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    Journey of Ancient Architecture: St. Peter’s Square Essay

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    Journey of Ancient Architecture Ancient Roman Piazza Did Pieta Piazza Did Pieta = SST. Pewter’s Square Figure 1 :SST. Pewter’s Square Top View Basic Information Location: Vatican City Figure 2:Flag of Vatican City Year consecrated: 1626 Architect(s): 1 . Donate Aberrant 2. Antonio dad Seasonal the Younger 3. Michelangelo 4. Capo Borzoi dad Avignon 5. Giaconda Della Porto 6. Carlo Modern 7. Giant Lorenz Bernie Architectural style : Renaissance and Baroque Groundbreaking: 18 April 1506 Completed: 18 November 1626 Figure 3:Map of Vatican City Figure 4:Mussolini’s approach to SST Peters

    Figure 5:Mussolini’s approach to SST Peters SST. Pewter’s Two rows of houses were demolished by Mussolini in 1936 to build this boulevard from Piazza San Pitter across the Tiber River to the center of Rome. This was said to be Mussolini’s symbolic way of honoring the “conciliation” between the Vatican and the Italian government. Figure 6:SST. Peter Piazza Figure 7:SST. Peter Piazza Every Sunday at noon, people gather to recite the Angelus and receive the Pope’s blessing from his window. * built by Bernie between 1657-1667 * SST.

    Pewter’s Square has the shape of an immense ellipse, 320 m. Long and 240 m. Did, at its broadest point. * Once the basilica had been built, it was felt that a space should be created in front of it with a capacity sufficient to contain the mass of people who would flock here to take part in the most solemn functions. * A red porphyry stone mark the spot in the northwest corner of the Square where Pope John Paul II was shot. Figure 8:The Obelisk Figure 9: Lower Part of The Obelisk * It was hewn from a single block and stands 25. 31 m high on a base 8. Mm wide, weighing about 330 tons. * This obelisk was from Egypt and was brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula in 37 AD. It is the second highest obelisk in Rome, after the Lateran one, and the only one devoid of hieroglyphics, but with Latin inscriptions. * The obelisk rests upon four accountant lions, each with two bodies whose tails intertwine. * The inscriptions on the north and south sides of the base have texts written by Cardinal Silvia Antonio as a memorial to the moving of the obelisk. The east and west sides have exorcist formulas.

    Figure 10:The Wind Rose West Opponent I West North West Opponent Maestro I North West Maestro I North North West Dormant Maestro I North Attractant I North North East Dormant Greece I North East Greece I East North East Greece Elevate I East Elevate I East South East Elevate Sirocco I South East Sirocco I South South East Castro Sirocco I South Castro I South South West Castro Liberace I South West Liberace I West South West Opponent Liberace I * The Wind Rose uses the compass points to show the different wind directions.

    Figure 1 1 fountain * “Antics” fountain built in 1614 by Carlo Modern on the Saint Pewter’s Square. * Located at both side of The Obelisk and all of them are parallel. SST Pewter’s Basilica Basilica did San Pitter 1450 Successive plans Brakeman’s plan * The foundation stone was laid in 1506 when the plan was selected. * This plan was in the form of an enormous Greek Cross with a dome inspired by that of the huge circular Roman temple, the Pantheon. The main difference between Brakeman’s design and that of the Pantheon is that where the dome of the Pantheon is supported by a continuous wall, that of the new basilica was to be supported only on four large piers. * Aberrant was replaced

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