Who was martin luther and what was his goal when he posted his ninety-five theses in Wittenburg?
His goal was spiritual issues, but his ideas ultimately led to the splitting of Christendom.
What medium was used for Cranach’s Allegory of Law and Grace?
Why was the wood as a medium approved by Protestants when large altarpieces were not?
they viewed it as useful devotional aids. they were vehicles to educate the masses. they were also least expensive.
Who painted the Isenheim Altarpiece?
List 3 characteristics of Matthias Grunewald’s style.
a. emphacis on suffering
b. effective use of color
What subject is depicted on the center panel of the Isenheim Altarpiece?
What was On the exterior wings of the isenheim altarpiece?
Anunnciation, angelic concert, madonna and child, and resurrection
what was on the interior wings of the isenheim altarpiece?
meeting of saints anthony and paul. and the temptation of st anthony
what was the isenheim altarpieces purpose?
to be an icon for the people at the hospital
for what type of institution was the altarpiece created?
a monastic hospital
what was the reason for including saints sebastian and anthony on the wings?
they are associated with disease and with miraculous curing
name the 16th century northern artist who became an international art celebrity
in what way does Durer’s representation of the Last Supper reflect Luther’s position on the sacrament of Transubstantiation?
Luther insisted that communion was commemorative not a reenactment. the slaughtered lamb is absent.
how does Durer’s support for Lutheran doctrine reflected in the Four Apostles?
It emphasizes sorry and community, christ has announced the betrayal, only 11 disciples remain with him.
empty plate in foreground refers to the commemorative rather than literal.
List two elements of Durer’s Adam and Eve that reflect his study of Italian Models:
a. arithmic ratios
the poses of adam and eve are similar to the figures of
contrapposto kourai and koroi
List one element that demonstrates Durer’s northern commitment to naturalism
Name two tendencies that durer fuses in Knight Death and the DEvil
one of durer’s most outstanding talents was his expressive use of
as he began a campaign against the Turks, the duke of bavaria hired the artist..
Albrecht had to paint the historic conflict between Alexander the great and
in what day dud the artist emphasize the connection between the ancient battle and contemporary times?
figures are in armor and are depicted in military alignments
what stylistic effects did he utilize to emphasize the violence of the battle?
craggy mountain peaks, swirling clouds and blazing sun