There are long-term hormonal and non hormonal contraceptive methods which women use to prevent pregnancy; a patient should always seek medical advice to avoid negative impacts of the hormones to the body. The birth control methods are; Spermicide, vaginal spermicides are readily available in the form of creams, suppositories, protective films, jell, and foams (Schreiber, 2016). Spermicide disrupts that sperm membrane and kills them; they aren’t highly valid since it is difficult for all sperms to enter the spermicide.
The diaphragm is a dome-shaped latex barrier typically placed in the virginal to prevent perms from entering the uterus through the cervix. The diaphragm is categorized into various sizes. Hence it is advisable to seek medical assistance before inserting it. The diagram is more effective when used with spermicide in controlling pregnancy. A diaphragm should be inserted six hours before having an intercourse and left there for twenty-four hours for it to be effective. After use, it should be cleaned, dried and stored in a dry place for future use. Vaginal ring, the vaginal ring is inserted into a woman’s vagina once in every month to control pregnancy, it should stay there for a period of three weeks or four weeks depending on someone’s wish, but women are advised to remove it during the fourth week during their menses period then return it immediately one done (Daniels, 2013). It contains hormones that are available in other birth control pills if used appropriately the ring is handy and less than 1/100 women get pregnant each year. In case the ring falls off when taking a bath, you should return it immediately within three hours.
Birth control pills should be taken on a daily basis to control pregnancy; the tablets contain hormones which make mucus in the cervix thicker hence preventing sperms from penetrating into the uterus. Additionally, they avoid the ovaries from releasing eggs for fertilization. The pills work efficiently when taken at the right time. The depo shot is an injection administered by a nurse or doctor to a patient after every three months. It contains progesterone hormone which prevents ovulation from taking place. The implant is a tiny plastic rod containing hormones used to control birth; the implant is usually placed on the upper skin of the upper arm. It is used for a maximum period of three years after which a patient can continue using it o seek for an alternative method. (BERGER, 2017) Identify one method that you feel would be most beneficial to Karen and discuss why you selected it. The intrauterine device is made up of active soft t shaped plastic containing birth control hormones. Is should be placed by clinicians inside the uterus. There are two types of IUD; hormonal and copper.iud can be useful for a period of up to twelve years (Heinemann, 2015).
Once inserted you’ll never think of using birth control methods for an extended period, this is unlike other methods which require you to visit the clinician after a short time, additionally research indicates that IUD has fewer side effects as compared to the different methods because of the little or no hormone contained in it, once IUD is removed it is easy to gain your fertility and get pregnant. Although IUD’s are the best long term birth control methods, they can impact negatively on a patient through the following ways; experiencing abdominal pains, heavier periods, spotting between periods and it doesn’t control STI infections.( Mohammadi, 2015) A patient should always seek medical attention before using either hormonal or copper IUD because an individual’s body reacts differently when a foreign substance has been inserted inside the body (Jacobstein, 2014).
Seeking medical attention will also help in dealing up with complication that may result from the birth control method and also provide information on the period required to use the drug. Are there any methods that you would not recommend for Karen? Why? Birth control pills shouldn’t be used by women who smoke daily because they are at higher risks of getting cervical cancer. Research shows that women who use birth control pills also have high chances of getting breast cancer because the hormones that block pregnancy over stimulates breasts cells (Zapata, 2015). Those with a strong history of cancer in their family like Karen should take it at all since it increases the risk.
- Schreiber, C. A., Ratcliffe, S. J., Sammel, M. D., & Whittaker, P. G. (2016). A self-assessment efficacy tool for spermicide contraceptive users. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 214(2), 264-e1.
- Heinemann, K., Reed, S., Moehner, S., & Do Minh, T. (2015). Comparative contraceptive effectiveness of levonorgestrel-releasing and copper intrauterine devices: the European Active Surveillance Study for Intrauterine Devices. Contraception, 91(4), 280-283.
- Daniels, K., & Jones, J. (2013). Contraceptive methods women have ever used: United States, 1982-2010 (No. 62).
- US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Zapata, Lauren B., Sarah Murtaza, Maura K. Whiteman, Denise J. Jamieson, Cheryl L. Robbins, Polly A. Marchbanks, Denise V. D’Angelo, and Kathryn M. Curtis. ‘Contraceptive counseling and postpartum contraceptive use.’ American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 212, no. 2 (2015): 171-e1.
- BERGER, L. (2017). Birth control and family planning. Heart. Mohammadi, R., Ghorbani, S., Malakzadegan, A., &
- Haghani, H. (2015). Side effects of Intrauterine Device in Breast and Bottle Feeding Mothers. Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, 30(1), 50.
- Jacobstein, R. (2014). Fostering Change in Medical Settings: A Holistic Programming Approach to “Revitalizing” IUD Use in Kenya. In Critical Issues in Reproductive Health (pp. 243-264). Springer Netherlands.