Medicine through time- Medieval and renaissance surgery & anatomy.
Superficial procedures; small tumors, cuts, broken bones set etc.
No effective anesthetics, only opium, mandrake. Didn’t put to sleep- only made drowsy.
Seen as a profession, learnt through practice as apprentices.
Gain license from passing tests.
Medical surgeons only watched surgeons do procedures whilst Galen was read out. No hands on experience & inaccurate info.
Frequent wars, skills in demand, lots of practice.
Dissection= Jaw bone made of 1 bone not 2.
No holes in septum= blood can’t flow through it.
Book= Fabric of human body= detailed diagrams of anatomy. Spread knowledge. 1543.
Art= Paintings to illustrate work.
Heart acts as a pump, moving blood around the body.
Proved body has 1 way system for moving blood.
Wrote ideas in an anatomical account of the motion of heart and blood. 1628.
religion= church condemned his ideas, and thought heart was center of soul not just muscular pump.
Individual genius= Careful dissection & observation.
From 1536, spent 20 years as an army surgeon. Gave him vast knowledge and experience on different types of wound.
Before Pare, used cauterizing to seal wounds (PAIN)
Pare replaced this with egg yolk, turpentine, oil of roses. Helped heal properly, less pain.
Developed ligatures. Silk thread tied around blood vessels.
Chance- ran out of cauterizing oil, tried random combo.