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11-English Renaissance, Baroque and Neo-Palladian

– Static architecture
– Idealized palladio
– Movement died with Inigo Jones
How did the English Renaissance architecture of Inigo Jones view and interpret Italian developments?
– English Baroque emphasized additive masses, elements, and surfaces to create geometric complexity.
– Gibbs invented the Protestant church
Define the English Baroque, and the role of Gibb’s St. Martins-in-the-Fields.
NeoPalladianism began by 1715; rejected the Baroque style associated with Catholicism and absolutism.
What was Neo-Palladianism?

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Little Moreton, beg. ca 1450, Congleton, England.
- Late Medieval building forms and techniques remained popular.
Little Moreton, beg. ca 1450, Congleton, England.
– Late Medieval building forms and techniques remained popular.
Compton Wynyates, 1481-1523, Warwickshire, England.
Compton Wynyates, 1481-1523, Warwickshire, England.
King's College Chapel, 1508-, Cambridge, England.
King’s College Chapel, 1508-, Cambridge, England.
Wollaton Hall, 1508-88, Nottinghamshire, England.
- Competition among the elite to build great houses to show off during the summer Royal Progresses of Queen Elizabeth I
Wollaton Hall, 1508-88, Nottinghamshire, England.
– Competition among the elite to build great houses to show off during the summer Royal Progresses of Queen Elizabeth I
Hardwick Hall, 1590-7, Robert Smythson, Derbyshire, England. 
- Flemish inspired ornamentation, enormous areas of glass, outwardly directed composition
- Symmetry about primary axis
- More ornamentation
Hardwick Hall, 1590-7, Robert Smythson, Derbyshire, England.
– Flemish inspired ornamentation, enormous areas of glass, outwardly directed composition
– Symmetry about primary axis
– More ornamentation
Queen's House, 1616-1635, Inigo Jones, Greenwich, England.
- Jones rejected contemporary 17th century design, and favored Early Italian Renaissance architecture up to Palladio
- Static architecture
Queen’s House, 1616-1635, Inigo Jones, Greenwich, England.
– Jones rejected contemporary 17th century design, and favored Early Italian Renaissance architecture up to Palladio
– Static architecture
Banqueting House, 1619-1622, I. Jones, Whitehall Palace, London, England.
- For formal receptions and masques.
- Influenced by Palladio
- Double Cube, ceiling paintings by Rubens
Banqueting House, 1619-1622, I. Jones, Whitehall Palace, London, England.
– For formal receptions and masques.
– Influenced by Palladio
– Double Cube, ceiling paintings by Rubens
Banqueting House, 1619-1622, I. Jones, Whitehall Palace, London, England.
- Static architecture
Banqueting House, 1619-1622, I. Jones, Whitehall Palace, London, England.
– Static architecture
– Christopher Wren plan, 1666
– Introduced French landscape and urban planning principles to London
– A system of diagonal boulevards, widened streets, and a quay along the Thames River
Great Fire of 1666, London, England.
City Churches, plans, 1670-1686, C. Wren, London, England.
- Wren supervised the building of 52 new churches
- Regular geometric designs
City Churches, plans, 1670-1686, C. Wren, London, England.
– Wren supervised the building of 52 new churches
– Regular geometric designs
St. Stephen Walbrook, 1672-9, C. Wren, London, England.
St. Stephen Walbrook, 1672-9, C. Wren, London, England.
Saint Paul's Cathedral, 1675-1710, C. Wren, London, England.
- Baroque building on gothic plan
- based upon Michelangelo's design for St. Peters
- Eclectic additive composition, geometric complexity, massiveness.
Saint Paul’s Cathedral, 1675-1710, C. Wren, London, England.
– Baroque building on gothic plan
– based upon Michelangelo’s design for St. Peters
– Eclectic additive composition, geometric complexity, massiveness.
Blenheim Palace, 1705, Sir John Vanbrugh & Nicholas Hawksmoor, Woodstock, England.
- English Baroque emphasized additive masses, elements, and surfaces to create geometric complexity.
Blenheim Palace, 1705, Sir John Vanbrugh & Nicholas Hawksmoor, Woodstock, England.
– English Baroque emphasized additive masses, elements, and surfaces to create geometric complexity.
St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 1721, James Gibbs, London, England.
- Invented the Protestant church with a temple portico, surmounted by a spire fronting a basilical hall for preaching rather than liturgy.
St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 1721, James Gibbs, London, England.
– Invented the Protestant church with a temple portico, surmounted by a spire fronting a basilical hall for preaching rather than liturgy.
Chiswick House, 1725, Lord Burlington  & William Kent, Middlesex , England.
- Neo-palladianism
- Return to the first principles of Antiquity (Virtuvius), Palladio & Inigo Jones.
Chiswick House, 1725, Lord Burlington & William Kent, Middlesex , England.
– Neo-palladianism
– Return to the first principles of Antiquity (Virtuvius), Palladio & Inigo Jones.
Mereworth Castle, 1723, Colin Campbell, Kent, England.
- sought to create a modest Palladian villa type for the English countryside.
Mereworth Castle, 1723, Colin Campbell, Kent, England.
– sought to create a modest Palladian villa type for the English countryside.
Stourhead, 1722, Colin Campbell, Wiltshire, England.
Stourhead, 1722, Colin Campbell, Wiltshire, England.

11-English Renaissance, Baroque and Neo-Palladian
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
- Static architecture - Idealized palladio - Movement died with Inigo Jones How did the English Renaissance architecture of Inigo Jones view and interpret Italian developments? - English Baroque emphasize
2021-02-24 03:20:36
11-English Renaissance, Baroque and Neo-Palladian
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