECE, USUALLY WITH PAUSES IN BETWEEN:
MOVEMENT
LIST THE 4 ORCHESTRAL STRING INSTRUMENTS IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
VIOLIN, VIOLA, CELLO, BASS
LIST THE 2 WAYS SOUND IS PRODUCED ON A STRING INSTRUMENT.
PLUCK ; BOW
WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE ORCHESTRA IS TAKEN UP BY THE STRING SECTION?
HALF
LIST THE 4 MAIN ORCHESTRAL WOODWINDS IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
FLUTE, OBOE, CLARINET, BASSOON
DESCRIBE THE INNER-CONTRUCTION OF EACH WOODWIND INSTRUMENT.
SILVER NICKEL-FLUTE
GRENADELLA WOOD-OBOE & CLARINET
MAPLE WOOD-BASSOON
HOW MANY OF EACH ARE THERE LIKELY TO BE IN THE ORCHESTRA?
2
LIST THE 4 BRASS INSTRUMENTS IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
TRUMPET, FRENCH HORN, TROMBONE, TUBA
DESCRIBE HOW SOUND IS PRODUCED IN A BRASS INSTRUMENT.
VIBRATING LIPS
HOW MANY OF EACH ARE THERE LIKELY TO BE IN THE ORCHESTRA?
3 TRUMPETS
4 FRENCH HORNS
2 TROMBONES (& 1 BASS TROMBONE)
1 TUBA
LIST THE 2 BROAD CATEGORIES OF PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS.
TUNED AND UNTUNED (THOSE THAT PLAY PITCH, AND THOSE THAT DO NOT)
LIST THE 4 VOICE TYPES IN ORDER FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST RANGE.
SOPRANO, ALTO, TENOR, BASS
LIST THE 3 MOST COMMON KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS AND HOW SOUND IS PRODUCED IN EACH.
HARPSICHORD, PIANO, PIPE ORGAN
GIVE THE DATES COVERING ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME.
800 BC – 476 AD
WHAT ARE THE 2 MOST COMMON USES OF MUSIC IN ANCIENT GREECE?
VOCAL ; GREEK DRAMA
WHAT WAS THE MOST COMMON INSTRUMENT OF ANCIENT GREECE?
LYRE
WHAT WAS THE COMMON GREEK BELIEF ABOUT THE POWER OF MUSIC?
INFLUENCED MORAL CHARACTER
GIVE THE DATES OF THE MIDDLE AGES.
476 AD – 1100 AD
WHAT WAS THE MOST POPULAR GENRE DURING THIS TIME?
VOCAL
WHAT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT TYPE OF CHURCH SERVICE?
MASS
WHAT IS THE NAME AND PURPOSE OF THE SPECIAL MASS FEATURING THE DIES IRAE?
REQUIEM MASS ; FUNERALS
LIST 7 MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHANT.
NONMETRICAL RHYTHM
MONOPHONIC TEXTURE
SMOOTH CONTOUR
MODAL SCALES
REVERENT AND RESTRAINED MOOD
TEXT IN LATIN
ONLY SUNG BY MONKS AND PRIESTS DURING MASS
WHICH ABBESS WAS THE 12TH C COMPOSER OF LITURGICAL DRAMAS?
HILDEGARD
GIVE THE DATES OF THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD.
1100 AD – 1450 AD
DURING THIS PERIOD, MUSIC CHANGED FROM MONOPHONY TO WHAT TEXTURE?
POLYPHONY
WHAT 11TH C GENRE ADDED A PARALLEL LINE TO A CHANT, FORMING THE LINK BETWEEN MONOPHONY AND POLYPHONY?
ORGANUM
WHICH TWO 12TH C COMPOSERS DEVELOPED 4-PART ORGANUM AT THE CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE DAME IN PARIS?
LEONIN AND PEROTIN
THE TERM FOR A BASS LINE BASED ON A PHRASE OF CHANT:
CANTUS FIRMUS
WHAT 4-PART POLYPHONIC GENRE WAS BASED ON A CANTUS FIRMUS?
MOTET
WHICH FRENCH COMPOSER WAS KNOWN FOR HIS MOTETS?
MACHAUT
FAST DANCE IN TRIPLE METER:
ESTAMPIE
GIVE THE DATES AND DEFINITION OF THE RENAISSANCE.
1450 AD – 1600 AD ; REBIRTH
WHICH RENAISSANCE COMPOSER FROM THE NETHERLANDS WAS KNOWN FOR HIS CHANSONS AND MOTETS?
JOSQUIN
WHAT GENRE IS DESCRIBED AS A FRENCH POLYPHONIC SONG?
CHANSON
WHICH ITALIAN COMPOSER WAS CONSIDERED CONSERVATIVE DURING HIS LIFETIME, BUT IS NOW CONSIDERED THE CULMINATION OF THE RENAISSANCE?
PALESTRINA
WHAT ITALIAN GENRE IS A POLYPHONIC PIECE FOR A SMALL GROUP OF SINGERS?
MADRIGAL
THE TERM FOR THE MUSICAL DEPICTION OF WORDS:
TEXT PAINTING ; WORD PAINTING
WHICH ENGLISH COMPOSER WAS KNOWN FOR HIS MADRIGALS?
WEELKES
WHAT WAS THE MOST COMMON INSTRUMENT OF THE RENAISSANCE?
LUTE

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Nature of Music ; Early, Medieval, and Renaissance ; 800 BC - 1600 AD (Unit One)
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
THE FLOW OF MUSIC THROUGH TIME
RHYTHM
THE ORGANIZATION OF BEATS:
METER
2017-09-06 05:33:18
Nature of Music ; Early, Medieval, and Renaissance ; 800 BC - 1600 AD (Unit One)
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