Court Music: La Dough Vote -a troubadour and secular composer -his composition/writing style helped establish the classical form of courtly love poetry -is French -approximately 45 of his composition and works survived. Operation/Operation the Great (End of 12th Century – Beginning of 13th Century) Organ Music: Alleluia: Diffuse est. gratin -European Composer (believed to be French) -pioneered the style of organ triplet/quadrupled (3/4 part harmonies) -his works are preserved in the “Magnum Libber”
Gallinule De Mach Nova) Songs Composed Polyphonic Progression: Dame, De quiz touted ma Joe event Quant en mom -Medieval French poet and composer -part of the musical movement known as Ears Nova -helped developed the motet and secular song forms -survived the black death/plague -composed poems and 7 chansons royals. A adds, 76 rounded, 39 varietals, 24 lass, 10 complaints -majority of his poems reflect on the conventions of courtly love.
Chapter VI: The Renaissance Began in Italy after late middle ages and spread to the rest of Europe Cultural movement that spanned from 14th-17th century The printing press was developed which helped spread this movement. Gallinule Duffy (1397-1474) New Attitudes: Eave Maria Stella -Netherlands composer of the early renaissance -most famous and influential composer in Europe in the 1 5th century -printing press allowed for his works to spread rapidly -wrote 7 complete masses, 28 individual mass movements, 15 chants, 3 magnificent, 15 antiphons, 27 hymns, 22 motets, and 87 chansons.
Joaquin des Perez High Renaissance Style: Panged lingua Mass, Keri Panged lingua Mass, from the Gloria Music As Expression : Mille Regrets Netherlands composer of high renaissance -wrote both sacred and secular music -wrote 18 masses, 100 motets, 70 chansons -traveled a lot -a humanist composer, uses word painting Giovanni Purlieu dad Palestinian (1525-1594) Late Renaissance Style: Pope Marcella Mass -Italian Renaissance Composer -Incidentally enough, was born in a town called Palestinian -under the influence of the European style of polyphony -choir master and composer -wrote 105 masses, 68 offertories, 140 madrigals, 300 motets Thomas weeks (1576-1623) Secular Music Style of Renaissance: As Vests was from Altars Hill English Composer -Became organist of Winchester College and Chester Cathedral 1 598 -wrote many many madrigals -works consisted heavily on vocal compositions -most anthems written are verse anthems Chapter VI’: The Early Baroque Period From 1600-1680 Period of artistic style and development of exaggerations and motions Encouraged by the roman catholic church Giovanni Gabriele (1554-1612) Renaissance to Baroque Progression: O magnum mysteries -Italian composer and organist -Influential musician in the shift of Renaissance to Baroque -born in Venice -became organist of SST. Marks Basilica in 1585
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (1567-1643) Features of Early Baroque Music Style: Coronation of Poppa -Italian composer, gambits, singer and roman catholic priest -his compositions marked the transition from Renaissance to Baroque -developed the basso continuo technique -became a priest in 1632 -primarily worked on madrigals but composed operas as well Henry Purcell (1659-1695) Early Opera Style: Dido Names -English composer -incorporated Italian and French styles into his compositions -developed a unique English form of the baroque style -wrote an ode for the kings birthday at the age of 1 1 Chapter V: The Middle Ages Important Terms: Chant: Words that are said musically Counterpoint: The relationship between voices that are harmonically independent. Texture: The consonance and dissonance of sound. Motif: Small entity sequence in music. Form -> Structure Departure Return Music and the Church: Plainchant Plainchant antiphon, “In paradises” CD 1:1 – monophonic – very syllabic (one note per syllable) – gentle intervals and rhythms – floats, no general direction (modal toned) – Latin Hildebrand of Binge: Plainchant sequence