The MetamorphosisBy Franz KafkaMain CharactersGregor Samsa – Man who supported his familybut mysteriously turned into a roach one day. Grete Samsa – The sister of the roach manwho fed and took care of the roach. Herr Samsa – The father of the roach whohad to return to work when his son couldnt. Frau Samsa – The mother of the roach whohad to return to work when her son couldnt.
Minor Characterslodgers – Disrespectful people that rentedrooms in the Samsa flat. charwoman – Cleaning lady who first foundGregor dead. SettingsGregors room – Gregor is locked up hereand not allowed to roam about around the other rooms of the house. Dining room – The rest of the family spendsmost of its time here talking and eating.
PlotThe story begins with Gregor waking upin bed and finding out that hes just turned into a vermin, probably aroach. Despite his state, Gregor feels that he can still go to work. However, he proves unable to do this when he finds he has so much troublegetting out of bed and opening the door. Furthermore, no one canunderstand him. Gregors employer who had come to Gregors house to fetchhim to work, leaves in a very nervous state and Gregor worries about losinghis job.Order now
His family, however, cannot believe that the bug is Gregorand shoves him back into his room when Gregor tries to step out badly bruisingGregor. Gregor returns to his room and goes to sleep. The familyis now faced with the problem of the lack of money since Gregor was theonly member of the family that worked. Luckily, the father had savedsome money which the family would be able to live off of for about a year.
Also each member of the family got a job. Herr got a job at the bank,Frau got a job knitting lingerie, and Grete got a job as a store clerk. In the meantime, the only person who enters the room is Grete who comesby and feeds Gregor twice a day. After time, the maid was fired anda charwoman was hired to do the cleaning.
Also, the Samsas tookup three lodgers to help pay the rent on the flat. These lodgers,however, did not know about Gregor. One night after dinner, Gretebegan playing the violin which lured Gregor out into the dining room. The lodgers caught sight of him and Herr pushed them into their room outof sight of Gregor. The lodgers threatened to leave without paying.
Gregor was pushed back into his own room. Early next morning, thecharwoman came to clean and found Gregor dead in his room. She toldthe rest of the family. Herr ordered the lodgers out of his house. The entire family then wrote letters to their employers requesting a dayoff to relax.
They then took a train trip where the Samsas realizedthat it was about time that Grete got married. Symbolshospital – This symbolizes help which wasso near for Gregor and yet so far. music – This symbolizes the universal communicationthat Gregor could have had with his sister. lodgers – This symbolizes the lack of controlthat the Samsa family had over their situation. StyleKafkas style is simple and matterof factly. The fact that Gregor turned into a bug did not seem toshock Gregor very much making this an interesting contrast to the familiesreaction.
The omnipotent third person leaves some things out suchhow Gregor turned into a bug in order to keep the matter of fact styleof the story.Dominant PhilosophyGregors state before he turned intoa bug contrasts with the familys state after the got jobs and began working.This suggests the Kafka is trying to say that we shouldnt work like bugsfor others leaving out time for ourselves as Gregor had but instead workfor ourselves with pride and dignity as the family did at the end of thestory.QuotesPage 538 “As Gregor Samsa awake one morningfrom a troubled dream, he found himself changed in his bed to some monstrouskind of vermin.” The narrator says this about how Gregor found outhe was a bug.Page 539 “The next train went at seven;to catch it he must hurry madly, and his collection of samples was notpacked;” The narrator says this describing how Gregor, despite beinga bug, still wants to go to work.”Page 577 “Hes lying there, absolutelydead as a doornail.” The charwoman says this to the .