Holocaust is a grieved history topic we have ever faced within the recent years. Although the notion ‘Shoah’ is widely used in Israel, it stands for the ‘Catastrophe’ of European Jewry. Since it was the most massive murders, the Nazis killed around 7 out of every 10 Jews during World War II not only in Germany. This horrible event occurred in Europe between 1933 and 1945 years under the head of Adolf Hitler. One of the most important directions of Hitler’s terror in the time of the World War was determined by the racist theory of the Nazis. The demolition of “inferior” peoples and ethnic groups has become the primary line of Berlin’s policy in East Europe. People were killed because of their another view against the Hitler or they belong to a religion or ethnic groups that the Nazis desired to destroy.
Facts about the HolocaustOrder now
Studying this period in the history we came across with lots of terrible facts that can astonish everybody.
- Children were a special target for the Nazis at the time of the Holocaust. Being alive, they present a distinguished warning, though they can create a new Jewish era. Many children died on the way to the death camp; they were closed in a cattle truck where children have choked.
- The survivors were immediately put into a gas chamber. On the early period, the Nazis forcibly relocate Jewish from Europe to the ghetto and adhered to unintended destruction policy, depriving Jewish people of the essential resources for daily life.
- At night on November 9, 1938, in Germany and Austria, the Nazis attacked Jewish treacherously. This night was named a ‘Crystal’ or ‘Collapsed showcases’. The Nazis brought huge damage to Jewish society: over 1,000 synagogues and nearly 7,000 enterprises were ruined. They destroyed Jewish private buildings and homes. When this night finished, the Nazis murdered nearly 96 Jews and sentenced 30,000 victims.
- The cruelest and numeral murders occur in 1941 years on September in the BabynIar tract near Kiev in Ukraine, in the short period of only two days for about 33,000 Jews were annihilated. Prisoners were ordered to take off clothes and come to the border of the ravine, then the German units shoot. It causes that all people fell down.
- The Nazis put off the walls of the ravine, buried both the dead and alive. The police officers captured children and put them with to the others into the ravine. Prisoners, mostly Jews, called the Sonderkommanda, were obliged to burrow dead or incinerate them in stoves. Since the Nazis did not need bystanders, most members of the Sonderkommanda were regularly sentenced with other and later put in a gas camera. Some Sonderkommanda members try to hide their testimonies in the banks; they hope it helped to deceive the German government.
- There was a well-known “good doctor” Dr. Josef Mengele. He conducted a lot of violent medical experiments during the Holocaust where the prisoners were patients. They were crippled or paralyzed and further killed. The children named him “uncle Mengele”, he brought them sweets and toys before the murders. Later he drowned in Brazil.
- The genocides that were in Germany during the World War II did not give any real opportunity to Jewish to save. Usually, it was enough to choose a foreign religion or change the political views to stay alive. The Jewish generation could only survive if their grandmothers and grandfathers adopted Christianity by January 18, 1871.
- The number of victims was enormous in the Auschwitz camp. The “Factory of Death”, which was considered the largest camp in Germany, had three huge complexes—in fact, Auschwitz, Birkenau and Monovitz. In Germany, there was a popular poster that justifies the murder of sick Jews: “This ill person lives in the 60,000 Reichsmarks in life. A citizen is your money!”
- Action Tiergartenstrasse 4 (abbreviated T-4)—at this address there was a headquarters in which they gave permission to the euthanasia program. “Death From Pity” is a program to allow murder those Jewish who suffered from physical or mental illness for more than five years. Later, according to the euthanasia program, it was necessary to kill not only patients but also children under three years old.
The Holocaust is one of the most terrible tragedies in which mankind dragged distorted ideas about the benefits of one race over another. In Europe, 6 million Jews were devastated, but there is still no final victims’ records. In this history page—inhuman pain, torture, suffering. Convicted so easily did not give up—there are many feats on the verge of death. The common tragedy brought together the Jews, and all those who sought to counter the Holocaust: indifferent people rescued alien children even when it was impossible to save their lives; under the torment of torture did not issue comrades; died, but did not give up. In the wicked body, there was a fire of indestructible attitude. Evidence of the Holocaust cannot be remembered without tears and mental pain, it is necessary to know about it—at least in order to avoid such a future.