In this paper, it will be discussed why The Atomic Bomb is the biggest method of destruction known to man. The paper will be discussing the results of the Atomic Bombs, along with the effects years after the initial explosion.
People ways wonder how many people actually died in the two Atomic Bombs which were dropped in Japan. This question will be answered, along with the method that citizens were actually killed by the bomb. Besides the initial blast winds that an Atomic Bomb gives off, people may be killed by several other things including heat rays, radiation and the implosion of their home. Robert S. Oppenheimer was the father of the Atomic Bomb.
After Albert Einstein stated that if the Nazi’s made an anuclear weapon first, the results would be devastating. Due to this, Oppenheimer decided to race to develop such a weapon, before the Nazis. On August 6, 1945, the first Atomic Bomb used in warfare, was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. U. S. President, Harry Truman ordered the dropping of the Atomic Bomb, on what he reported would only destroy military bases.
The devastation turned out to be nothing like anybody had ever seen before. On August 2, 1945 “20th Air Force attacks targets in Japan on 6th August. Primary TargetHiroshima”. At this point, only the direct order of President Truman could stop the dropping of the bomb. As it turned out, Truman thought nothing of the sort.
His intention was to bomb Hiroshima, and nothing was going to stop him. The bomb which was dropped on Hiroshima was nicknamed “Little Boy” Three days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. The bombing of Nagasaki completely wiped out the northern part of the city. The nickname for this bomb was called “FatMan”. There are a few reasons why these two cities each have different nicknames.
The Nagasaki bomb did not destroy as much as the Hiroshima bomb, nor did it kill as many people. So then why is the Nagasaki bomb called the “Fat Man” and the Hiroshima bomb called “Little Boy”. The “Fat Man” was made of plutonium and consisted of twenty-two kilotons of TNT. As for the “Little Boy”, it was made of uranium and was made up of only thirteen kilotons of TNT. Even though the Hiroshima bomb was not made up to do even near the amount of damage as the Nagasaki bomb, it turned out that did more damage.
The reason for this is because, the geographic location of Nagasaki, with its mountainous, terrain prevented it from doing the same amount of destruction as in Hiroshima. In the two bombings, there was a large gap in the number of people that died. In Hiroshima the city population at the time of the bombing was 310,000, The estimated number of deaths was 90,000-140,000 people. As for the Nagasaki bombing, the city population before the bombing was 250,000. The estimated number of deaths was 60,000-80,000 people. Notice that the word, “estimated”, was used for both amounts of deaths.
The reason for this is because, the number of deaths cannot be precisely known because records of military personnel in each city were destroyed. There have been several comparisons between the damage capabilities of the two bombs. First of all, it was said that to achieve maximum blast effect, the bomb had been set to detonate 1800 feet over Hiroshima. This is approximately548 meters.
The bomb in Hiroshima reached a height of580+/-15 meters. As for the bomb in Nagasaki, it reached a height of 500+/-10 meters. The radius in which ceramic roof tiles melted was 600m in the Hiroshima bombing and 1000min the Nagasaki bombing. The radius in which granite stone melted was 1,000m for the Hiroshima bomb and 1,600m for the Nagasaki bomb. What can be determined from these statistics is that the Nagasaki bomb has much stronger heat rays in it, and in turn would destroy more territory and kill more people. As said earlier in this essay, the location of Nagasaki prevented that.
It was said that when the bomb hit the ground, “A bright, blinding flash was seen. A minute later, a black cloud of boiling dust and churning debris was1,000 feet off the ground and above it white smoke climbed like a mushroom to 20,000 feet”. This is one of the reasons that so many people died from the bomb. When burning debris is flying through the air, chances are that people are going to get hit.
We’re not talking little pebbles here. Houses were blown to bits, and pieces of the houses were being thrown across the city. Another person said; First came the pika-the flash-and.